Epidemiology Sentence Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of 848 absracts clustered as Epidemiology.

Title Gene Context Sentence ePubDate
Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Major gaps in our knowledge of the origin, epidemiology, duration of human transmission, and clinical spectrum of disease need fulfilment by future studies. 2020-03-13
Early Transmission Dynamics in Wuhan, China, of Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia. We analyzed data on the first 425 confirmed cases in Wuhan to determine the epidemiologic characteristics of NCIP. […] We described characteristics of the cases and estimated the key epidemiologic time-delay distributions. 2020-04-01
The Novel Coronavirus: A Bird’s Eye View. Herein, we present on an overview of the currently available information on the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of this virus. 2020-04-13
Clinical characteristics of novel coronavirus cases in tertiary hospitals in Hubei Province. This study aims to investigate its epidemiologic history, and analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment regimens, and prognosis of patients infected with 2019-nCoV during this outbreak. 2020-03-02
[Retracted: Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 34 children with 2019 novel coronavirus infection in Shenzhen]. Objective: To describe the characteristics of clinical manifestations and epidemiology of children with 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection. Methods: All 34 children with laboratory-confirmed 2019-nCoV infection by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR through nasopharyngeal swab specimens were admitted to the Third People’s Hospital of Shenzhen from January 19 to Febuary 7, 2020. 2020-02-26
Molecular and serological investigation of 2019-nCoV infected patients: implication of multiple shedding routes. We also showed serology test can improve detection positive rate thus should be used in future epidemiology. 2020-03-16
2019 Novel coronavirus: where we are and what we know. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. 2020-04-02
2019 novel coronavirus of pneumonia in Wuhan, China: emerging attack and management strategies. More comprehensive information is required to understand 2019-nCoV feature, the epidemiology of origin and spreading, and the clinical phenomina. 2020-03-06
Viral Load Kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in First Two Patients in Korea. With the numbers of confirmed cases are increasing, information on the epidemiologic investigation and clinical manifestation have been accumulated. 2020-03-16
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Perspective from China. This review focuses on the etiology, epidemiology, and clinical symptoms of COVID-19, while highlighting the role of chest CT in prevention and disease control. A full translation of this article in Chinese is available. 2020-02-21
[Standardized diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer during the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia in Renji hospital]. Referring to the “Diagnosis and Treatment Scheme for NCP (Trial Version 4 and 5)” and combining the actual practice situation in our hospital with the “Summary of New Coronavirus Files of Shanghai Renji Hospital”, we summarize how to carry out the clinical practice of colorectal surgery under the situation of the prevention and control of the NCP epidemiology, meanwhile under such situation aiming the procedure of diagnose and treatment for emergency patients with colorectal tumor, we share the experiences of the diagnosis of colorectal tumor, the management of patients with colorectal cancer who are scheduled to be admitted for surgery, the protection of wards, the perioperative management. 2020-02-22
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak: What the Department of Radiology Should Know. The purpose of the present review is to briefly discuss the known epidemiology and the imaging findings of coronavirus syndromes, with a focus on the reported imaging findings of NCIP. 2020-04-10
Systematic Comparison of Two Animal-to-Human Transmitted Human Coronaviruses: SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV. There are some similarities and differences in the epidemiology and clinical features between these two viruses and diseases that are caused by these viruses. 2020-03-23
Novel coronavirus COVID-19: an overview for emergency clinicians In this review, the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of the recently discovered COVID-19 are reviewed, with a focus onbest practices and the public health implications. 2020-03-16
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and pregnancy: what obstetricians need to know. Currently the primary epidemiologic risk factors for coronavirus disease 2019 include travel from mainland China (especially Hubei Province) or close contact with infected individuals within 14 days of symptom onset. 2020-04-15
The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. In this review, we highlights the symptoms, epidemiology, transmission, pathogenesis, phylogenetic analysis and future directions to control the spread of this fatal disease. 2020-04-15
[Clinical analysis of 31 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in children from six provinces (autonomous region) of northern China]. Close contact history of epidemiology, nucleic acid detection and chest imaging are important bases for diagnosis. 2020-03-02
Epidemiologic Features and Clinical Course of Patients Infected With SARS-CoV-2 in Singapore. To report the initial experience in Singapore with the epidemiologic investigation of this outbreak, clinical features, and management. 2020-03-17
[WITHDRAWN: Potential false-positive rate among the ‘asymptomatic infected individuals’ in close contacts of COVID-19 patients]. Questions from the readers mainly focused on the article’s results and conclusions were depended on theoretical deduction, but not the field epidemiology data and further researches were needed to prove the current theory. 2020-04-07
[The differential diagnosis of pulmonary infiltrates in cancer patients during the outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease]. Information of clinical manifestations, history of epidemiology, lab tests and chest CT scan images of visiting patients from February 13 to February 28 were collected. 2020-03-05
Potential Factors Influencing Repeated SARS Outbreaks in China. These natural and social factors influenced the general progression and trajectory of the SARS epidemiology. 2020-03-18
The 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak - A Global Threat. There are significant knowledge gaps in the epidemiology, transmission dynamics, investigation tools and management. 2020-03-10
COVID-19 (Novel Coronavirus 2019) - recent trends. COVID-19 is similar to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) virus in its pathogenicity, clinical spectrum, and epidemiology. 2020-03-18
Middle East respiratory syndrome. This Seminar provides an update on the current knowledge and perspectives on MERS epidemiology, virology, mode of transmission, pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical features, management, infection control, development of new therapeutics and vaccines, and highlights unanswered questions and priorities for research, improved management, and prevention. 2020-04-13
[Healing the schism between public health and medicine, promoting the integration of prevention and treatment]. The ‘Healing the Schism: Epidemiology, Medicine, and the Public’s Health’ by professor Kerr L. 2020-03-08
The Incubation Period of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) From Publicly Reported Confirmed Cases: Estimation and Application. There is limited support for many of its key epidemiologic features, including the incubation period for clinical disease (coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]), which has important implications for surveillance and control activities. 2020-03-22
The emergence of a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), their biology and therapeutic options. In this Review, we summarize current information about the emergence, origin, diversity, and epidemiology of three pathogenic coronaviruses with a specific focus on the current outbreak in Wuhan, China. 2020-03-12
Epidemiology of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease-19 in Gansu Province, China, 2020. To determine the epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in a remote region of China, far from Wuhan, we analyzed the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Gansu Province. 2020-03-13
The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak - an update on the status. In this review, we summarized the latest research progress of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical characteristics of COVID-19, and discussed the current treatment and scientific advancements to combat the epidemic novel coronavirus. 2020-03-19
Coronavirus disease 2019: What we know? The purpose of this review is primarily to review the pathogen, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of COVID-19, but also to comment briefly on the epidemiology and pathology based on the current evidence. 2020-03-29
Clinical progression of patients with COVID-19 in Shanghai, China. Studies on the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have generally been limited to the description of the epidemiology and initial clinical characteristics. 2020-04-16
The SARS-CoV-2 outbreak: what we know. This paper aggregates and consolidates the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatments and preventions of this new type of coronavirus. 2020-04-01
Potential preanalytical and analytical vulnerabilities in the laboratory diagnosis of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Some practical indications can hence be identified for minimizing the risk of diagnostic errors, encompassing the improvement of diagnostic accuracy by combining clinical evidence with results of chest computed tomography (CT) and RT-PCR, interpretation of RT-PCR results according to epidemiologic, clinical and radiological factors, recollection and testing of upper (or lower) respiratory specimens in patients with negative RT-PCR test results and high suspicion or probability of infection, dissemination of clear instructions for specimen (especially swab) collection, management and storage, together with refinement of molecular target(s) and thorough compliance with analytical procedures, including quality assurance. 2020-04-01
Report on the Epidemiological Features of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in the Republic of Korea from January 19 to March 2, 2020. This report summarizes the epidemiologic features and the snapshots of the outbreak in the Republic of Korea from January 19 and March 2, 2020. 2020-03-23
Safety and efficacy of different anesthetic regimens for parturients with COVID-19 undergoing Cesarean delivery: a case series of 17 patients. Their epidemiologic history, chest computed tomography scans, laboratory measurements, and SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positivity were evaluated. 2020-04-03
Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of 91 Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang, China: A retrospective, multi-centre case series. Recent studies have focused initial clinical and Epidemiologic characteristics on the COVID-19, mainly revealing situation in Wuhan, Hubei. […] To reveal more data on the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients outside of Wuhan, in Zhejiang, China. 2020-03-17
Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, prevention and control of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) during the early outbreak period: a scoping review. In this scoping review, 65 research articles published before 31 January 2020 were analyzed and discussed to better understand the epidemiology, causes, clinical diagnosis, prevention and control of this virus. […] During this early period, published research primarily explored the epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, as well as prevention and control of the novel coronavirus. 2020-03-19
Identifying and Interrupting Superspreading Events-Implications for Control of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. Although we still have limited information on the epidemiology of this virus, there have been multiple reports of superspreading events (SSEs), which are associated with both explosive growth early in an outbreak and sustained transmission in later stages. 2020-03-18
A doubt of multiple introduction of SARS-CoV-2 in Italy: A preliminary overview. Nevertheless, there is limited information about the genomic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 circulating in Italy from surveillance studies. 2020-03-28
The critical role of laboratory medicine during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and other viral outbreaks. These include etiological diagnosis, patient monitoring, as well as epidemiologic surveillance. 2020-04-01
[Standardized diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer during the outbreak of corona virus disease 2019 in Renji hospital]. Although colorectal surgery is not a front-line subject in the fight against the epidemic, but in this special situation, it is a difficult task to provide the highest quality medical services and ensure the orderly clinical work, on the premise of maximizing the protection for patients and their families, health of medical staff, and the safety of wards and hospitals, We summarize how to carry out the clinical practice of colorectal surgery under the situation of the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemiology, including the procedures of diagnose and treatment for emergency patients with colorectal tumor, and share the experiences of the diagnosis of colorectal tumor, the management of patients with colorectal cancer who are scheduled to be admitted for surgery, the protection of wards, the perioperative management. 2020-03-23
First Pediatric Case of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Korea. Current epidemiologic knowledge suggests that relatively few cases are seen among children, which limits opportunities to address pediatric specific issues on infection control and the children’s contribution to viral spread in the community. 2020-03-23
How Should the Rehabilitation Community Prepare for 2019-nCoV? With the novel coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV) pandemic spreading quickly in the United States and the world, it is urgent that the rehabilitation community quickly understands the epidemiology of the virus and what we can and must do to face this microbial adversary at the early stages of this likely long global pandemic. 2020-04-14
Case report of COVID-19 in a kidney transplant recipient: Does immunosuppression alter the clinical presentation? COVID-19 is novel infectious disease with an evolving understanding of its epidemiology and clinical manifestations. 2020-04-10
A review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) based on current evidence. Based on the current published evidence, we systematically summarizes the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of knowledge surrounding COVID-19. 2020-04-16
Updated approaches against SARS-CoV-2. There is a growing understanding of SARS-CoV-2 in the virology, epidemiology and clinical management strategies. 2020-03-24
Novel 2019 coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19): An updated overview for emergency clinicians This overview analyzes the best information from the early research, including epidemiologic and demographic features from SARS-CoV-1 and MERS-CoV viruses; lessons learned from the experience of an emergency physician in Northern Italy, where the outbreak has devastated the healthcare system; evidence on transmission and prevention through safe use of PPE; evidence and advice on SARS-CoV-2 testing and co-infection; management options; airway management options; steps for rapid sequence intubation in the ED and managing disaster ventilation; and information on managing pediatric and pregnant patients. 2020-03-26
COVID-19 in a Long-Term Care Facility - King County, Washington, February 27-March 9, 2020.
  • Epidemiologic investigation of facility A identified 129 cases of COVID-19 associated with facility A, including 81 of the residents, 34 staff members, and 14 visitors; 23 persons died.
The Role of the Global Health Development/Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network and the Eastern Mediterranean Field Epidemiology Training Programs in Preparedness for COVID-19. This viewpoint article aims to highlight the contribution of the Global Health Development (GHD)/Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network (EMPHNET) and the EMR’s Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETPs) to prepare for and respond to the current COVID-19 threat. 2020-04-03
Perioperative COVID-19 Defense: An Evidence-Based Approach for Optimization of Infection Control and Operating Room Management. These 8 programmatic recommendations stand on a substantial body of empirical evidence characterizing the epidemiology of perioperative transmission and infection development made possible by support from the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF). 2020-03-29
[Epidemiology, Treatment, and Epidemic Prevention and Control of the Coronavirus Disease 2019: a Review]. This review summarizes the ongoing researches regarding etiology, epidemiology, transmission dynamics, treatment, and prevention and control strategies of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), with comparison to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and pandemic H1N1 virus. 2020-04-02
Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of Patients Infected with 2019-New Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): A Review and Perspective. Due to the homology in epidemiology, genomics, and pathogenesis of the SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV, and the widely use of TCM in the treatment of SARS-CoV, the clinical evidence showing the beneficial effect of TCM in the treatment of patients with SARS coronaviral infections are discussed. 2020-04-03
Perspectives on therapeutic neutralizing antibodies against the Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiology, genomics, and pathogenesis of the SARS-CoV-2 show high homology with that of SARS-CoV. 2020-04-03
COVID-19: what has been learned and to be learned about the novel coronavirus disease. We will cover the basics about the epidemiology, etiology, virology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of the disease. 2020-04-03
Asymptomatic and Human-to-Human Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a 2-Family Cluster, Xuzhou, China. We report epidemiologic, laboratory, and clinical findings for 7 patients with 2019 novel coronavirus disease in a 2-family cluster. 2020-04-01
Practical Strategies Against the Novel Coronavirus and COVID-19-the Imminent Global Threat. Hopefully, cumulative data using whole-genome sequencing of the SARS-CoV-2 genome in parallel with mathematical modeling will help the molecular biologists to understand unknown features of the pathogenesis and epidemiology of COVID-19. 2020-04-01
Virology, Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Control of COVID-19. Scientific advancements since the pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002~2003 and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2012 have accelerated our understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 and the development of therapeutics to treat viral infection. 2020-04-03
COVID-19 epidemic: Disease characteristics in children. Although information regarding the epidemiology of COVID-19 in children has accumulated, relevant comprehensive reports are lacking. 2020-04-15
The Role of Emergency Radiology in COVID-19: From Preparedness to Diagnosis. We review the symptoms, epidemiology, and testing for this disease. 2020-04-02
Epidemiologic Features of 135 Patients With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) in Tianjin, China. This study describes the epidemiologic features of an outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Tianjin caused by a novel coronavirus and provides the scientific basis for prevention and control measures. 2020-04-16
COVID-19, SARS and MERS: are they closely related? We provide a review of the differences in terms of pathogenesis, epidemiology and clinical features between COVID-19, SARS and MERS. 2020-04-02
The epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19. This paper reviews the literature on all available information about the epidemiology, diagnosis, isolation and treatments of COVID-19. 2020-04-09
A new threat from an old enemy: Re‑emergence of coronavirus (Review). In the present review, we address current knowledge on coronaviruses from a short history to epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation of the disease, as well as treatment and prevention strategies. 2020-04-02
Current Status of Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Therapeutics, and Vaccines for Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Here, we review the current status of epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and vaccine development for COVID-19. 2020-04-10
The Rapid Assessment and Early Warning Models for COVID-19. This would significantly improve global surveillance capacity, particularly in developing regions, and improve basic training in infectious diseases and molecular epidemiology. 2020-04-02
Peer-to-Peer Contact Tracing: Development of a Privacy-Preserving Smartphone App. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is an urgent public health crisis, with epidemiologic models predicting severe consequences, including high death rates, if the virus is permitted to run its course without any intervention or response. 2020-04-13
