endonuclease, poly(U) specific

Gene Context Sentence

Table 2. Analysis of context sentence of ENDOU gene in 9 abstracts.

PMID Gene Context Sentence
32188729 Here, we evaluated the host transcriptional response to infection with murine coronaviruses encoding independent mutations in one of two different viral antagonists: the deubiquitinase (DUB) within nonstructural protein 3 or the endoribonuclease (EndoU) within nonstructural protein 15. […] We used transcriptomics approaches to compare the scope and kinetics of the host response to the wild-type, DUBmut, and EndoUmut viruses in infected macrophages. […] We found that the EndoUmut virus activates a focused response predominantly involving type I interferons and interferon-related genes, whereas the WT and DUBmut viruses more broadly stimulate upregulation of over 2,800 genes, including networks associated with activating the unfolded protein response (UPR), and the proinflammatory response associated with viral pathogenesis. […] Here, we evaluated the host macrophage response to two independent mutant coronaviruses: one with reduced deubiquitinating activity (DUBmut) and the other containing an inactivated endoribonuclease (EndoUmut). […] We observed a rapid, robust, and focused response to the EndoUmut virus, which was characterized by enhanced expression of interferon and interferon-related genes. […] This study reveals that EndoU activity substantially contributes to the ability of coronaviruses to evade the host innate response and to replicate in macrophages.
32198201 CoVs encode an endoribonuclease designated EndoU that facilitates evasion of host pattern recognition receptor MDA5, but the target of EndoU activity was not known. […] Here, we report that EndoU cleaves the 5’-polyuridines from negative-sense viral RNA, termed PUN RNA, which is the product of polyA-templated RNA synthesis. […] Using a virus containing an EndoU catalytic-inactive mutation, we detected a higher abundance of PUN RNA in the cytoplasm compared to wild-type-infected cells. […] We also establish a mechanism for EndoU activity to cleave and limit the accumulation of this PAMP. […] Since EndoU activity is highly conserved in all CoVs, inhibiting this activity may serve as an approach for therapeutic interventions against existing and emerging CoV infections.
32462970 Nonstructural Protein-15 (NSP15) encodes for an uridylate-specific endoribonuclease (EndoU) enzyme, essential for virus life cycle and an attractive target for drug development. […] We have performed in silico based virtual screening of FDA approved compounds targeting EndoU in search of COVID19 drugs from commercially available approved molecules. […] Two drugs Glisoxepide and Idarubicin used for treatment for diabetes and leukemia respectively were selected as stronger binder of EndoU. […] Molecular dynamics simulation studies showed stable conformation dynamics upon drugs binding to endoU. […] Comparative structural analysis showed the stronger binding of EndoU to Glisoxepide and Idarubicin than uridine monophosphate (UMP).
32835632 In silico virtual screening, docking, ADME, MM-GBSA and MD simulation analysis of coumarin derivatives against Methyltransferase (MTase), Endoribonuclease(endoU), ADP ribose Phosphatase and Main Protease enzyme of SARS CoV-2. […] Top five compounds of coumarin derivatives s docked at the active site of Methyltransferase (MTase), Endoribonuclease(endoU), ADP ribose Phosphatase and protease and top five compounds of each have docking score from -9.00 to -7.97, -8.42 to -6.80, -8.63 to -7.48 and -7.30 to -6.01 kcal/mol, respectively, of SARS CoV-2.
32989044 Coronavirus EndoU inhibits dsRNA-activated antiviral responses; however, the physiologic RNA substrates of EndoU are unknown. […] In this study, we used mouse hepatitis virus (MHV)-infected bone-marrow-derived macrophage (BMM) and cyclic phosphate cDNA sequencing to identify the RNA targets of EndoU. […] EndoU targeted viral RNA, cleaving the 3’ side of pyrimidines with a strong preference for U↓A and C↓A sequences (endoY↓A). […] EndoU-dependent cleavage was detected in every region of MHV RNA, from the 5’ NTR to the 3’ NTR, including transcriptional regulatory sequences (TRS). […] MHV with EndoU (EndoUmut) or 2’-5’ phosphodiesterase (PDEmut) mutations provoked the activation of RNase L in BMM, with corresponding cleavage of RNAs by RNase L. […] The physiologic targets of EndoU are viral RNA templates required for negative-strand RNA synthesis and dsRNA accumulation. […] Coronavirus EndoU cleaves U↓A and C↓A sequences (endoY↓A) within viral (+) strand RNA to evade dsRNA-activated host responses.
33155531 Here, we have employed a series of computer-aided drug repurposing campaign to discover inhibitors of RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and Nsp15/EndoU.
33197855 Common proteins included the SARS-CoV-2 entry receptor ACE2 and ENDOU, a placental endoribonuclease homologous to Nsp15, a protein produced by the virus to escape host immunity. […] Remarkably, placental ENDOU mRNA expression far exceeded that of ACE2. […] Immunohistochemistry confirmed ENDOU localization at the hemochorial maternal-fetal interface. […] Investigation of ENDOU’s relevance to vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is further warranted.
33361429 Therefore, EndoU activity is a virulence factor in IBV infections, thus providing an approach for generating live-attenuated vaccine candidates for emerging coronaviruses.
33564093 SARS-CoV-2 Nsp15 is a uridine-specific endoribonuclease with C-terminal catalytic domain belonging to the EndoU family that is highly conserved in coronaviruses.