Case Report on Early Diagnosis of COVID-19. Based on the analysis of the cases of 4 patients, this article finds that early diagnosis requires a combination of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, imaging, and etiology, with particular emphasis on epidemiology history and chest CT manifestations. 2020-04-03
Insight into 2019 novel coronavirus - an updated intrim review and lessons from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. Based on recently published literatures, official documents and selected up-to-date preprint studies, we reviewed the virology and origin, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, pathology and treatment of 2019-nCoV infection, in comparison with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. 2020-04-07
Evolving epidemiology and transmission dynamics of coronavirus disease 2019 outside Hubei province, China: a descriptive and modelling study. Understanding the evolving epidemiology and transmission dynamics of the outbreak beyond Hubei would provide timely information to guide intervention policy. 2020-04-05
Tracking COVID-19 in Europe: An Infodemiology Study. Infodemiology, i.e. information epidemiology, uses Web-based data in order to inform public health and policy. 2020-04-06
Evidence that Vitamin D Supplementation Could Reduce Risk of Influenza and COVID-19 Infections and Deaths. This article reviews the roles of vitamin D in reducing the risk of respiratory tract infections, knowledge about the epidemiology of influenza and COVID-19, and how vitamin D supplementation might be a useful measure to reduce risk. 2020-04-10
High Contagiousness and Rapid Spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. We collected extensive individual case reports across China and estimated key epidemiologic parameters, including the incubation period. 2020-04-07
Daily Situation Report on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran; March 14, 2020. After detection of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran, the National Committee on COVID-19 Epidemiology in Ministry of Health and Medical Education was established. 2020-04-09
Daily Situation Report on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran; March 15, 2020. After detection of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran, the National Committee on COVID-19 Epidemiology in Ministry of Health and Medical Education was established. 2020-04-09
Daily Situation Report on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran; March 16, 2020. After detection of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran, the National Committee on COVID-19 Epidemiology in Ministry of Health and Medical Education was established. 2020-04-09
Daily Situation Report on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran; March 23, 2020. After detection of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran, the National Committee on COVID-19 Epidemiology in Ministry of Health and Medical Education was established. 2020-04-09
Daily Situation Report on Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran; March 25, 2020. After detection of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Iran, the National Committee on COVID-19 Epidemiology in Ministry of Health and Medical Education was established. 2020-04-09
COVID-19 Outbreak: An Overview. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the epidemiology, phylogenesis, homology modeling, and molecular diagnostics of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-04-07
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2-Specific Antibody Responses in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients. Validated serologic assays are needed for contact tracing, identifying the viral reservoir, and epidemiologic studies. 2020-04-08
COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 10 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 5 April 2020). The epidemiology differs from country to country depending not only on the disease, but also on differences in case detection, testing and implemented public health measures. 2020-04-09
Coronavirus disease 2019: a bibliometric analysis and review. 68 (37.2%) epidemiology, 49 (26.8%) virology and 26 (14.2%) clinical features. 2020-04-15
Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of COVID-19. In this review, we summarize the epidemiology and characteristics of COVID-19. 2020-04-14
Improved Early Recognition of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19): Single-Center Data from a Shanghai Screening Hospital. To clarify the early epidemiology and clinical characteristics about COVID-19. […] Epidemiology, demography, clinical, laboratory and chest CTs were collected and analyzed. 2020-04-14
Presymptomatic Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 - Singapore, January 23-March 16, 2020. Clinical and epidemiologic findings of all COVID-19 cases in Singapore through March 16 were reviewed to determine whether presymptomatic transmission might have occurred. […] Seven COVID-19 epidemiologic clusters in which presymptomatic transmission likely occurred were identified, and 10 such cases within these clusters accounted for 6.4% of the 157 locally acquired cases. 2020-04-10
Rapid Sentinel Surveillance for COVID-19 - Santa Clara County, California, March 2020. At the time the investigation began, testing guidance recommended focusing on persons with clinical findings of lower respiratory illness and travel to an affected area or an epidemiologic link to a laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 case, or on persons hospitalized for severe respiratory disease and no alternative diagnosis (1). […] Sentinel surveillance in outpatient settings and emergency departments, implemented together with hospital-based surveillance, mortality surveillance, and serologic surveys, can provide a robust approach to monitor the epidemiology of COVID-19. 2020-04-10
Coronavirus membrane fusion mechanism offers as a potential target for antiviral development. We also provide a supplemental file containing background information on the biology, epidemiology, and clinical features of all human-infecting coronaviruses, along with a phylogenetic tree of these coronaviruses. 2020-04-09
High-resolution Chest CT Features and Clinical Characteristics of Patients Infected with COVID-19 in Jiangsu, China. Most patients (approximately 90%) were classified as common type and with epidemiologic history. […] Clinical performances of patients with COVID-19, mostly with epidemiologic history and typical symptoms, were critical valuable in the diagnosis of the COVID-19. 2020-04-11
Role of Tissue Engineering in COVID-19 and Future Viral Outbreaks. This work introduces the basics of virology and epidemiology for tissue engineers, and highlights important developments in the field of tissue engineering relevant to the current pandemic, including in vitro model systems, vaccine technology, and small-molecule drug delivery. 2020-04-15
Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19): Implications for Clinical Dental Care. Thus, the aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of the epidemiology, symptoms, and routes of transmission of this novel infection. 2020-04-14
SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 in older adults: what we may expect regarding pathogenesis, immune responses, and outcomes. Here, we briefly review the virus, its structure and evolution, epidemiology and pathogenesis, immunogenicity and immune, and clinical response in older adults, using available knowledge on SARS-CoV-2 and its highly pathogenic relatives MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-1. 2020-04-10
SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and MERS-COV: A comparative overview So, this review aims at understanding the new scenario of SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and compares the epidemiology, clinical presentations, and the genetics of these coronaviruses. 2020-04-15
Diarrhea during COVID-19 infection: pathogenesis, epidemiology, prevention and management. Here we investigate the epidemiology, clinical presentation, molecular mechanisms, management, and prevention of SARS-CoV-2 associated diarrhea. 2020-04-13
SARS-CoV-2 Epidemiology and Control, Different Scenarios for Turkey. The epidemiology and control in different countries was compared and the differences discussed. 2020-04-14
Novel 2019 coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19): an overview for emergency clinicians. This review analyzes information from worldwide research and experience on the epidemiology, prevention, and treatment of COVID-19, and offers links to the most reliable and trustworthy resources to help equip healthcare professionals in managing this public health challenge. 2020-04-14
A Review of SARS-CoV-2 and the Ongoing Clinical Trials. In this article, we present a succinct overview of the epidemiology, clinical features, and molecular characteristics of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-04-16
Clinical and epidemiologic profile of the initial COVID-19 patients at a tertiary care centre in India. The objective of this work is to report the initial experience with epidemiologic and clinical features, as well as with the management of COVID-19 patients in India. 2020-04-16
Mutated COVID-19, May Foretells Mankind in a Great Risk in the Future. Our study aimed to present an overview of the virus in terms of structure, epidemiology, symptoms, treatment, and prevention. 2020-04-15
COVID-19 for the Cardiologist: A Current Review of the Virology, Clinical Epidemiology, Cardiac and Other Clinical Manifestations and Potential Therapeutic Strategies. We discuss the basic virology, epidemiology, clinical manifestation, multi-organ consequences, and outcomes. 2020-04-15
1,000,000 cases of COVID-19 outside of China: The date predicted by a simple heuristic. Prediction, forecast, pandemic, COVID-19, coronavirus, exponential growth curve parameter, heuristic, epidemiology, extrapolation, abductive reasoning, WHO situa- tion report. 2020-04-16
[Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was used to diagnose two cases of 2019-nCoV infection]. The case reports 2 cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia diagnosed by concurrent bronchoalveolar lavage in our hospital, 1 case had a history of epidemiology, clinical symptoms and high imaging suspicion, but repeated negative throat swabs. 2020-04-17
Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) Current Status and Future Perspectives: A Narrative Review. We performed a narrative review to describe existing literature with regard to Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, management and future perspective. 2020-04-21
[Clinical analysis of 150 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in Nanyang City, Henan Province]. Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and clinical features of the patients with 2019-nCoV infection in Nanyang City, so as to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: The epidemiology, clinical symptoms, atory and radiologic data of 150 patients with 2019-nCoV infection admitted to the designated hospitals in Nanyang City from January 24,2020 to February 16, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The 150 patients with 2019 nCov infection consisted of 67 men and 83 women, and the median age was 45±16 years; 69 of them were the first generation case,60 of them were the second generation case, 6 of them were the third generation case,the median incubation period of the first generation case was 5.4±2.2 days, and the second generation case was 6.7±3.1 days, and the first-generation cases are the majority in severe patients (69%) . 2020-04-16
Epidemiology of seasonal coronaviruses: Establishing the context for COVID-19 emergence. Here we describe the epidemiology of seasonal coronaviruses (sCoVs) and other cocirculating viruses in the West of Scotland, UK. 2020-04-30
Global Preparedness Against COVID-19: We Must Leverage the Power of Digital Health. We provide several use cases for infection control, home-based diagnosis and screening, empowerment through information, public health surveillance and epidemiology, and leveraging crowd-sourced data. 2020-04-21
Geographic Differences in COVID-19 Cases, Deaths, and Incidence - United States, February 12-April 7, 2020. Geographic differences in numbers of COVID-19 cases and deaths, cumulative incidence, and changes in incidence likely reflect a combination of jurisdiction-specific epidemiologic and population-level factors, including 1) the timing of COVID-19 introductions; 2) population density; 3) age distribution and prevalence of underlying medical conditions among COVID-19 patients (1-3); 4) the timing and extent of community mitigation measures; 5) diagnostic testing capacity; and 6) public health reporting practices. 2020-04-17
Hospitalization Rates and Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized with Laboratory-Confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 - COVID-NET, 14 States, March 1-30, 2020. Ongoing monitoring of hospitalization rates, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of hospitalized patients will be important to better understand the evolving epidemiology of COVID-19 in the United States and the clinical spectrum of disease, and to help guide planning and prioritization of health care system resources. 2020-04-16
Are we facing a crashing wave of neuropsychiatric sequelae of COVID-19? Neuropsychiatric symptoms and potential immunologic mechanisms. Therefore, prospective neuropsychiatric monitoring of individuals exposed to SARS-CoV-2 at various points in the life course, as well as their neuroimmune status, are needed to fully understand the long-term impact of COVID-19, and to establish a framework for integrating psychoneuroimmunology into epidemiologic studies of pandemics. 2020-04-24
COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 11 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 12 April 2020). The epidemiology differs from country to country depending not only on the disease, but also on differences in case detection, testing and implemented public health measures. 2020-04-21
A review of initial data on pregnancy during the COVID-19 outbreak: implications for assisted reproductive treatments. In this review, we summarize the latest research progress related to COVID-19 epidemiology and the reported data of pregnant women, and discuss the current evidence of COVID-19 infections during pregnancy and its potential consequences for assisted reproductive treatments. 2020-04-28
[Public health literacy in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic emergency]. Some of these elements are: a) epidemiologic intelligence. 2020-04-18
Epidemiology and clinical features of COVID-19: A review of current literature. Studies are rapidly published to share information regarding epidemiology, clinical and diagnostic patterns, and prognosis. 2020-05-28
Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of 26 Cases of COVID-19 Arising from Patient-to-Patient Transmission in Liaocheng, China. Most studies to date on COVID-19 have focused on disease etiology and the genomics of 2019-nCoV, with few reports on the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of infected patients. 2020-04-23
COVID-19 Clinical Trials: A Primer for the Cardiovascular and Cardio-Oncology Communities. Here we have provided a foundation for cardiovascular and cardio-oncology physicians who are on the frontline providing care to COVID-19 patients, so that they can better understand the emerging cardiovascular epidemiology of COVID-19, as well as the biological rationale for the clinical trials that are ongoing for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. 2020-05-31
Early epidemiological analysis of the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak based on crowdsourced data: a population-level observational study. We assessed trends in the epidemiology of COVID-19 and studied the outbreak progression across China, assessing delays between symptom onset, seeking care at a hospital or clinic, and reporting, before and after Jan 18, 2020, as awareness of the outbreak increased. 2020-04-23
Coronavirus Infections in Children Including COVID-19: An Overview of the Epidemiology, Clinical Features, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Options in Children. In this review, we summarize epidemiologic, clinical and diagnostic findings, as well as treatment and prevention options for common circulating and novel CoVs infections in humans with a focus on infections in children. 2020-04-24
COVID-19 and Thrombotic or Thromboembolic Disease: Implications for Prevention, Antithrombotic Therapy, and Follow-up. Herein, we review the current understanding of the pathogenesis, epidemiology, management and outcomes of patients with COVID-19 who develop venous or arterial thrombosis, and of those with preexisting thrombotic disease who develop COVID-19, or those who need prevention or care for their thrombotic disease during the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-04-23
Clinical features and short-term outcomes of 221 patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. We aimed to study the epidemiology, clinical features and short-term outcomes of patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. 2020-05-27
Tracing New Clinical Manifestations in Patients with COVID-19 in Chile and Its Potential Relationship with the SARS-CoV-2 Divergence. In this review, we discuss the current implications of the changing genomic epidemiology of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), etiological agent of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and its potential relationship with the change of clinical manifestations in patients with confirmed infection. […] SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 is changing not only its epidemiology, but also its genomic diversity and clinical manifestations, both aspects coupled, needs to be considered in the study of this ongoing pandemic. 2020-04-23
Coronavirus as silent killer: recent advancement to pathogenesis, therapeutic strategy and future perspectives. In this review, we are tried to explore the epidemiology, pathogenesis and current treatment of CoVs infection. 2020-04-23
COVID-19 Clinical Trials: A Primer for the Cardiovascular and Cardio-Oncology Communities. Here we have provided a foundation for cardiovascular and cardio-oncology physicians who are on the frontline providing care to COVID-19 patients, so that they can better understand the emerging cardiovascular epidemiology of COVID-19, as well as the biological rationale for the clinical trials that are ongoing for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. 2020-05-22
Pharmacologic Therapy for COVID-19 Infection. The COVID-19 pandemic has focused attention on issues of epidemiology, public health, and vaccine design. 2020-05-01
What’s New With the Old Coronaviruses? In this review, we discuss what is known about the virology, epidemiology, and disease associated with pediatric infection with the common community-acquired human coronaviruses, including species 229E, OC43, NL63, and HKU1, and the coronaviruses responsible for past world-wide epidemics due to severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. 2020-05-04
Current epidemiological and clinical features of COVID-19; a global perspective from China. Based on the published data, this review systematically discusses the etiology, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and current intervention measures related to COVID-19 in the hope that it may provide a reference for future studies and aid in the prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic. 2020-05-16
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Infection in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. The risk of bias for eligible observational studies was assessed according to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology reporting guideline. […] The rapid spread of COVID-19 across the globe and the lack of European and US data on pediatric patients require further epidemiologic and clinical studies to identify possible preventive and therapeutic strategies. 2020-04-22
COVID-19 Diagnostic and Management Protocol for Pediatric Patients. This review aims to verify the main epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory-related, and therapeutic aspects of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in critically ill pediatric patients. 2020-04-27
Epidemiology, genome, and clinical features of the pandemic SARS-CoV-2: a recent view. Various reports have suggested an in vivo evolution of the virus, which may explain the rapid spread and changing epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2, but further evidence is needed. 2020-04-26
Defending against the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak: How Can the Internet of Things (IoT) help to save the World? •IoT within infectious disease epidemiology is an emerging field of research, however the ubiquitous availability of smart technologies, as well as increased risks of infectious disease spread through the globalization and interconnectedness of the world necessitates its use for predicting, preventing and controlling emerging infectious diseases•Considering the present situation in China, IoT based smart disease surveillance systems have the potential to be a major breakthrough in efforts to control the current pandemic. 2020-04-26
Association of Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors With Severity or Risk of Death in Patients With Hypertension Hospitalized for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Infection in Wuhan, China. COVID-19 was confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and epidemiologic, clinical, radiologic, laboratory, and drug therapy data were analyzed in all patients. 2020-04-30
Diagnostic consideration and bedside estimation of the prognosis in COVID-19 patients We also cite the current national epidemiologic regulations of testing for novel coronavirus. […] In addition to the epidemiologic interventions aiming the deceleration of the outbreak, the early identification and the correct hospital treatment remain key issues since these may influence mortality. 2020-04-27
Coronavirus Disease Outbreak in Call Center, South Korea. We describe the epidemiology of a coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in a call center in South Korea. […] We obtained information on demographic characteristics by using standardized epidemiologic investigation forms. 2020-04-23
SBDiEM: A new Mathematical model of Infectious Disease Dynamics. Hence, rigorous mathematical epidemiology models can be utilized to combat epidemic outbreaks. 2020-04-27
Dental care during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak: operatory considerations and clinical aspects. The epidemiology, clinical signs and symptoms, and modes of transmission of COVID-19 are presented. 2020-04-27
[An analysis of global research on SARS-CoV-2]. All articles were categorized into epidemiology, clinical diagnosis and treatment, basic research, pregnant women and children, mental health, epidemic prevention & control, and others. 2020-04-27
SARS-CoV-2 causing pneumonia-associated respiratory disorder (COVID-19): diagnostic and proposed therapeutic options. Moreover, the review discusses different aspects of the COVID-19, including its epidemiology; incubation period; the general clinical features of patients; the clinical features of intensive care unit (ICU) patients; SARS-CoV-2 infection in the presence of co-morbid diseases and the clinical features of pediatric patients infected with the SARS-CoV-2. 2020-04-30
Hospital preparedness for COVID-19 pandemic: experience from department of medicine at Veterans Affairs Connecticut Healthcare System. According to epidemiologic predictions, the peak of this pandemic has still not been reached, and hospitals everywhere need to ensure readiness to care for more patients than they usually do, and safety for healthcare workers who strive to save lives. 2020-05-14
Air Medical Evacuation of Nepalese Citizen During Epidemic of COVID-19 from Wuhan to Nepal. With the help of Health Emergency Organizing committee, Epidemiology and Disease Control Division, Nepal Army Hospital, Nepal Police Hospital, Waste Management team, Nepal Ambulance service, Tribhuwan Airport and Royal Airlines the government of Nepal planned, organized and successfully brought back all the 175 students on 15 the February, 2019 from Wuhan, China. 2020-04-28
How Could This Happen? : Narrowing Down the Contagion of COVID-19 and Preventing Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). In this rapid commentary, a mini-review is given of the present state-of-knowledge regarding the etiology and epidemiology of the new coronavirus 2019-nCoV and the risks for developing Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). 2020-05-08
[Fix the Supply Side! Demand Stimulus Will Not Cure What Ails]. The German Society for Epidemiology has warned that the number of cases could soon overshoot the capacity of the healthcare system. 2020-04-30
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): Emergence, History, Basic and Clinical Aspects. This review article summarizes the developing situation surrounding the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic with respect to its epidemiology, unique genomic structure, possible origins, transmission, pathogenesis, comparison with other deadly species of Coronaviruses (CoV) and emerging treatment strategies built on informed literature. 2020-05-22
Combination of Biodata Mining and Computational Modelling in Identification and Characterization of ORF1ab Polyprotein of SARS-CoV-2 Isolated from Oronasopharynx of an Iranian Patient. Iran is one of the top ranked countries in the tables of COVID-19-infected and -mortality cases that make the Iranian patients as the potential targets for diversity of studies including epidemiology, biomedical, biodata, and viral proteins computational modelling studies. […] The results revealed that nsp1 as a virulence factor and crucial agent in spreading of the COVID-19 among the society can be a potential target for the future epidemiology, drug, and vaccine studies. 2020-04-30
SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) and intravascular volume management strategies in the critically ill. While knowledge regarding epidemiologic features and diagnostic tools of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rapidly evolving, uncertainties surrounding various aspects of its optimal management strategies persist. 2020-05-06
Focus on Mental Health During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: Applying Learnings from the Past Outbreaks. However, the unpreparedness of the nations, even with the advanced medical sciences and resources, has failed to address the mental health aspect amongst the public, as all efforts are focused on understanding the epidemiology, clinical features, transmission patterns, and management of COVID-19 pneumonia. 2020-04-30
Epidemiological characteristics and incubation period of 7,015 confirmed cases with Coronavirus Disease 2019 outside Hubei Province in China. We utilized confirmed cases outside Hubei Province to analyze epidemiologic characteristics and evaluate the effect of traffic restrictions implemented in Hubei beginning on January 23, 2020. 2020-05-06
Addressing the Impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic on Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: Learning Networks as a Means for Sharing Best Practices. This perspective paper reviews the following: current COVID-19 epidemiology, diagnosis, and potential therapies; care considerations unique to HCT recipients; and the concept of a learning network to assimilate emerging guidelines and best practices and to optimize patient outcomes through facilitating shared learning and experience across transplantation centers. 2020-05-07
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): A literature review. In this literature review, the causative agent, pathogenesis and immune responses, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and management of the disease, control and preventions strategies are all reviewed. 2020-05-05
Staffing with disease-based epidemiologic indices may reduce shortage of intensive care unit staff during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the light of lacking evidence for optimal staffing models in a pandemic, we hypothesized that staff shortage can be reduced when staff scheduling takes the epidemiology of a disease epidemic into account. […] Staffing along epidemiologic considerations may reduce HCW shortage by leveling the nadir from affected workforce. 2020-04-30
COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 12 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 19 April 2020). Interpretation of international epidemiology should be conducted with caution as it differs from country to country depending not only on the disease dynamics, but also on differences in case detection, testing and implemented public health measures. 2020-05-01
Otolaryngology during COVID-19: Preventive care and precautionary measures. Literatures on the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and infection control measures of COVID-19 were reviewed, practical knowledge from first-line otolaryngologists in China, the United States, and Brazil were reviewed and collated. 2020-05-03
Serological assays for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), March 2020. Heparinised plasma appeared to reduce the infectivity of the virus challenge dose and may confound interpretation of neutralisation test.ConclusionUsing IgG ELISA based on the RBD of the spike protein to screen sera for SARS-CoV-2 antibody, followed by confirmation using PRNT90, is a valid approach for large-scale sero-epidemiology studies. 2020-05-01
Neurosurgical activity during COVID-19 pandemic: an expert opinion from China, South Korea, Italy, United Stated of America, Colombia and United Kingdom. The first part focused on the epidemiology until that date. 2020-04-29
National Response to COVID-19 in the Republic of Korea and Lessons Learned for Other Countries. Facilitators included existing hospital capacity, the epidemiology of the COVID-19 outbreak, and strong national leadership despite political changes and population sensitization due to the 2015 Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV) epidemic. 2020-05-04
Global reporting of cases of COVID-19 in psoriasis and atopic dermatitis: an opportunity to inform care during a pandemic. We wish to bring your attention to the PsoPROTECT (Psoriasis Patient Registry for Outcomes, Therapy and Epidemiology of Covid-19 infecTion) and SECURE-AD (Surveillance Epidemiology of Coronavirus Under Research Exclusion-Atopic Dermatitis) registries; two urgent global initiatives that address an unmet need for delineating the determinants of COVID-19 outcomes in the common cutaneous immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. 2020-04-29
Becoming a Faithful Defender: Traditional Chinese Medicine against Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Therefore, on the basis of epidemiology and virology information, we reviewed relevant meta-analysis and clinical studies of anti-coronavirus therapeutics by TCM, in the aspect of mortality, symptom improvement, duration and dosage of corticosteroid, incidence of complications and the like. 2020-04-30
Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in newborns and infants: what we know so far. This review provides an overview of the knowledge on SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology, transmission, the associated clinical presentation and outcomes in newborns and infants up to 6 months of life. 2020-05-01
Epidemiologic characteristics of traumatic fractures in elderly patients during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. This study aimed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of fracture in the elderly during the COVID-19. 2020-05-07
Cardiovascular Risks in Patients with COVID-19: Potential Mechanisms and Areas of Uncertainty. Robust epidemiologic and biologic studies are urgently needed to better understand the mechanism underlying these associations to develop better therapies. 2020-05-04
Characterizing the Impact of COVID-19 on Men Who Have Sex with Men Across the United States in April, 2020. While additional studies of COVID-19 epidemiology among MSM are needed, there is already evidence of emerging interruptions to HIV-related services. 2020-05-09
It’s not over until it’s over: the chameleonic behavior of COVID-19 over a six-day period. The current global outbreak of COVID-19 represents a major challenge in terms of epidemiology, contagiousness, treatment, as well as clinical and radiological behavior of this disease. 2020-05-13
Epidemiology and transmission of COVID-19 in 391 cases and 1286 of their close contacts in Shenzhen, China: a retrospective cohort study. Our data on cases as well as their infected and uninfected close contacts provide key insights into the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-05-05
Trends and prediction in daily incidence of novel coronavirus infection in China, Hubei Province and Wuhan City: an application of Farr’s law. Farr’s law is a classic epidemiology theory/practice for predicting epidemics. 2020-05-05
To mask or not to mask: Modeling the potential for face mask use by the general public to curtail the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, mask use decreases the effective transmission rate in nearly linear proportion to the product of mask effectiveness (as a fraction of potentially infectious contacts blocked) and coverage rate (as a fraction of the general population), while the impact on epidemiologic outcomes (death, hospitalizations) is highly nonlinear, indicating masks could synergize with other non-pharmaceutical measures. 2020-05-05
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF 28 PATIENTS WITH DIABETES AND COVID-19 IN WUHAN, CHINA. Epidemiologic, demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were analyzed. Results: The average age of the 28 patients was 68.6 ± 9.0 years. 2020-05-01
Advanced Pulmonary and Cardiac Support of COVID-19 Patients: Emerging Recommendations From ASAIO-a Living Working Document. We review the rapidly changing epidemiology, pathophysiology, emerging therapy, and clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019; and based on these data and previous experience with artificial cardiopulmonary support strategies, particularly in the setting of infectious diseases, provide consensus recommendations from American Society for Artificial Internal Organs. 2020-05-05
COVID-19 Deaths: Are We Sure It Is Pneumonia? Please, Autopsy, Autopsy, Autopsy! Defining the pathophysiology of death is not only limited to forensic considerations; it may also provide useful clinical and epidemiologic insights. 2020-05-04
Advanced Pulmonary and Cardiac Support of COVID-19 Patients: Emerging Recommendations From ASAIO-A “Living Working Document”. We review the rapidly changing epidemiology, pathophysiology, emerging therapy, and clinical outcomes of COVID-19; and based on these data and previous experience with artificial cardiopulmonary support strategies, particularly in the setting of infectious diseases, provide consensus recommendations from ASAIO. 2020-05-30
Clinical Course of COVID-19 in a Liver Transplant Recipient on Hemodialysis and Response to Tocilizumab Therapy: A Case Report. There are limited published data on the epidemiology and outcomes of COVID-19 infection among organ transplant recipients. 2020-05-02
Genomic Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 in Guangdong Province, China. In order to understand the molecular epidemiology and genetic diversity of SARS-CoV-2 in China, we generated 53 genomes from infected individuals in Guangdong using a combination of metagenomic sequencing and tiling amplicon approaches. 2020-05-29
Characteristics of Endodontic Emergencies during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak in Wuhan. Body temperature was measured and acquired for each patient, a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemiologic investigation questionnaire was given to each patient, an endodontic diagnosis was determined for the offending tooth, and a verbal numerical rating scale (VNRS) was used to record pain levels. 2020-05-26
Clinical features of pediatric patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). All children had positive epidemiologic histories, 12 (12/16, 75 %) involving family units. 2020-05-27
COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 13 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 26 April 2020). Interpretation of international epidemiology should be conducted with caution as it differs from country to country depending not only on the disease dynamics, but also on differences in case detection, testing and implemented public health measures. 2020-05-05
Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of heart transplant recipients during the 2019 coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China: A descriptive survey report. The epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of heart transplant (HTx) recipients during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic remains unclear. 2020-05-07
Intensive care during the 2019-coronavirus epidemic. This narrative literature review aims to gather the main contributions in the area of intensive care to date in relation to the epidemiology, clinic, diagnosis and management of 2019-nCoViD. 2020-05-04
COVID-19, Modern Pandemic: A Systematic Review From Front-Line Health Care Providers’ Perspective. The main aim of this systematic review is to provide a comprehensive clinical summary of all the available data from high-quality research articles relevant to the epidemiology, demographics, trends in hospitalization and outcomes, clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment methods of COVID-19, thus increasing awareness in health care providers. 2020-05-07
A mild type of childhood Covid-19 - A case report. This case is about a 9-year-old child diagnosed with COVID-19, with a history of epidemiology; SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acids testing was positive, while chest CT examination was negative. 2020-05-04
Art of prevention: Life in the time of coronavirus. Early epidemiologic studies of viral spread support the hypothesis that COVID-19 can remain latent with an extended and infectious incubation period. 2020-05-07
Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. The epidemiology of emotional disorders is greatly influenced by stressful events. 2020-05-07
Evidence Supporting Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 While Presymptomatic or Asymptomatic. Recent epidemiologic, virologic, and modeling reports support the possibility of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission from persons who are presymptomatic (SARS-CoV-2 detected before symptom onset) or asymptomatic (SARS-CoV-2 detected but symptoms never develop). 2020-05-04
Nosocomial Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia in Wuhan, China. We collected and analysed data on exposure history, illness timelines, and epidemiologic characteristics of 25 laboratory-confirmed and two highly suspected HCWs as well as ten of their family members with COVID-19 from Jan 5 to Feb 12, 2020. 2020-05-05
Guidance for the management of adult patients with coronavirus disease 2019. This article summarized the understanding of the etiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention and control measures of COVID-19 based on the available data and anti-epidemic experience in China. 2020-05-05
Outbreak dynamics of COVID-19 in Europe and the effect of travel restrictions. Here we combine a global network mobility model with a local epidemiology model to simulate and predict the outbreak dynamics and outbreak control of COVID-19 across Europe. […] We correlate our mobility model to passenger air travel statistics and calibrate our epidemiology model using the number of reported COVID-19 cases for each country. […] Ultimately, our network epidemiology model can inform political decision making and help identify exit strategies from current travel restrictions and total lockdown. 2020-05-31
Epidemiological characteristics of confirmed COVID-19 in Guizhou province, China. To explore the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 associated with SARS-Cov-2 in Guizhou province, and to compare the differences in epidemiology with other provinces. 2020-05-28
The Indian perspective of COVID-19 outbreak. The present study review is on the general continent, virology, pathogenesis, global epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment and control of COVID-19 with the reference to India. 2020-05-07
Considerations for pharmacoepidemiological analyses in the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. In this paper, endorsed by the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology, we provide methodological considerations for the conduct of pharmacoepidemiological studies in relation to the pandemic across eight domains: (1) timeliness of evidence, including the need to prioritise some questions over others in the acute phase of the pandemic; (2) the need to align observational and interventional research on efficacy; (3) the specific challenges related to “real-time epidemiology” during an ongoing pandemic; (4) what design to use to answer a specific question; (5) considerations on the definition of exposures; (6) what covariates to collect; (7) considerations on the definition of outcomes; and (8) the need for transparent reporting. 2020-05-21
Computational analysis of SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 surveillance by wastewater-based epidemiology locally and globally: Feasibility, economy, opportunities and challenges. With the economic and practical limits of medical screening for SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 coming sharply into focus worldwide, scientists are turning now to wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) as a potential tool for assessing and managing the pandemic. 2020-05-31
Rapid implementation of mobile technology for real-time epidemiology of COVID-19. We established the COronavirus Pandemic Epidemiology (COPE) consortium to bring together scientists with expertise in big data research and epidemiology to develop a COVID-19 Symptom Tracker mobile application that we launched in the UK on March 24, 2020 and the US on March 29, 2020 garnering more than 2.8 million users as of May 2, 2020. […] This initiative offers critical proof-of-concept for the repurposing of existing approaches to enable rapidly scalable epidemiologic data collection and analysis which is critical for a data-driven response to this public health challenge. 2020-05-09
The COronavirus Pandemic Epidemiology (COPE) Consortium: A Call to Action. We established the COronavirus Pandemic Epidemiology (COPE) consortium to address this unprecedented crisis on behalf of the epidemiology research community. […] As a central component of this initiative, we have developed a COVID-19 Symptom Tracker mobile application as a common data collection tool for epidemiologic cohort studies with active study participants. […] The linkage of symptom data collected in the app with information and biospecimens already collected in epidemiology cohorts will position us to address key questions related to diet, lifestyle, environmental and socioeconomic factors on susceptibility to COVID-19, clinical outcomes related to infection, and long-term physical, mental health, and financial sequalae. […] We call upon additional epidemiology cohorts to join this collective effort to strengthen our impact on the current health crisis and generate a new model for a collaborative and nimble research infrastructure that will lead to more rapid translation of our work for the betterment of public health. 2020-05-09
The viral, epidemiologic, clinical characteristics and potential therapy options for COVID-19: a review. Meanwhile, we analyzed the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19, in order to provide recommendations for present clinical treatments and inspirations for potential therapy options. 2020-05-08
An update on the status of COVID-19: a comprehensive review. In this review, we focus on our current understanding of epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapeutics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). 2020-05-08
[Venous thrombotic risk related to SARS-CoV-2 : prevalence, recommendations and perspectives]. In this narrative review, we summarize available epidemiologic data on venous thromboembolism and recommendations on thromboprophylaxis in COVID-19. 2020-05-08
SARS-CoV-2 viral spike G614 mutation exhibits higher case fatality rate. The prevalence of this form of the virus should also be included in epidemiologic models predicting the COVID-19 health burden and fatality over time in specific regions. 2020-05-06
COVID-19: Review of Epidemiology and Potential Treatments Against 2019 Novel Coronavirus. This manuscript reviews the epidemiology, etiology, mortality, COVID-19 clinical symptoms, and potential therapeutic drugs, while highlighting the seriousness and damage-induced by SARS-CoV-2. 2020-05-09
COVID-19: POSTMORTEM DIAGNOSTIC AND BIOSAFETY CONSIDERATIONS. While in some cases a history of fever and/or respiratory distress (e.g. cough or shortness of breath) may suggest the diagnosis, epidemiologic studies indicate that the majority of individuals infected with COVID-19 develop mild to no symptoms. 2020-05-09
A Typical Case of Critically Ill Infant of Coronavirus Disease 2019 With Persistent Reduction of T Lymphocytes. Epidemiology, clinical characteristics, treatment, laboratory data and follow-up information and the treatment of critically ill infant were recorded. 2020-05-08
Estimating The Infection Fatality Rate Among Symptomatic COVID-19 Cases In The United States. When used with other estimating approaches, our model and our estimates can help disease and policy modelers to obtain more accurate predictions for the epidemiology of the disease and the impact of alternative policy levers to contain this pandemic. 2020-05-07
Improving Detection and Response to Respiratory Events - Kenya, April 2016-April 2020. DaRRE initiatives support the four of 11 GHSA technical areas that CDC focuses on: surveillance, laboratory capacity, emergency operations, and workforce development. In 2016, Kenya was selected to pilot DaRRE because of its existing respiratory disease surveillance and laboratory platforms and well-developed Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP) (2). 2020-05-08
Biomedical Research in Times of Emergency: Lessons From History. But history also demonstrates the importance of treating early results-such as those associated with hydroxychloroquine-with caution as we only begin to understand the biology, epidemiology, and potential target points of COVID-19. 2020-05-08
Lessons from COVID-19 in children: Key hypotheses to guide preventative and therapeutic strategies. Consistent epidemiologic evidence of reduced severity of infection in children across different populations and countries suggests there are underlying biologic differences between children and adults that mediate differential disease pathogenesis. 2020-05-29
Evaluation of SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies using a CPE-based colorimetric live virus micro-neutralization assay in human serum samples. The micro-neutralization assay is a fundamental test in virology, immunology, vaccine assessment, and epidemiology studies. 2020-05-18
Structural Vulnerability in the United States Revealed in Three Waves of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). We describe three overlapping epidemiologic waves of spread of COVID-19 linked to three different kinds of structural vulnerabilities. 2020-05-08
Clinical Characteristics of and Medical Interventions for COVID-19 in Hemodialysis Patients in Wuhan, China. We reviewed epidemiologic and clinical data of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 between January 1, 2020 and March 10, 2020. 2020-05-09
[Visualization analysis on treatment of coronavirus based on knowledge graph]. The main subject words were divided into three main categories, namely, CoVs epidemiology, basic research and drug development, in which basic research and drug development were strongly correlated. 2020-05-12
Unprecedented action has been taken to contain the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 in China. Significant improvement regarding the pathogenesis, epidemiology, and diagnosis and therapy for the COVID-19 has been achieved to stop the spread of the epidemics. 2020-05-13
First confirmed detection of SARS-CoV-2 in untreated wastewater in Australia: A proof of concept for the wastewater surveillance of COVID-19 in the community. Therefore, the quantification of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater affords the ability to monitor the prevalence of infections among the population via wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE). 2020-05-19
The powerful immune system against powerful COVID-19: A hypothesis. Epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 have been reported but the factors affecting the immune system against COVID-19 have not been well described. 2020-05-18
From SARS to COVID-19: What we have learned about children infected with COVID-19. In the review, we draw upon the lessons learnt from SARS in the epidemiology, clinical characteristics and pathogenesis for further understand the features of COVID-19. 2020-05-14
Clinical Features and Outcomes of 98 Patients Hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Daegu, South Korea: A Brief Descriptive Study. Although some information on the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and a few selected cases has been reported, data on the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized therewith in South Korea are lacking. 2020-05-12
Role of the Eye in Transmitting Human Coronavirus: What We Know and What We Do Not Know. In this review, we describe the genomics and morphology of human CoVs, the epidemiology, systemic and ophthalmic manifestations, and mechanisms of human CoV infection, and recommendations for infection control procedures. 2020-05-15
[Principles and suggestions on biosafety protection of biological specimen preservation during prevalence of COVID-19]. According to the related national rules and the corresponding guidelines of Chinese Medical Association, this paper introduced the etiology about SARS-CoV-2, epidemiology about COVID-19, and the biosafety protection principles of individuals and biological specimen storage places in the process of personal protection, protection of collection, transport, handling, preservation, detection, post-detection disposal and emergencies of biological specimen. 2020-05-12
SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19): What do we know about children? A systematic review. Few paediatric cases of COVID-19 have been reported and we know little about the epidemiology in children, though more is known about other coronaviruses. 2020-05-29
Virus detections among patients with severe acute respiratory illness, Northern Vietnam. Initial screening for human respiratory viral pathogens was performed in Hanoi, Vietnam at the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE) or the Military Institute of Preventative Medicine (MIPM), and an aliquot was shipped to Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore for validation. 2020-05-30
A Systematic Review Analyzing the Prevalence and Circulation of Influenza Viruses in Swine Population Worldwide. In this context, the currently available scientific data hold a high significance to unravel influenza virus epidemiology and evolution. 2020-05-13
SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19: Viral Genomics, Epidemiology, Vaccines, and Therapeutic Interventions. To address this global crisis, up-to-date information on viral genomics and transcriptomics is crucial for understanding the origins and global dispersion of the virus, providing insights into viral pathogenicity, transmission, and epidemiology, and enabling strategies for therapeutic interventions, drug discovery, and vaccine development. […] Therefore, this review provides a comprehensive overview of COVID-19 epidemiology, genomic etiology, findings from recent transcriptomic map analysis, viral-human protein interactions, molecular diagnostics, and the current status of vaccine and novel therapeutic intervention development. 2020-05-19
COVID-19 in Children, Pregnancy and Neonates: A Review of Epidemiologic and Clinical Features. In this review, we summarize the epidemiologic and clinical features of children infected with SARS-CoV-2 reported in pediatric case series to date. 2020-05-18
Initial success in the identification and management of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) indicates human-to-human transmission in Wuhan, China. We summarized epidemiology, virological characteristics, clinical symptoms, diagnostic methods, clinical treatments, and prevention methods for COVID-19 to present a reference for the future wave of probable CoV outbreaks. 2020-05-15
Correlations of Online Search Engine Trends With Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Incidence: Infodemiology Study. The aim of this study is to apply digital epidemiology to the current COVID-19 pandemic to determine the utility of providing adjunctive epidemiologic information on outbreaks of this disease and evaluate this methodology in the case of future pandemics. […] An epidemiologic time series analysis of online search trends relating to the COVID-19 pandemic was performed from January 9, 2020, to April 6, 2020. […] This study demonstrates the utility of digital epidemiology in providing helpful surveillance data of disease outbreaks like COVID-19. 2020-05-27
Novel human coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): A lesson from animal coronaviruses. The novel coronavirus (CoV) recognises, with high probability, a zoonotic origin but the role of animals in the SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology is still largely unknown. 2020-05-15
Towards effective diagnostic assays for COVID-19: a review. Accurate diagnoses of cases is key in managing the pandemic by identification, isolation and treatment of patients and defining the epidemiology of the virus. 2020-05-14
Assessing changes in US public trust in science amid the Covid-19 pandemic. The emergence of the Covid-19 and subsequent pandemic has led to the most substantive large-scale, open, and public social discussion of epidemiology and science in recent history. […] Continued examination of these trends is important for understanding public response to epidemiologic recommendations. 2020-05-14
Precautions and recommendations for orthodontic settings during the COVID-19 outbreak: A review. The objective of this review is to report to orthodontists on the emergence, epidemiology, risks, and precautions during disease crisis. 2020-05-14
Awareness and preparedness of Field Epidemiology Training Program graduates in the Eastern Mediterranean Region to respond to COVID-19: A cross-section study. The Field Epidemiology Training Program (FETP) is a 2-year training program in applied epidemiology. […] The questionnaire comprised a series of questions pertaining to socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of the epidemiology of COVID-19, and preparedness to respond to COVID-19. […] The FETP graduates in Jordan, Sudan, and Yemen were fully aware of the epidemiology COVID-19 and the safety measures and they are well positioned to investigate and respond to COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-05-14
COVID-19 crisis in Jordan: Response, scenarios, strategies, and recommendations. It is also recommended to increase and expand resources of intensive care units including respirators, increase the capacity and the number of trained health staff in the area of public health and epidemiology, ensure continued provision of essential public health programs and mobilize the resources of non-governmental sector and donors to provide services for refugees and vulnerable populations. 2020-05-14
Genomic epidemiology, evolution, and transmission dynamics of porcine deltacoronavirus. Here, we implemented and described an approach to analyze the epidemiology of PDCoV following its emergence in the pig population. 2020-05-14
Identifying Research Trends and Gaps in the Context of COVID-19. In the research sector, there have been significant changes, and new research is coming very strongly in the related fields of virology and epidemiology. […] Significant progress is observed in the past research related to virology, epidemiology, infectious diseases among others. 2020-05-19
Complete Genome Sequences of SARS-CoV-2 Strains Detected in Malaysia. Genome sequencing is important for understanding local epidemiology. 2020-05-22
Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Viral Hepatitis coinfection: Provide guidelines for integrated screening and treatment. We also call for guidelines for management and treatment as well as research to understand the epidemiology of coinfection This article is protected by copyright. 2020-05-15
Quarantine of the Covid-19 pandemic in suicide: A psychological autopsy. The epidemiology of suicide has identified numerous psychiatric and occupational risk factors. 2020-05-15
Optimizing screening strategies for coronavirus disease 2019: A study from Middle China. This study aimed to clarify the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 outside of Hubei province, China, and to optimize screening strategies for COVID-19 in attempts to contain spread of the virus. […] The epidemiology and clinical characteristic of these cases were investigated according to outcome in attempts to optimize screening strategies for COVID-19. 2020-05-16
First experience of SARS-CoV-2 infections in solid organ transplant recipients in the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study. We performed a multicenter nationwide observational study within the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study (STCS) to describe the epidemiology, clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes of the first microbiologically documented SARS-CoV-2 infection among SOT recipients. 2020-05-15
Complex Reporting of the COVID-19 Epidemic in the Czech Republic: Use of an Interactive Web-Based App in Practice. Due to an urgent need for a tool that presents important reports based on valid data sources, a team of government experts and researchers focused on the design and development of a web app intended to provide a regularly updated overview of COVID-19 epidemiology in the Czech Republic to the general population. 2020-05-29
Mental Health Interventions during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Conceptual Framework by Early Career Psychiatrists. The emergence of mental health (MH) problems during a pandemic is extremely common, though difficult to address due to the complexities of pandemics and the scarcity of evidence about the epidemiology of pandemic-related MH problems and the potential interventions to tackle them. […] The CF was prepared based on the extant literature and the views discussed in this group; it illustrates the epidemiology of MH problems, preparedness plans, stage-specific plans or innovative solutions, opportunities to integrate those plans and possible outcomes at policy level. 2020-05-30
COVID-19 knowledge prevents biologics discontinuation: Data from an Italian multicenter survey during RED-ZONE declaration. An ad hoc, validated questionnaire has 44 items investigating the following domains: knowledge of COVID-19 related to (a) epidemiology, (b) pathogenesis, (c) clinical symptoms, (d) preventive measures, and (e) attitudes. […] At the multivariate logistic regression, only the knowledge of epidemiology and preventive measures resulted independent predictors of continuation vs discontinuation and modification vs no modification, respectively. 2020-05-28
Perspectives on challenges and opportunities for birth defects surveillance programs during and after the COVID-19 era. We discuss possible effects on clinical birth defect diagnoses, routine birth defects surveillance system activities, and epidemiologic considerations, as well as opportunities for mitigating the impact of COVID-19. 2020-05-16
Management of Gynecology Patients during COVID-19 Pandemic: Chinese Expert Consensus. In our guidelines, we describe basic infection precaution principles, an epidemiologic screening tool, prioritization of surgical procedures, and operating room requirements. 2020-05-19
Management of primary cutaneous lymphoma patients during COVID-19 pandemic: EORTC CLTF guidelines Maarten Vermeer. During severe inflammatory coronavirus infectious disease (CoVID-19) pandemic and based on evidence on COVID-19 epidemiology, patients with primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs) have risk for developing complicated COVID-19 infections in consideration of their older age (majority above 60) and their potential underlying predisposing conditions (e.g. hypertension, diabetes).1,2,3 Moreover, PCL patients with aggressive biologic behavior should be carefully monitored according to guidelines for patients with neoplastic disease. 2020-05-16
Early SARS-CoV-2 outbreak detection by sewage-based epidemiology. Sewage Epidemiology or Waste Based Epidemiology (WBE) approach has been successfully used to track and provide early warnings of outbreaks of pathogenic viruses such as Hepatitis A, Poliovirus and Norovirus. 2020-05-28
Erratum: COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 14 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 3 May 2020). An error in data processing resulted in the tabulation of incorrect crude case fatality rate values, for age groups of 50-59 and above, in Table 5 (Crude Case Fatality Rate of all cases and hospitalised cases, by age group) as originally published in the COVID-19 (Australia) epidemiology report 14. 2020-05-19
Epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2. Epidemiology characteristics of patients will be traced based on current information. 2020-05-18
Molecular Targets for the Testing of COVID-19. Research priorities include infection control, epidemiology, clinical characterization and management, detection methods (including viral RNA detection, viral antigen detection, and serum antibody detection), therapeutics (neutralizing antibody and small molecule drugs), vaccines, and SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis. 2020-05-18
[Epidemiological Aspects, Clinic And Control Mechanisms Of Sars-Cov-2pandemic: Situation In Spain]. In general, the epidemic control measures used so far have been based on adoption of interventions from the classical epidemiology, identifying and isolating the cases, following the contacts and establishing restrictions, including quarantine, closure of educational centers, avoiding events in which crowds of people occur, limiting mobility. 2020-05-18
Three months of COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. This review analyses information on progression of the pandemic in the past 3 months and systematically discusses the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2019 virus including its epidemiologic, pathophysiologic, and clinical manifestations. 2020-05-18
Current laboratory diagnostics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The availability of rapid tests for detecting either viral antigens or anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies are a potentially viable opportunity for purposes of epidemiologic surveillance, though more information is needed on accuracy and reliability of these portable immunoassays. 2020-05-26
Novel coronavirus infection and children. We searched Pubmed, from January to April 2020, for the following search terms: “COVID-19”, “children”, “SARS-COV2”, “complications”, “epidemiology”, “clinical features”, focusing our attention mostly on epidemiology and symptoms of COVID-19 in children. 2020-05-26
Variation in False-Negative Rate of Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction-Based SARS-CoV-2 Tests by Time Since Exposure. If clinical suspicion is high, infection should not be ruled out on the basis of RT-PCR alone, and the clinical and epidemiologic situation should be carefully considered. 2020-05-23
No Autopsies on COVID-19 Deaths: A Missed Opportunity and the Lockdown of Science. Autopsy should be considered mandatory to define the exact cause of death, thus providing useful clinical and epidemiologic information as well as pathophysiological insights to further provide therapeutic tools. 2020-05-19
The Rationale for Potential Pharmacotherapy of COVID-19. COVID-19 is being increasingly investigated through virology, epidemiology, and clinical management strategies. 2020-05-19
An overview of COVID-19. Meanwhile, recent research has revealed critical aspects of SARS-CoV-2 biology and disease pathogenesis; other studies have focused on epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, management, as well as drug and vaccine development. 2020-05-20
Corticosteroids, but not TNF Antagonists, are Associated with Adverse COVID-19 Outcomes in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Results from an International Registry. Surveillance Epidemiology of Coronavirus Under Research Exclusion for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (SECURE-IBD) is a large, international registry created to monitor outcomes of IBD patients with confirmed COVID-19. 2020-05-22
Swine enteric alphacoronavirus (swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus): An update three years after its discovery. This review summarizes the emergence of SeACoV and updates the research progress made from 2017 to early 2020, mainly focusing on the etiology, epidemiology, evolutionary perspective, potential for interspecies transmission, pathogenesis and diagnosis. 2020-05-23
[Pandemic COVID-19, the new health emergency of international concern: a review]. The purpose of this review is to study the most relevant and current information on the pathogen, as well as epidemiology, pathology, clinical features, transmission, prevention, and treatment of the disease. 2020-05-19
Current Scenario of COVID-19 in Pediatric Age Group and Physiology of Immune and Thymus response. Therefore, in this review, we outline the epidemiology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, possible immune response and role of thymus in children to combat the COVID-19 outbreak. 2020-05-22
Impact of shelter-in-place order for COVID-19 on trauma activations: Santa Clara County, California, March 2020. There were no other statistically significant changes to the epidemiology of trauma activations. […] Overall trauma activations decreased 4.8-fold after the shelter-in-place order went into effect in Santa Clara County on 16 March 2020, with no other effect on the epidemiology of persons presenting after traumatic injury. 2020-05-22
The Viral Infection and Respiratory Illness Universal Study (VIRUS): An International Registry of Coronavirus 2019-Related Critical Illness. Large areas of uncertainly regarding epidemiology, physiology, practice patterns, and resource demands for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 require rapid collection and dissemination of data. 2020-05-22
Metastatic melanoma treatment with check point inhibitors in the COVID-19 era: experience from an Italian Skin Cancer Unit. Melanoma epidemiology has shown a constant increase in the last few decades even if mortality is low and only a small percentage of patients develop metastatic disease. 2020-05-19
A multi-hazards earth science perspective on the COVID-19 pandemic: the potential for concurrent and cascading crises. COVID-19 epidemiologic conditions at the time of a natural hazard event might also influence the characteristics of emergency and humanitarian responses (e.g. evacuation and sheltering procedures, resource availability, implementation modalities, and assistance types). 2020-05-22
Anti-Coagulant and Anti-Platelet Therapy in the COVID-19 Patient: A Best Practices Quality Initiative Across a Large Health System. This disease and its worldwide impact have sparked tremendous interest in the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical consequences of COVID-19. 2020-05-20
Global Ranking of COVID-19-Related Mortality by Country using a Novel Pandemic Efficiency Index (PEI). As the pandemic evolves, there is an urgent need to better understand its epidemiology, characterize its potential impact, and identify mitigatory strategies to avert pandemic-related mortality. 2020-05-23
Where Have All the Fractures Gone? The Epidemiology of Pediatric Fractures During the COVID-19 Pandemic. A resulting change in pediatric fracture epidemiology is expected. 2020-05-20
A chronicle of SARS-CoV-2: Part-I - Epidemiology, diagnosis, prognosis, transmission and treatment. The review explicitly covers the aspects like genome and pedigree of SARS-CoV-2; epidemiology, prognosis, pathogenesis, symptoms and diagnosis of COVID-19 in order to catalog the right information on transmission route, and influence of environmental factors on virus transmissions, for the robust understanding of right strategical steps for proper COVID-19 management. 2020-05-29
Viral and host factors related to the clinical outcome of COVID-19. In this ongoing pandemic, public health concerns and the urgent need for effective therapeutic measures require a deep understanding of its epidemiology, transmissibility and pathogenesis. 2020-05-20
Psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic outbreak. Currently all efforts are focused on the understanding of epidemiology, clinical features, mode of transmission, counteract the spread of the virus, and challenges of global health, while crucially significant mental health has been overlooked in this endeavor. 2020-05-21
Response to SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in a Non-COVID-19 Designated Latin-American Neurosurgery Department. Subsequently, a questionnaire with epidemiologic, radiologic, clinical, and serologic criteria will be applied to determine the risk of COVID-19 infection to define to which area they are going to be transferred according to the different risk zones in our facility. 2020-05-23
Dynamics of Population Immunity Due to the Herd Effect in the COVID-19 Pandemic. In epidemiology, herd immunity is presented as an area that could also solve this new global threat. […] In this review, we present the basis of herd immunology, the dynamics of infection transmission that induces specific immunity, and how the application of immunoepidemiology and herd immunology could be used to control the actual COVID-19 pandemic, along with a discussion of its effectiveness, limitations, and applications. 2020-05-22
CT Scanning in Suspected Stroke or Head Trauma: Is it Worth to go the Extra Mile and Include the Chest to Screen for COVID-19 Infection? Correlation of chest CT results with epidemiologic history and clinical presentation, along with real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, is needed for confirmation. 2020-05-29
The EPICENTRE (ESPNIC Covid pEdiatric Neonatal Registry) initiative: background and protocol for the international SARS-CoV-2 infections registry. The European Society for Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC) launched the EPICENTRE (ESPNIC Covid pEdiatric Neonatal Registry) international, multicenter, and multidisciplinary initiative to study the epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of pediatric and neonatal SARS-CoV-2 infections. […] EPICENTRE is open to centers all over the world, and this will allow to provide a pragmatic picture of the epidemic, with a particular attention to pediatric and neonatal critical care issues.Conclusions: EPICENTRE will allow researchers to clarify the epidemiology, clinical presentation, and outcomes of pediatric and neonatal SARS-CoV-2 infection, refining its clinical management and hopefully providing new insights for clinicians.What is Known:• COVID19 is the new disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and is spreading around the globe. […] • EPICENTRE will allow to understand epidemiology and physiopathology of COVID19. 2020-05-25
Unpredictable Fall of Severe Emergent Cardiovascular Diseases Hospital Admissions During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Experience of a Single Large Center in Northern Italy. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic impact of Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic on hospital admission for severe emergent cardiovascular diseases (SECDs) in a single Northern Italy large tertiary referral center. 2020-05-22
A case series describing the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infection in Jilin Province. Since its outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province China, 2019-coronavirus infected disease (COVID-19) had been widely spread all over the world, the control of which calls for a better understanding of its epidemiology and clinical characteristics. 2020-05-27
Characterization of an asymptomatic cohort of SARS-COV-2 infected individuals outside of Wuhan, China. Here, we aimed to further clarify the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections. 2020-05-22
Epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of critically ill adults with COVID-19 in New York City: a prospective cohort study. Data on the epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of critically ill patients with COVID-19 in this setting are needed. 2020-05-26
Incidence, clinical outcomes, and transmission dynamics of severe coronavirus disease 2019 in California and Washington: prospective cohort study. To understand the epidemiology and burden of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) during the first epidemic wave on the west coast of the United States. 2020-05-28
A Guide to COVID-19: a global pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Here, we provide an overview of SARS-CoV-2 by analyzing its virology, epidemiology, and modes of transmission while examining the current progress of testing procedures and possible treatments through drugs and vaccines. 2020-05-23
The Use of Decision Modelling to Inform Timely Policy Decisions on Cardiac Resource Capacity during the COVID-19 Pandemic. We provided predictions based on COVID-19 epidemiology available in real-time, in 3 phases. […] Second, with better local epidemiology data, we predicted that across five regions of Ontario, there may be insufficient resources to resume all elective outpatient cardiac procedures. 2020-05-27
Clinical Insights into the Gastrointestinal Manifestations of COVID-19. Moreover, the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnostic procedures, treatments and prevention of the gastrointestinal manifestations of COVID-19 remain to be elucidated. 2020-05-27
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): An updated review based on current knowledge and existing literature for dermatologists. Several studies, since then, have tried to study and explain the origin of SARS-CoV-2, its structure and pathogenicity, epidemiology, modes of transmission, spectrum of illness and causes of mortality and morbidity. 2020-05-24
Mysterious Virus: A Review on Behavior and Treatment Approaches of the Novel Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV. In the present article, we made an attempt to review the behavior of the virus around the world, epidemiology, a pathway for influx into the host cells, clinical presentation, as well as the treatments currently in use and future approaches; nitazoxanide may be our dream drug. 2020-05-27
Gender differences in patients with COVID-19: a narrative review. The aim of this narrative review is to underline gender differences in epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnosis, prognosis and mortality of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. 2020-05-26
[The analysis of clinical characteristics of 34 novel coronavirus pneumonia cases in Ningxia Hui autonomous region]. The general information, clinical symptoms, blood test, virus nucleic acid test results, epidemiology, CT imaging, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. 2020-05-26
Chest CT-based differential diagnosis of 28 patients with suspected corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). There were no significant differences between the 12 confirmed COVID-19 (SARS-Cov-2-positive) patients and 16 SARS-CoV-2-negative patients in epidemiology and most of the clinical features or laboratory data. 2020-05-26
The management of surgical patients during the coronavirus dieases 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Relevant publications reporting on the epidemiology of the pandemic, the diagnosis of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, and the clinical management of cancer and surgical patients, as well as studies concerning health care workers’ safety, were included. 2020-05-29
COVID-19 under spotlight: A close look at the origin, transmission, diagnosis, and treatment of the 2019-nCoV disease. Herein, the COVID-19 structure, epidemiology, pathogenesis, etiology, diagnosis, and therapy have been reviewed. 2020-05-26
Covid-19 diffusion and its impact on dental practice in distant countries with similar ethnic background. Epidemiology of Covid-19 and diffusion patterns of the novel coronavirus (SARS - CoV - 2) are still poorly understood, as they differ substantially among countries and even in neighboring regions within the same country. 2020-05-26
Face coverings for the public: Laying straw men to rest. I set out some key findings from basic science, epidemiology, mathematical modelling, case studies, and natural experiments, and use this rich and diverse body of evidence as the backdrop for my rebuttal of their narrowly framed objections. 2020-05-28
COVID-19 pandemic - An African perspective. Therefore, in this review we collected and summarised the currently available literature on the epidemiology, etiology, vulnerability, preparedness and economic impact of COVID-19 in Africa, which could be useful and provide necessary information on ongoing COVID-19 pandemics in the continent. 2020-05-27
Molecular, serological, and biochemical diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19: IFCC taskforce evaluation of the latest evidence. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) Task Force on COVID-19 has been established to synthesize up-to-date information on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19, as well as to develop practical recommendations on the use of molecular, serological, and biochemical tests in disease diagnosis and management. 2020-05-27
Children in Critical Care Due to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection: Experience in a Spanish Hospital. Epidemiologic data, previous clinical characteristics, support therapy needed, imaging tests, laboratory observations on admission, and pharmacologic therapy. 2020-05-30
Need for Objective Assessment of Volume Status in Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19: The Tri-POCUS Approach. As the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to spread across the globe, the knowledge of its epidemiology, clinical features, and management is rapidly evolving. 2020-05-27
First detection of SARS-CoV-2 in untreated wastewaters in Italy. Several studies have demonstrated the advantages of environmental surveillance through the monitoring of sewage for the assessment of viruses circulating in a given community (wastewater-based epidemiology, WBE). 2020-05-30
CONTROLS TO MINIMIZE DISRUPTION OF THE PHARMACEUTICAL SUPPLY CHAIN DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC. This article reviews currently available scientific literature related to the epidemiology, infectivity, survival, and susceptibility to disinfectants of Coronaviruses, in the context of the controls established to meet Good Manufacturing Practice regulations and guidance, and the public health guidance issued specifically to combat the Covid-19 pandemic. 2020-05-29
Transmission routes of SARS-CoV-2 and protective measures in dental clinics during the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper, based on proven effective experience, relevant guidelines, and research, not only presents the fundamental knowledge about the name, etiologic characteristics, epidemiologic characteristics and clinical manifestations of COVID-19, transmission routes and risk points of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics but also provides recommended protective measures for dental professionals to interdict the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics. […] This paper, based on proven effective experience, relevant guidelines, and research, not only presents the fundamental knowledge about the name, etiologic characteristics, epidemiologic characteristics and clinical manifestations of COVID-19, transmission routes and risk points of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics but also provides recommended protective measures for dental professionals to interdict the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in dental clinics. 2020-06-02
Early COVID-19 infection after lung transplantation. Herein, we report the first case of COVID-19 in a lung transplant recipient in the immediate posttransplant period, and we describe the epidemiologic challenges in identifying the source of infection in this unique situation. 2020-06-19
SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: A genetic, epidemiological, and evolutionary perspective. Here, we synthesize lessons from a range of scientific perspectives rooted in epidemiology, virology, genetics, ecology and evolutionary biology so as to provide perspective on how this pandemic started, how it is developing, and how best we can stop it. 2020-06-27
Wastewater surveillance for population-wide Covid-19: The present and future. An epidemiological tool developed and refined by environmental scientists over the last 20 years (Wastewater-Based Epidemiology - WBE) holds the potential as a key tool in containing and mitigating Covid-19 outbreaks while also minimizing domino effects such as unnecessarily long stay-at-home policies that stress humans and economies alike. 2020-06-24
Predicting mortality due to SARS-CoV-2: A mechanistic score relating obesity and diabetes to COVID-19 outcomes in Mexico. We obtained data of confirmed and negative COVID-19 cases and their demographic and health characteristics from the General Directorate of Epidemiology of Mexican Ministry of Health. 2020-06-26
A clinical, histopathological and laboratory study of 19 consecutive Italian paediatric patients with chilblain-like lesions: lights and shadows on the relationship with COVID-19 infection. Chilblain-like lesions during COVID-19 pandemic have specific epidemiologic, clinical, capillaroscopic and histopathological characteristics, which distinguish them from idiopathic perniosis. 2020-06-19
Epidemic characteristics of COVID-19 in four Chinese cities. We collected patient data from four Chinese cities (Hefei, Hangzhou, Wenzhou, Shenzhen) and described epidemiologic characteristics. 2020-06-01
Analysis and suggestions for the preview and triage screening of children with suspected COVID-19 outside the epidemic area of Hubei Province. It is very important for the preview and triage personnel to accurately grasp the epidemiology of the virus and identify children’s symptoms in the fever clinic. […] The suspected cases and excluded suspected cases had similar epidemiology history as well as complete blood count results. 2020-06-04
Epidemiologic character of COVID-19 in Kazakhstan: A preliminary report. This study aims to evaluate the epidemiologic characters of the first recorded cases in Kazakhstan. 2020-06-04
Stemming COVID-19 in Cuba: Strengths, Strategies, ChallengesFrancisco Durán MD. Dr Durán has been “battle-tested” over the years by his involvement in stemming dengue epidemics and other infectious dis-ease outbreaks, good preparation for his current position as National Direc-tor of Epidemiology. 2020-06-09
Considerations for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons in COVID-19 Era: Can We Sustain the Solutions to Keep Our Patients and Healthcare Personnel Safe? Screening for COVID-19 symptoms, testing when indicated, and establishing the epidemiologic linkage will be crucial to containing and preventing new COVID-19 cases until a vaccine or an alternate solution is available. 2020-06-15
The status and trends of coronavirus research: A global bibliometric and visualized analysis. Keywords of all related studies could be divided into 4 clusters: “Pathological research,” “Epidemiology research,” “Clinical research,” and “Mechanism research.” The outbreak of the epidemic could promote coronavirus research, meanwhile, coronavirus research contributes to overcoming the epidemic. 2020-06-15
Swine enteric alphacoronavirus (swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus): An update three years after its discovery. This review summarizes the emergence of SeACoV and updates the research progress made from 2017 to early 2020, mainly focusing on the etiology, epidemiology, evolutionary perspective, potential for interspecies transmission, pathogenesis and diagnosis. 2020-06-27
Hemodialysis with Cohort Isolation to Prevent Secondary Transmission during a COVID-19 Outbreak in Korea. Close contacts had been identified by epidemiologic investigation and tested negative on an immediate screening test for SARS-CoV-2. 2020-06-02
Malaria and Parasitic Neglected Tropical Diseases: Potential Syndemics with COVID-19? Such additional testing would allow the determination of the rates of coinfection and comparison of severity of outcomes by infection status, greatly improving the understanding of the epidemiology of COVID-19 in LMICs and potentially helping to mitigate its impact. 2020-06-02
COVID-19 Related Coagulopathy: A Distinct Entity? This narrative review summarizes current evidence regarding the epidemiology, clinical features, known and presumed pathophysiology-based models, and treatment guidance regarding COVID-19 coagulopathy. 2020-06-03
[Guide for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019]. This article summarized the understanding of the etiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention and control measures of COVID-19 based on the available data and anti-epidemic experience in China. 2020-06-04
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): a review. Herein, we summarize the virology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of SARS-CoV-2, and hope that countries can control the outbreak as soon as possible to minimize the loss. 2020-06-17
COVID-19 and Renal Failure: Challenges in the Delivery of Renal Replacement Therapy. In the current review article, we discussed the epidemiology and etiology of acute kidney injury, management of acute kidney injury including renal replacement therapy options (both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) for inpatient floor, as well as intensive care unit settings. 2020-06-05
SARS-CoV-2, More than a Respiratory Virus: Its Potential Role in Neuropathogenesis. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 in comparison to SARS and MERS along with possibilities of viral entry into central nervous system (CNS) tissues. […] The review provides detailed information about the virulence, epidemiology, and insights into molecular pathways involved in the infectivity of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, along with an in-depth view of current concepts about the neurological significance of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and its neuropathological competence. 2020-06-19
Epidemiology, Clinical Features, and Disease Severity in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a Children’s Hospital in New York City, New York. To describe the epidemiology, clinical, and laboratory features of patients with COVID-19 hospitalized at a children’s hospital and to compare these parameters between patients hospitalized with and without severe disease. 2020-06-28
Clinical and Immune Features of Hospitalized Pediatric Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. The epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported, but information on immune features associated with disease severity is scarce. 2020-06-11
Comparison of clinical and epidemiological characteristics of asymptomatic and symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection: A multi-center study in Sichuan Province, China. This study aims to compare the epidemiology and the clinical characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection in asymptomatic and symptomatic individuals. 2020-06-08
[Suggestions on design of evidence-based traditional Chinese medicine clinical study for new public health emergencies]. For the evidence-based evaluation of TCM intervention in new public health emergencies, the basic principles and general methods of clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine shall be followed to obtain high-quality evidence; besides, we shall also fully realize that clinical scientific study is carried out with the epidemic treatment as the primary task. 2020-06-08
Clinical characteristics of two human-to-human transmitted coronaviruses: Corona Virus Disease 2019 vs. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus. Epidemiology, clinical, and laboratory outcomes, intensive care unit (ICU) admission rates, discharge rates, and fatality rates were evaluated using Graph-Pad Prism software. 2020-06-10
COVID-19: a conundrum to decipher. In this review, we aim to summarize the updated epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, as well as prevention and control of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. […] A broad search of the literature was performed in “PubMed” “Medline” “Web of Science”, “Google Scholar” and “World Health Organization-WHO” using the keywords “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus”, “2019-nCoV”, “COVID-19,”SARS“,”SARS-CoV-2" “Epidemiology” “Transmission” “Pathogenesis” “Clinical Characteristics”. […] We reviewed and documented the information obtained from literature on epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical appearances of SARS-CoV-2 infection. […] There is still much to be understood regarding SARS-CoV-2 about its virology, epidemiology and clinical management strategies; this knowledge will be essential to both manage the current pandemic and to conceive comprehensive measures to prevent such outbreaks in the future. 2020-06-10
Fear of COVID-19 and the mental health consequences in America. Depressive symptoms, on average, were high (16+ on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale), and more than 25% of the sample reported moderate to severe anxiety symptoms. 2020-06-04
Why African Americans Are a Potential Target for COVID-19 Infection in the United States. A stringent analysis of COVID-19 epidemiologic data requires time and would generally be expected to happen with significant delay after the exponential phase of the disease is over and when the focus of the health care system is diverted away from crisis management. 2020-06-23
Genome analysis of SARS-CoV-2 isolates occurring in India: Present scenario. To have an insight into the SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences reported from India for better understanding on their epidemiology and virulence. 2020-06-17
Insights from COVID-19 cluster containment in Bhilwara District, Rajasthan. The basis of suspicion was clinico-eco-epidemiologic-radiological findings as, by that time, about 20 COVID19 cases were reported from the state of Rajasthan including a big Italian group of tourists who travelled extensively in Rajasthan, including Udaipur city. 2020-06-17
COVID-19 epidemiology: Through the eyes of vernacular newspapers. Content analysis and data coding of 11 of the possible 60 terms/concepts related to COVID-19 epidemiology, was undertaken. 2020-06-17
“Slowing the Spread and Minimizing the Impact of COVID-19: Lessons from the Past and Recommendations for the Plastic Surgeon”. The objective of this paper is to provide a natural history of COVID-19 - including virology, epidemiology and transmission patterns - and a guide for plastic surgeons regarding patient and resource management. 2020-06-04
COVID-19: The impact on pediatric emergency care This review, written with the emergency medicine clinician in mind, describes the epidemiology, clinical features, and management implications for COVID-19 in pediatric patients. 2020-06-17
COVID-19 Monitoring and Response Among U.S. Air Force Basic Military Trainees - Texas, March-April 2020. Based on epidemiologic data showing spread in congregate settings (2-4), national, state, and local governments instituted significant restrictions on large gatherings to prevent transmission of disease in early March 2020. 2020-06-05
Potential therapeutic targets for combating SARS-CoV-2: Drug repurposing, clinical trials and recent advancements. The review, in brief, summarizes epidemiology, therapy and the current scenario for combating SARS-CoV-2. 2020-06-28
Bariatric Surgery During COVID-19 Pandemic from Patients’ Point of View-The Results of a National Survey. Out of 800 respondents, 74.53% felt anxiety about their health in regard to the present epidemiologic state. 2020-06-05
Coronavirus Disease 2019: Clinical Review. A comprehensive search using the PubMed database was carried out to summarize the latest published information about the epidemiology, definition, pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, treatment options, prognosis and prevention of coronavirus disease 2019. 2020-06-05
A Comprehensive Review of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2. In this review, we discuss the background, epidemiology, possible pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnostic studies related to SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020-06-07
Epidemiology of the 2020 Pandemic of COVID-19 in the State of Texas: The First Month of Community Spread. We provide a comprehensive overview of COVID-19 epidemiology across the state of Texas, which includes vast rural & vulnerable communities that may be disproportionately impacted by the spread of this new disease. 2020-06-25
What orthopedic surgeons need to know about Covid-19 pandemic. In this article, we provide a brief review for Orthopedic surgeons as regard COVID-19 virus microbiology, epidemiology, clinical picture, and diagnosis. 2020-06-08
COVID-19 pandemic: a viewpoint from Asia. This analysis emphasizes the epidemiology of COVID-19, its effects in the Asia continent, and active case study of COVID-19 including the distinct countries. 2020-06-08
Molecular analysis of several in-house rRT-PCR protocols for SARS-CoV-2 detection in the context of genetic variability of the virus in Colombia. Complete SARS-CoV-2 genomes were obtained from 30 COVID-19 cases, representative of the current epidemiology in the country. 2020-06-27
Ensuring Sustainability of Continuous Kidney Replacement Therapy in the Face of Extraordinary Demand: Lessons From the COVID-19 Pandemic. Pre-emptive weekly multi-center projections of CKRT demand based on evolving COVID-19 epidemiology and routine workload should be made. 2020-06-11
COVID-19: test, trace and isolate-new epidemiological data. Since these means are socially disruptive and come with substantial economic loss for societies, a better knowledge of the epidemiology of the new coronavirus epidemic is crucial to achieve control at a sustainable cost and within tolerable restrictions of civil rights. 2020-06-27
Genomic surveillance reveals multiple introductions of SARS-CoV-2 into Northern California. Here we investigate the genomic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 in Northern California from late January to mid-March 2020, using samples from 36 patients spanning 9 counties and the Grand Princess cruise ship. 2020-06-14
COVID-19: An otolaryngological perspective. As knowledge about the disease epidemiology and clinical profile is rapidly evolving, we are still not sure about many different aspects of the disease transmission and presentation. 2020-06-18
[Recommendations of the Eurasian Arrhythmology Association (EURA) for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with arrhythmias and conduction disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic]. Information about the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical and laboratory diagnostics, as well as prevention and therapy for this disease is constantly being expanded and reviewed. 2020-06-17
Addressing COVID-19 Among People Experiencing Homelessness: Description, Adaptation, and Early Findings of a Multiagency Response in Boston. Real-time disease surveillance efforts in a large shelter outbreak of COVID-19 during the third week of operations illustrated the need for several adaptations to the care model to better respond to the local epidemiology of illness among people experiencing homelessness. 2020-06-09
Testing Asymptomatic Emergency Department Patients for Coronavirus of 2019 (COVID-19) in a Low Prevalence Region. Transmission of COVID-19 by asymptomatic carriers has been reported in multiple family units, indicating that this mode of infection is important in understanding disease epidemiology and population risk4,5 . 2020-06-19
Pay attention to situation of SARS-CoV-2 and TCM advantages in treatment of novel coronavirus infection. Basic reproduction number (R0) is an important parameter in epidemiology; The basic reproduction number of an infection can be thought of as the expected number of cases directly generated by one case in a population where all individuals are susceptible to infection. […] Epidemiology dynamics is a mathematical model based on a susceptibility-infection-recovery epidemic model. 2020-06-12
Epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and future perspectives concerning SARS-COV-2: a review article. The present study aimed to review the epidemiology, clinical manifestation, laboratory diagnosis, treatment, and future perspectives related to COVID-19 infections. 2020-06-15
Clinical Analysis of 25 COVID-19 Infections in Children. Clinical data and epidemiologic history of these patients were retrospectively collected and analyzed. 2020-06-26
Laboratory Biosafety Considerations of SARS-CoV-2 at Biosafety Level 2. Recent studies have updated the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 continuously. 2020-06-22
Coronavirus infection in patients with diabetes. In this review article we have focused on four specific points: 1) epidemiology of the prevalence and mortality of COVID 19 in the general population and in the population with type 2 diabetes mellitus; 2) pathophysiology related to the binding of SARS-CoV-2 to receptors in subjects with diabetes; 3) the immune response induced by SARS-CoV-2, and 4) the outpatient and hospital treatment recommended in patients with diabetes who become infected with SARS-CoV-2. 2020-06-23
Genetic gateways to COVID-19 infection: Implications for risk, severity, and outcomes. The dynamics, such as transmission, spatial epidemiology, and clinical course of Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) have emerged as the most intriguing features and remain incompletely understood. 2020-06-19
SARS-CoV-2 Infections and Serologic Responses from a Sample of U.S. Navy Service Members - USS Theodore Roosevelt, April 2020. Navy and CDC investigated this outbreak, and the demographic, epidemiologic, and laboratory findings among a convenience sample of 382 service members serving aboard the aircraft carrier are reported in this study. 2020-06-12
[Clinical analysis of 23 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in Xinyang City of Henan Province]. The epidemiology, clinical symptoms, laboratory and radiologic data of 23 patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Fifth People’s Hospital of Xinyang City from January 22nd to January 29th, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. 2020-06-16
COVID-19 and lessons learned from the pandemic wave of meningococcal meningitis (1985-1990). It also constituted one of the pioneering works in molecular epidemiology and proved to be vital in controlling epidemic meningitis worldwide. […] Based on this and other bacteriologic and epidemiologic data, a new conjugate vaccine was later developed which put an end to Group A meningococcal epidemics. 2020-06-13
Covid-19: A Comprehensive Review of a Formidable Foe and the Road Ahead. This review presents the basic biology of coronaviruses, epidemiology of COVID-19, clinical presentations, investigational therapies and vaccines, infection prevention and control measures and the lessons from the present pandemic. 2020-06-12
NA eng chi Journal Article China Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 9426151 1004-5619 COVID-19 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 IM Autopsy Betacoronavirus Coronavirus Infections epidemiology Disease Outbreaks Humans Pandemics Pneumonia, Viral epidemiology 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间尸体检验工作的现状和建议. 2020-06-16
NA eng chi Journal Article China Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 9426151 1004-5619 COVID-19 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 IM Betacoronavirus Coronavirus Infections epidemiology Humans Pandemics Pneumonia, Viral epidemiology 新型冠状病毒肺炎流行期的现场生物物证取证初探. 2020-06-16
Environmental and Decontamination Issues for Human Coronaviruses and Their Potential Surrogates. Pre-symptomatic, asymptomatic, and post-fourteen day virus excretion from patients may complicate the epidemiology. 2020-06-23
Pediatric COVID-19: Systematic review of the literature. A systematic review of the literature was performed in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines to gain insight into pediatric COVID-19 epidemiology. 2020-06-25
Epidemiology and Clinical Symptoms Related to Seasonal Coronavirus Identified in Patients with Acute Respiratory Infections Consulting in Primary Care over Six Influenza Seasons (2014-2020) in France. Further studies with representative samples should be conducted to provide additional insights into the epidemiology and clinical features of HCoVs. 2020-06-15
Emerging coronaviruses: first SARS, second MERS and third SARS-CoV-2: epidemiological updates of COVID-19. To date, despite the whole world effort to review various aspects of SARS-CoV-2, including epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment options, there are still gaps in the knowledge of this disease and many issues remain unclear. 2020-06-22
COVID 19 diagnostic multiplicity and its role in community surveillance and control. These tests can be used to identify asymptomatic persons exposed to the virus and in community based seroprevalence surveys to assess the epidemiology of spread of the virus. 2020-06-22
The pathological autopsy of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) in China: a review. The issue of whether a person died from COVID-2019 infection or not is always an ambiguous problem in some cases, and ongoing epidemiology from China may shed light on it. 2020-06-26
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus -2 (SARS-CoV-2): A global pandemic and treatments strategies. This review focuses on epidemiology, symptoms, transmission, pathogenesis, ongoing available treatments and future perspectives of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-06-16
Resilience strategies to manage psychological distress amongst healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a narrative review. An abundance of information is emerging on disease epidemiology, pathogenesis and infection control prevention. 2020-06-13
Are Online Searches for the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Related to Media or Epidemiology? A Cross-sectional Study. Previous studies on the novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) have found strong correlations between online searches and the epidemiology of the disease. […] Our aim was to determine if online searches for COVID-19 related to international media announcements or national epidemiology. […] COVID-10 epidemiology (i.e. incidence and mortality) was correlated with the national online searches. […] Online searches for COVID-19 in Europe are not correlated with epidemiology but strongly correlated with international WHO announcements. 2020-06-14
Comparison of Hospitalized Patients with pneumonia caused by COVID-19 and influenza A in children under 5 years. Since the outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, considerable attention has been paid on its epidemiology and clinical characteristics in children patients. 2020-06-14
Multiple assays in a real-time RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 panel can mitigate the risk of loss of sensitivity by new genomic variants during the COVID-19 outbreak. COVID-19: Epidemiology, Evolution, and Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. […] Genomic epidemiology of novel coronavirus. 2020-06-28
COVID-19 IN DIABETES PATIENTS IN UKRAINE: LESSONS FOR DOCTORS AND PATIENTS. Another feature of COVID-19 epidemiology in Ukraine is that virus cause disease in women (56.0%) more often than in men (44.0%). […] In this article we analyzed epidemiology and causes of negative influence of diabetes mellitus on COVID-19 progress in world and Ukraine. 2020-06-18
Cardiovascular Implications and Therapeutic Considerations in COVID-19 Infection. Here we describe emerging evidence of the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection and underlying cardiovascular disease, the evidence for direct myocardial injury in SARS-CoV-2 infection, the specific presentations of cardiovascular involvement by SARS-CoV-2, and the cardiac effects of emerging treatments. 2020-06-17
Studying the pathophysiology of coronavirus disease 2019: a protocol for the Berlin prospective COVID-19 patient cohort (Pa-COVID-19). We collect data on epidemiology, demography, medical history, symptoms, clinical course, and pathogen testing and treatment. 2020-06-17
A compendium answering 150 questions on COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2. The epidemiologic features of COVID-19 are distinctive and have changed throughout the pandemic. […] This paper answers pressing questions, formulated by young clinicians and scientists, on SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 and allergy, focusing on the following topics: virology, immunology, diagnosis, management of patients with allergic disease and asthma, treatment, clinical trials, drug discovery, vaccine development and epidemiology. 2020-06-14
Genitourinary cancer management during a severe pandemic: Utility of rapid communication tools and evidence-based guidelines. Due to the rapidly changing information about epidemiology and infectious characteristics of COVID-19, the health authorities and professional societies guidance required frequent revisions which by design take days or weeks to produce. 2020-06-15
Age Related Morbidity and Mortality among Patients with COVID-19. Herein, we reviewed published COVID-19 epidemiology data from several countries to identify any consistent trends in the relationship between age and COVID-19-associated morbidity or mortality. 2020-06-15
COVID-19 in Turkey: Lessons Learned. Here, we underline the urgent need for detailed analysis of the national COVID-19 data and propose an epidemiologic investigation framework for better understanding, efficient control, and reliable forecasting of COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-06-19
Pandemics and methodological developments in epidemiology history. The crisis spurred by the pandemic of COVID-19 has revealed weaknesses in our epidemiologic methodologic corpus, which scientists are struggling to compensate. […] Since the emergence of population-based sciences in the 17th century, we can observe close temporal correlations between the plague and the discovery of population thinking, cholera and population-based group comparisons, tuberculosis and the formalization of cohort studies, the 1918 Great Influenza and the creation of an academic epidemiologic counterpart to the public health service, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and the formalization of causal inference concepts. […] If the latter proves true, it will support my hypothesis that pandemics did accelerate profound changes in epidemiologic methods and concepts. 2020-06-17
Diabetes Epidemiology in the COVID-19 Pandemic. However, many recent reports on this topic reflect hurried approaches and have lacked careful epidemiologic design, conduct, and analysis. […] In this Perspective, we discuss some of the challenges of interpreting the current literature on diabetes and COVID-19 and discuss opportunities for future epidemiologic studies. […] We contend that the COVID-19 pandemic is a defining moment for the field of epidemiology and that diabetes epidemiology should play a significant role. 2020-06-19
The broad-spectrum antiviral recommendations for drug discovery against COVID-19. Moreover, the present review investigates the epidemiology, diagnosis, structure, and replication of COVID-19 for better understanding. 2020-06-25
Clinical characteristics of 17 patients with COVID-19 and systemic autoimmune diseases: a retrospective study. We retrospectively collected and analysed information on epidemiology of 1255 inpatients and additional clinical characteristics of patients with systemic AIDs. 2020-06-27
Contributions of Latin American researchers in the understanding of the novel coronavirus outbreak: a literature review. We summarized and processed the information from these 153 publications, finding active participation in topics like medical, social and environmental considerations, bioinformatics and epidemiology. 2020-06-19
[Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19]. Here the authors present the current knowledge on the epidemiology of this virus. 2020-06-19
Religion as a Health Promoter During the 2019/2020 COVID Outbreak: View from Detroit. This inspection of the pandemic from the view of Detroit will examine the epidemiology of the coronavirus, translation of professional practice into people’s awareness of the chronic disease risk factors which are prevalent in Detroit, moral and ethical views on the distribution of resources, and three major ways that religious faith has helped to sustain people’s health and welfare in the midst of the broad social challenges posed by this novel coronavirus. 2020-06-19
Demographic and Health Indicators in Correlation to Interstate Variability of Incidence, Confirmation, Hospitalization, and Lethality in Mexico: Preliminary Analysis from Imported and Community Acquired Cases during COVID-19 Outbreak. Methods: This epidemiologic, cross-sectional study includes all clinically suspected, and laboratory-confirmed cases nationwide from the beginning of the outbreak to 21 April 2020. […] State-cluster demographic data and health indicators were analyzed in reference to epidemiologic measures, with logistic regressions for the dependent variables of incidence, confirmation, and lethality. 2020-06-25
Opportunities and Challenges for Biosensors and Nanoscale Analytical Tools for Pandemics: COVID-19. Furthermore, we discuss the emerging monitoring mechanism, namely wastewater-based epidemiology, for early warning of the outbreak, focusing on sensors for rapid and on-site analysis of SARS-CoV2 in sewage. 2020-06-27
Coronavirus disease 2019: A new severe acute respiratory syndrome from Wuhan in China. The purpose of this article is to overview the history, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of COVID 2019 reported in recently published studies. 2020-06-23
Individual variation of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 gene expression and regulation. Epidemiology studies found males although only slightly more likely to be infected than females account for the majority of the severely ill and fatality, which also bias for people older than 60 years or with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. 2020-06-19
Laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in children and youth in Canada, January 15-April 27, 2020. Understanding the epidemiology of COVID-19 among children and youth in Canada will help to inform public health measures in settings where children gather. 2020-06-22
Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network Best Practices for COVID-19. Whether the local goal is containment or mitigation will depend on local epidemiology of the pandemic. 2020-06-22
A case series of COVID-19 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Demographic information, epidemiologic data, clinical features and treatment data were extracted from medical records. 2020-06-19
Epidemiology of COVID-19 in Mexico: from the 27th of February to the 30th of April 2020. The descriptive epidemiology shows similarities between the cases of COVID-19 in Mexico and those in China. 2020-06-23
Impact of Covid-19 lockdown on characteristics of autopsy cases in Greece. Comparison between 2019 and 2020. In Greece, the Government, after consulting with experts in the fields of infectious disease and epidemiology, implemented a rather aggressive stance with an early lockdown. 2020-06-23
Smell and taste dysfunction in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: A review of epidemiology, pathogenesis, prognosis, and treatment options. This review aims to provide a brief overview of recent evidence for epidemiology, pathological mechanisms for the smell, and taste dysfunction in SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. 2020-06-21
Responding to the Challenge of the Dual COVID-19 and Ebola Epidemics in the Democratic Republic of Congo-Priorities for Achieving Control. Although the epidemiology and transmission of EVD and COVID-19 differ, leveraging the public health infrastructures and experiences from coordinating the EVD response to guide the public health response to COVID-19 is critical. 2020-06-26
Epidemiologic characteristics of traumatic fractures during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China: A retrospective & comparative multi-center study. This study aimed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of traumatic fractures during the COVID-19, and provide reference for targeted control measures for the whole world by proposing China’s experiences. 2020-06-24
Contemporary and Future Concepts on Hypertension in African Americans: COVID-19 and Beyond. While APOL1 has been theorized in the epidemiology of hypertension, the increased prevalence and associated risks are primarily due to environmental and lifestyle factors. 2020-06-24
Responding to the Challenges of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): Perspectives from the Association for Molecular Pathology Infectious Disease Subdivision Leadership. Clinical molecular laboratory professionals are at the frontline of the response to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, providing accurate, high-quality laboratory results to aid in diagnosis, treatment, and epidemiology. 2020-06-28
COVID-19 pandemic: A review based on current evidence. This review emphasizes on the different aspects of COVID-19 such as the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, diagnosis, and preventive measures to be adopted in order to fight this pandemic. 2020-06-23
Critical Care Epidemiology and Research in the Face of a Pandemic: An Opportunity in a Crisis. Critical Care Epidemiology and Research in the Face of a Pandemic: An Opportunity in a Crisis. 2020-06-23
Can Users Search Trends Predict People Scares or Disease Breakout? An Examination of Infectious Skin Diseases in the United States. Future research needs to re-apply the model used in this article, and researchers need to question whether characterizing the epidemiology of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic waves in United States can be done through search queries and keyword trends. 2020-06-23
The epidemiologic and clinical features of suspected and confirmed cases of imported 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in north Shanghai, China. The epidemiologic and clinical features as well as clinical outcomes were compared between the confirmed and suspected cases. 2020-06-23
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic’s impact on mental health. As all efforts are focused on understanding the epidemiology, clinical features, transmission patterns, and management of the COVID-19 outbreak, there has been very little concern expressed over the effects on one’s mental health and on strategies to prevent stigmatization. 2020-06-22
Are Animals a Neglected Transmission Route of SARS-CoV-2? Whereas no one husbandry animal case has been reported to date, which would have significant implications in food safety, companion animals play a role in COVID-19 epidemiology that opens up new questions. […] Animal management and epidemiological surveillance must be also considered for COVID-19 control, and it can open up new questions regarding COVID-19 epidemiology and the role that animals play in it. 2020-06-23
Microbiota Modulating Nutritional Approaches to Countering the Effects of Viral Respiratory Infections Including SARS-CoV-2 through Promoting Metabolic and Immune Fitness with Probiotics and Plant Bioactives. While human studies help to understand the epidemiology and immunopathology of VRIs, the chaotic nature of viral transmissions makes it difficult to undertake mechanistic study where the pre-conditioning of the metabolic and immune system could be beneficial. 2020-06-23
Review of influenza-associated pulmonary aspergillosis in ICU patients and proposal for a case definition: an expert opinion. A group of 29 international experts reviewed current insights into the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of IAPA and proposed a case definition of IAPA through a process of informal consensus. […] A consensus case definition of IAPA is proposed, which will facilitate research into the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of this emerging acute and severe Aspergillus disease, and may be of use to study CAPA. 2020-06-25
Impact of Covid-19 epidemics in Pediatric Morbidity and utilization of Hospital Pediatric Services in Italy. Indeed, the current Covid-19 epidemic in Italy and the associated, two months (March-April) strict lockdown have impacted on the overall epidemiology and use of adult and pediatric medical resources -also due to dramatic changes in lifestyle. 2020-06-23
[Orthopedics between reason and passion. Guidelines and shadow lines.] However, despite a constant and wide-ranging editorial production and fruitful collaborations with colleagues and institutions at national and international level, the orthopaedic scientific community finds it difficult to recognize the EBM model as a solid reference: there are few guidelines available, there is little awareness of their usefulness, and the complexity of the methodology of production and adaptation of documents widens the gap between the orthopaedic real world and that of clinical epidemiology. 2020-06-26
COVID-19 and thalassaemia: A position statement of the Thalassaemia International Federation. Although epidemiologic evidence concerning the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection in these patients is currently lacking, the COVID-19 pandemic represents a significant challenge for haemoglobinopathy patients, their families and their attending physicians. 2020-06-23
Severe COVID-19: A Review of Recent Progress With a Look Toward the Future. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment methods of severe COVID-19 and puts forward some tentative ideas, aiming to provide some guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of severe COVID-19. 2020-06-23
New Insights of Emerging SARS-CoV-2: Epidemiology, Etiology, Clinical Features, Clinical Treatment, and Prevention. The governments of many countries have attached great importance to the prevention of SARS-CoV-2, via research into the etiology and epidemiology of this newly emerged disease. 2020-06-23
Clinical Characteristics and Reasons for Differences in Duration From Symptom Onset to Release From Quarantine Among Patients With COVID-19 in Liaocheng, China. Objective: This study aimed to identify additional characteristics and features of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) by assessing the clinical courses among COVID-19 patients in a region outside Hubei province. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data regarding general characteristics, epidemiologic history, underlying chronic diseases, clinical symptoms and complications, chest computed tomography findings, biochemical monitoring, disease severity, treatments, and outcomes among 37 adult patients with COVID-19. 2020-06-23
Rapid systematic review of neonatal COVID-19 including a case of presumed vertical transmission. Ongoing research is needed to ascertain the epidemiology of COVID-19 in neonates. 2020-06-23
Understanding the role that ‘COVID toe’ has in recognizing the potential extent of COVID-19 infections: a case study. We will further explore the use of COVID toe in the epidemiology of COVID-19 and its utility as a sign for total cases and contact tracing. 2020-06-24
The Epidemiology of COVID-19 cases and the Successful Containment Strategy in Hong Kong - January to May 2020. We reviewed the case epidemiology and the various public health measures implemented from January to May 2020. 2020-06-26
The Strategic Alliance between Clinical and Molecular Science in the War against SARS-CoV-2, with the Rapid-Diagnostics Test as an Indispensable Weapon for Front Line Doctors. We focus on the serogical immunoassay for diagnosis of Covid-19 as an important weapon not only for diagnostic purpose, but also for epidemiologic one. 2020-06-25
Rampant C→U Hypermutation in the Genomes of SARS-CoV-2 and Other Coronaviruses: Causes and Consequences for Their Short- and Long-Term Evolutionary Trajectories. The pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has motivated an intensive analysis of its molecular epidemiology following its worldwide spread. […] Repeated cycles of mutation and reversion in favored mutational hot spots and the widespread occurrence of amino acid changes with no adaptive value for the virus represent a quite different paradigm of virus sequence change from neutral and Darwinian evolutionary frameworks and are not incorporated by standard models used in molecular epidemiology investigations.IMPORTANCE The wealth of accurately curated sequence data for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), its long genome, and its low substitution rate provides a relatively blank canvas with which to investigate effects of mutational and editing processes imposed by the host cell. […] In evolutionary terms, the contribution of biased, convergent, and context-dependent mutations to sequence change in SARS-CoV-2 is substantial, and these processes are not incorporated by standard models used in molecular epidemiology investigations. 2020-06-25
Identification of RT-PCR-Negative Asymptomatic COVID-19 Patients via Serological Testing. Asymptomatic individuals with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been identified via nucleic acid testing for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); however, the epidemiologic characteristics and viral shedding pattern of asymptomatic patients remain largely unknown. […] This report presents the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of asymptomatic individuals with SARS-CoV-2 infection that were undetected on RT-PCR tests in previous epidemiologic investigations probably due to the transient viral shedding duration. 2020-06-26
Recent Understandings Toward Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): From Bench to Bedside. In this review, we highlight the etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and pathology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, clinical management, prognosis, infection control and prevention of COVID-19 based on recent studies. 2020-06-26
What We Learned about COVID-19 So Far? Notes from Underground. In this narrative review, the Turkish Thoracic Society Early Career Taskforce members aimed to provide a summary on recent literature regarding epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of COVID-19. 2020-06-26
Epidemiology of COVID-19 in older persons, Wuhan, China. To explore the epidemiology of older patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. 2020-06-25
Rapid publications risk the integrity of science in the era of COVID-19. Preprint manuscripts, rapid publications and opinion pieces have been essential in permitting the lay press and public health authorities to preview data relating to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including the range of clinical manifestations and the basic epidemiology early on in the pandemic. 2020-06-28
Epidemic and pandemic viral infections: impact on tuberculosis and the lung. A consensus by the World Association for Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders (WAidid), Global Tuberculosis Network (GTN) and members# of ESCMID Study Group for Mycobacterial Infections (ESGMYC). The epidemiology, immunology of these viral infections and their interactions with TB are discussed with implications on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of airborne infections (infection control, viral containment and workplace safety). 2020-06-26
Transforming laparoendoscopic surgical protocols during COVID-19 pandemic; big data analytics, resource allocation and operational considerations; a review article. Rapidly evolving disease patterns and complex epidemiology of COVID-19 necessitate a tailored approach by medical experts in dealing with this devastating outbreak. 2020-06-28
Targeting adenosinergic pathway and adenosine A2A receptor signaling for the treatment of COVID-19: A hypothesis. Epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients have been identified, but the factors influencing the immune system against COVID-19 have not been well established. 2020-06-28
Covid-19 in children: A brief overview after three months experience. However, epidemiologic and clinical data are scarce. 2020-06-29
Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Our understanding of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to evolve and there are many unknowns about its epidemiology. 2020-06-30
NeoCoV Is Closer to MERS-CoV than SARS-CoV. To understand the behavior of the newly emerging MERS-CoV requires knowledge at different levels (epidemiologic, antigenic, and pathogenic), and this knowledge can be generated from the most related viruses. 2020-06-30
Covid-19: current knowledge, disease potential, prevention and clinical advances. In this review, we present the current scenario and status of epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, vaccine development for COVID-19, and its impact on the socio-economic structure. 2020-06-30
Involvement of digestive system in COVID-19: manifestations, pathology, management and challenges. In this review, we summarise recent findings on the epidemiology of GI tract involvement, potential mechanisms of faecal-oral transmission, GI and liver manifestation, pathological/histological features in patients with COVID-19 and the diagnosis, management of patients with pre-existing GI and liver diseases as well as precautions for preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection during GI endoscopy procedures. 2020-06-30
Biosafety at Home: How to Translate Biomedical Laboratory Safety Precautions for Everyday Use in the Context of COVID-19. Experts had more than 200 years of combined experience in epidemiology, virology, infectious disease prevention, and public health. 2020-06-30
Unequal impact of structural health determinants and comorbidity on COVID-19 severity and lethality in older Mexican adults: Considerations beyond chronological aging. We analyzed confirmed COVID-19 cases in older adults using data from the General Directorate of Epidemiology of Mexican Ministry of Health. 2020-06-30
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children in New York State. Of 95 patients with confirmed MIS-C (laboratory-confirmed acute or recent severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS-CoV-2] infection) and 4 with suspected MIS-C (met clinical and epidemiologic criteria), 53 (54%) were male; 31 of 78 (40%) were black, and 31 of 85 (36%) were Hispanic. 2020-06-30
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in U.S. Children and Adolescents. Understanding the epidemiology and clinical course of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) and its temporal association with coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) is important, given the clinical and public health implications of the syndrome. 2020-06-30
Containing COVID-19 outside the isolation ward: The impact of an infection control bundle on environmental contamination and transmission in a cohorted general ward. At a Singaporean tertiary hospital, individuals with clinical syndromes compatible with COVID-19 but no epidemiologic risk were placed in cohorted general wards for COVID-19 testing. 2020-06-30
SARS-CoV-2: Virology, epidemiology, immunology and vaccine development. This first International Alliance for Biological Standardization Covid-19 webinar brought together a broad range of international stakeholders, including academia, regulators, funders and industry, with a considerable delegation from low- and middle-income countries, to discuss the virology, epidemiology and immunology of, and the vaccine development for SARS-CoV-2. 2020-07-01
Stemming the flow: how much can the Australian smartphone app help to control COVID-19? To define the pandemic context and specify model-building parameters, we searched for literature on COVID-19, its epidemiology in Australia, case finding processes, and factors that might affect community acceptance of the COVIDSafe smartphone app for contact tracing. 2020-07-01
When science goes viral: The research response during three months of the COVID-19 outbreak. The identified articles, journal papers and preprints, mostly covered the epidemiology of COVID-19 (35.7 %), clinical aspects of infection (21.0 %), preventative measures (12.8 %), treatment options (12.5 %), diagnostics (12.2 %), mathematical modeling of disease transmission and mitigation (9.6 %), and molecular biology and pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 (8.7 %). 2020-07-01
COVID-19 as a Frying Pan: The Promise and Perils of Pandemic-driven Reform. The COVID-19 pandemic makes for a challenging research environment, but its OUD-related interventions have created new regulatory systems that lend themselves to valuable opportunities for evaluation as natural experiments by the burgeoning field of legal epidemiology. 2020-07-01
Betacoronavirus Genomes: How Genomic Information has been Used to Deal with Past Outbreaks and the COVID-19 Pandemic. We focus on shared genomic features of the betacoronaviruses and the application of genomic information to phylogenetic analysis, molecular epidemiology and the design of diagnostic systems, potential drugs and vaccine candidates. 2020-07-02
Lessons from SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: Evolution, Disease Dynamics and Future. The knowledge about coronavirus dynamics, its nature and epidemiology are expanding every day. […] The present review aims to summarize the structure, epidemiology, symptoms, statistical status of the disease status, intervention strategies and deliberates the lessons learnt during the pandemic. 2020-07-02
Coronavirus Disease Pandemic (COVID-19): Challenges and a Global Perspective. In this review, we discuss the noteworthy advancements, focusing on the etiological viral agent, comparative genomic analysis, population susceptibility, disease epidemiology and diagnosis, animal reservoirs, laboratory animal models, disease transmission, therapeutics, vaccine challenges, and disease mitigation measures. 2020-07-02
Multiple approaches for massively parallel sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 genomes directly from clinical samples. COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) has caused a major epidemic worldwide; however, much is yet to be known about the epidemiology and evolution of the virus partly due to the scarcity of full-length SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) genomes reported. 2020-07-02
Which curve provides the best explanation of the growth in confirmed COVID-19 cases in Chile? to explore the best type of curve or trend model that could explain the epidemiological behavior of the infection by COVID-19 and derive the possible causes that contribute to explain the corresponding model and the health implications that can be inferred. data were collected from the COVID-19 reports of the Department of Epidemiology, Ministry of Health, Chile. 2020-07-02
Will Coronavirus Disease 2019 Become Seasonal? This manuscript explores the question of the seasonality of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 by reviewing 4 lines of evidence related to viral viability, transmission, ecological patterns, and observed epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in the Southern Hemispheres’ summer and early fall. 2020-07-02
SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Patients with Down Syndrome, Congenital Heart Disease, and Pulmonary Hypertension: Is Down Syndrome a Risk Factor? With increasing information available about the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of patients affected with severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 infection, patients with Down syndrome, congenital heart disease, airway obstruction, and pulmonary hypertension present a unique challenge. 2020-07-02
Is it Kawasaki shock syndrome, Kawasaki-like disease or pediatric inflammatory multisystem disease? The importance of semantic in the era of COVID-19 pandemic. However, in light of bo/th experience and literature have taught us about severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) infection, and what already known on the epidemiology of KD, we suggest here the hypothesis of a new ‘post-viral’ systemic inflammatory disease related to excessive adaptive immune response rather than a form of KD caused by SARS-COV-2. 2020-07-03
Laboratory surveillance for SARS-CoV-2 in India: Performance of testing & descriptive epidemiology of detected COVID-19, January 22 - April 30, 2020. In this study, an analysis of the surveillance data was done to describe the testing performance and descriptive epidemiology of COVID-19 cases by time, place and person. 2020-07-03
A Cluster of Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infections Indicating Person-to-Person Transmission Among Casual Contacts From Social Gatherings: An Outbreak Case-Contact Investigation. A total of 539 social and family contacts of the index patient’s, including members of a 2-day wedding and a family party, were contacted and screened through epidemiologic surveys. 2020-07-03
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Forecast of an Emerging Urgency in Pakistan. Hence, we conducted this study, collecting daily data on COVID-19, to map the epidemiology outbreak and forecast its trajectory for May 2020. 2020-07-04
Racial Capitalism within Public Health: How Occupational Settings Drive COVID-19 Disparities. Epidemiology of the U.S. […] This demonstrates collusion between epidemiology and racial capitalism because it obscures structural influences, absolving industries of responsibility for worker safety. […] In an empirical example, we analyze economic implications of race-based metrics widely used in occupational epidemiology. […] We see a parallel in the epidemiology of COVID-19 disparities. 2020-07-04
Clinical recurrences of COVID-19 symptoms after recovery: Viral relapse, reinfection or inflammatory rebound? Larger studies including further virological, immunological and epidemiologic data are needed to understand the mechanisms of these recurrences. 2020-07-04
Spatiotemporal dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic in the State of Kuwait. This study provided deeper insights into the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Kuwait and provided an important platform for rapid guidance of decisions related to intervention activities. 2020-07-04
Exposure to novel coronavirus in patients on renal replacement therapy during the exponential phase of COVID-19 pandemic: survey of the Italian Society of Nephrology. We used spatial epidemiology and geographical information systems to map SARS-CoV-2 spread among RRT patients in Italy. 2020-07-05
Laboratory diagnosis of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Molecular tests are the basis for confirmation of COVID-19, but serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 are widely available and play an increasingly important role in understanding the epidemiology of the virus and in identifying populations at higher risk for infection. 2020-07-05
Diabetes and COVID-19: Global and regional perspectives. Therefore, we review the current knowledge of COVID-19 including the global and regional epidemiology, virology, impact of diabetes on COVID-19, treatment of COVID-19, and standard of care in the management of diabetes during this critical period. 2020-07-06
Considerations for people with diabetes during the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic. We briefly reviewed the epidemiology and pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 in the context of diabetes. 2020-07-06
Preliminary considerations regarding the risk of COVID-19 and disease severity in chronic gastrointestinal conditions. The novel RNA betacoronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is driving great efforts in clinical and basic research and several studies of the epidemiology, risk factors, clinical and virological features of this infection are already available. 2020-07-07
The Correlation of Comorbidities on the Mortality in Patients with COVID-19: an Observational Study Based on the Korean National Health Insurance Big Data. We constructed epidemiologic characteristics and medical history database based on the Korean National Health Insurance Service Big Data and linked COVID-19 registry data of Korea Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (KCDC) for this emergent observational cohort study. […] As a result of multivariate logistic regression analysis that adjusted epidemiologic factors to view the risk of death, the odds ratio of death would be hemorrhagic conditions and other diseases of blood and blood-forming organs 3.88-fold (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52-9.88), heart failure 3.17-fold (95% CI, 1.88-5.34), renal failure 3.07-fold (95% CI, 1.43-6.61), prostate malignant neoplasm 2.88-fold (95% CI, 1.01-8.22), acute myocardial infarction 2.38-fold (95% CI, 1.03-5.49), diabetes was 1.82-fold (95% CI, 1.25-2.67), and other ischemic heart disease 1.71-fold (95% CI, 1.09-2.66). 2020-07-07
Multi-System Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) Following SARS-CoV-2 Infection: Review of Clinical Presentation, Hypothetical Pathogenesis, and Proposed Management. The clinical presentation of MIS-C includes fever, severe illness, and the involvement of two or more organ systems, in combination with laboratory evidence of inflammation and laboratory or epidemiologic evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020-07-08
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): State of the Science. In this review, we systematically summarize the current state of scientific knowledge about MERS-CoV, including virology and origin, epidemiology, zoonotic mode of transmission, and potential therapeutic or prophylactic intervention modalities. 2020-07-08
COVID-19 associated parotitis: A case report. We present a case of a 21-year-old woman diagnosed in our ED with COVID-19 associated parotitis and review the epidemiology and management of parotitis. 2020-07-08
Rapid and sensitive diagnostic procedure for multiple detection of pandemic Coronaviridae family members SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and HCoV: a translational research and cooperation between the Phan Chau Trinh University in Vietnam and University of Bari “Aldo Moro” in Italy. Moreover, the authors review the current epidemiology, precautions and safety measures for health personnel to manage patients with known or suspected COVID-19 infection. 2020-07-08
The “scar” of a pandemic: Cumulative incidence of COVID-19 during the first trimester of pregnancy. We report epidemiologic data from a study investigating a cohort of women who became pregnant just before or during the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-07-08
IMPACT-Scot report on COVID-19 and hip fractures. The secondary aims were to determine whether: 1) there were clinical predictors of COVID-19 status; and 2) whether social lockdown influenced the incidence and epidemiology of hip fractures. 2020-07-08
Estimation of the probable outbreak size of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in social gathering events and industrial activities. The reproduction number (R0) is vital in epidemiology to estimate the number of infected people and trace close contacts. 2020-07-08
Laboratory Tests for COVID-19: A Review of Peer-Reviewed Publications and Implications for Clinical UIse. A positive real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in conjunction with clinical and epidemiologic data, is the current standard for diagnosis, but several challenges still exist. […] Serological assays help to understand epidemiology better and to evaluate vaccine responses but they are unreliable for diagnosis in the acute phase of illness or assuming protective immunity. 2020-07-09
Providing care for the 99.9% during the COVID-19 pandemic: How ethics, equity, epidemiology, and cost per QALY inform healthcare policy. Managing healthcare in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) era should be guided by ethics, epidemiology, equity, and economics, not emotion. 2020-07-09
The newly emerged COVID-19 disease: a systemic review. This work aimed to provide insight on the newly emerged COVID-19, in the hope to gain a better understanding on the general overview, epidemiology, transmission, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and clinical outcomes as well as the prevention and control of COVID-19. 2020-07-10
Clinical features of 2019 novel coronavirus infection in Beijing. Patients with epidemiologic history, respiratory symptoms or fever were required to go to the fever clinic for screening. […] Epidemiologic features, clinical presentation, laboratory findings and image features were collected and analyzed. […] Fifteen (93.75%) patients had clear epidemiologic history. 2020-07-10
The COVID-19 pandemic. In this review, we provide information regarding the epidemiology, serological and molecular diagnosis, origin of SARS-CoV-2 and its ability to infect human cells, and safety issues. 2020-07-10
COVID-19 among Health Workers in Germany and Malaysia. Occupational health check-ups carried out at the present time should be systematically analyzed in order to gain more information on the epidemiology of COVID-19 among HW. 2020-07-11
Clinical characteristics and predictors of survival in adults with coronavirus disease 2019 receiving tocilizumab. Epidemiologic, demographic, laboratory, prognostic scores, treatment, and outcome data were collected and analyzed. 2020-07-11
A retrospective analysis of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and imaging characteristics of familial cluster-onset COVID-19. We report the epidemiology, radiological characteristics, treatment, and clinical outcomes of these patients. 2020-07-11
Comparison of test performance of commercial anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoassays in serum and plasma samples. For epidemiologic, social and economic reasons, assessment of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection prevalence and immunity are important to adapt decisions to current demands. 2020-07-12
Systemic autoimmune diseases, anti-rheumatic therapies, COVID-19 infection risk and patient outcomes. More research in the field is obviously required, including as a minimum careful and systematic epidemiology and appropriately controlled clinical trials. 2020-07-13
Long-term strategies to control COVID-19 in low and middle-income countries: an options overview of community-based, non-pharmacological interventions. However, an optimal epidemiology-focused strategy for ‘safe-reopening’ (i.e., balancing between the economic and health consequences) remain unclear, particularly given the suboptimal disease surveillance and diagnostic infrastructure in these settings. […] As the lockdown is now being relaxed in many LMICs, in this paper, we have (1) conducted an epidemiology-based “options appraisal” of various available non-pharmacological intervention options that can be employed to safely lift the lockdowns (namely, sustained mitigation, zonal lockdown and rolling lockdown strategies), and (2) propose suitable application, pre-requisites, and inherent limitations for each measure. 2020-07-14
Aspergillus fumigatus and pan-azole resistance: who should be concerned? The purpose of this review is to provide an update on azole resistance mechanisms and their epidemiology in A. fumigatus, the clinical implications of azole resistance, and to discuss future treatment options against azole-resistant aspergillosis. […] As new patient groups are increasingly recognized to be at increased risk for invasive aspergillosis, studies to define the epidemiology and management of azole-resistant A. fumigatus are critically needed. 2020-07-14
Development of a hyperimmune equine serum therapy for COVID-19 in Argentina. Vaccine development is no doubt the best long-term immunological approach, but in the current epidemiologic and health emergency there is a need for rapid and effective solutions. 2020-07-14
COVID-19: Review and hematologic impact. In order to address in a simple and practical way the various aspects related to SARS-CoV-2 infection, this review reports the history of the virus, the epidemiology and pathophysiology of COVID-19, with emphasis on its laboratory diagnosis, particularly in hematological changes found during the course of the disease. 2020-07-14
Brief validation of the novel GeneXpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 PCR assay. The clinical and epidemiologic management of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is critically dependent on molecular assays with short turn-around time. 2020-07-14
The laboratory’s role in combating COVID-19. Serological testing for antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 is becoming available for complementary diagnosis, identification of convalescent plasma, and epidemiologic studies. 2020-07-15
Detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in commercial passenger aircraft and cruise ship wastewater: a surveillance tool for assessing the presence of COVID-19 infected travellers. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can be an important source of information for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) management during and after the pandemic. 2020-07-15
COVID-19-associated coagulopathy - Hypothesis: Are Children protected due to enhanced thrombin inhibition by higher α2 -Macroglobulin (α2-M)? We are overwhelmed by scientific publications on clinical observations, virology and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 infections. 2020-07-15
Mathematical modeling and the transmission dynamics in predicting the Covid-19 - What next in combating the pandemic. Epidemiology models are key tools in public health management programs despite having a high level of uncertainty in each one of these models. 2020-07-16
Expert consensus on protocol of rehabilitation for COVID-19 patients using framework and approaches of WHO International Family Classifications. According to the epidemiology, virology, and clinical practice, there are varying degrees of changes in patients, involving the human body structure and function and the activity and participation. 2020-07-16
Pulmonary Angiopathy in Severe COVID-19: Physiologic, Imaging, and Hematologic Observations. Rationale: Clinical and epidemiologic data in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have accrued rapidly since the outbreak, but few address the underlying pathophysiology.Objectives: To ascertain the physiologic, hematologic, and imaging basis of lung injury in severe COVID-19 pneumonia.Methods: Clinical, physiologic, and laboratory data were collated. 2020-07-16
Sequential battery of COVID-19 testing to maximize negative predictive value before surgeries. We propose a sequential battery of testing consisting of an epidemiologic survey, RT-PCR tests, serologic tests and chest CT on surgical candidates which may increase the negative predictive value, and facilitate surgical procedures. 2020-07-16
MicroGMT: A Mutation Tracker for SARS-CoV-2 and Other Microbial Genome Sequences. With the continued spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus around the world, researchers often need to quickly identify novel mutations in newly sequenced SARS-CoV-2 genomes for studying the molecular evolution and epidemiology of the virus. 2020-07-17
Epidemiologic Characteristics, Transmission Chain, and Risk Factors of Severe Infection of COVID-19 in Tianjin, a Representative Municipality City of China. This study was performed to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and explore risk factors for severe infection. 2020-07-17
The Pathogenesis of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Evaluation and Prevention. In this review, we highlight the epidemiology, transmission, symptoms, and treatment of this disease, as well as future strategies to manage the spread of this fatal coronavirus. 2020-07-17
Indian Publications on SARS-CoV-2: A bibliometric study of WHO COVID-19 database. In terms of research area, the majority of the publications were related to Epidemiology. […] It is observed that the studies pertaining to virology, diagnosis and treatment, clinical features etc. have received highest citations than general studies on epidemiology or pandemic. 2020-07-17
Pediatric COVID-19 Disease: A Review of the Recent Literature. In this review, clinical characteristics, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of pediatric COVID-19 pneumonia based on the recent literature are discussed. 2020-07-17
Clinical characteristics of emergency surgery patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia in Wuhan, China. We aimed to investigate clinical symptoms and epidemiologic features of emergency surgery patients infected with the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). […] The associated clinical, laboratory, epidemiologic, demographic, radiologic, and outcome data were collected and analyzed. 2020-07-18
Epidemiology and outcomes of novel coronavirus 2019 in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. This article analyzes peer-reviewed research on the epidemiology and outcomes of COVID-19 in those with IMID. 2020-07-18
Descriptive Analysis of Patients Living With HIV Affected by COVID-19. This study presents epidemiologic and clinical features of COVID-19 infected PLWH in Detroit, Michigan. 2020-07-18
Rapid SARS-CoV-2 whole-genome sequencing and analysis for informed public health decision-making in the Netherlands. The combination of near to real-time whole-genome sequence analysis and epidemiology resulted in reliable assessments of the extent of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the community, facilitating early decision-making to control local transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the Netherlands. 2020-07-18
Neutralizing and cross-reacting antibodies: implications for immunotherapy and SARS-CoV-2 vaccine development. Here we briefly review the epidemiologic observations on HCoV and discuss the potential implications for neutralizing and cross-neutralizing antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. 2020-07-18
Notes From the Field: Use of Emergency Medical Service Data to Augment COVID-19 Public Health Surveillance in Montgomery County, Maryland, From March to June 2020. Epidemiologic and syndromic surveillance metrics traditionally used by public health departments can be enhanced to better predict hospitalization for coronavirus disease (COVID-19). 2020-07-18
A literature review of 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) infection in neonates and children. Since data regarding the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics in neonates and children developing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are scarce and originate mainly from one country (China), we reviewed all the current literature from 1 December 2019 to 7 May 2020 to provide useful information about SARS-CoV2 viral biology, epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical features, treatment, prevention, and hospital organization for clinicians dealing with this selected population. 2020-07-18
Supplementation with vitamin D in the COVID-19 pandemic? Epidemiologic studies of the relationship between vitamin D and various respiratory infections were reviewed and, here, the postulated mechanisms and clinical data supporting the protective role of vitamin D against COVID-19-mediated complications are discussed. 2020-07-18
Neurologic and neuroimaging findings in patients with COVID-19: A retrospective multicenter study. To describe neuroimaging findings and to report the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with neurologic manifestations. 2020-07-19
Coronaviruses in cattle. This paper will cover epidemiology, taxonomy, pathogenesis, clinical signs, diagnosis, therapy, economic impact and prevention of coronavirus infections in cattle. 2020-07-19
Advances in the possible treatment of COVID-19: A review. However, rapid research on SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology help unveiling some new targets for potential drug therapies. 2020-07-20
COVID-19-associated coagulopathy. In this review, we summarize the current understanding on the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical and laboratory features and management of coagulopathy associated with COVID-19. 2020-07-20
Improving the early diagnosis of suspected patients with COVID-19: a retrospective study of 106 patients. This study aimed to analyze the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 to better differentiate the suspected patients in Beijing, China. […] Clinical and epidemiologic data were collected from suspected patients with COVID-19 admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 29 to February 21, 2020. […] The confirmed patients and highly suspected patients had a significantly higher proportion of epidemiologic history than the excluded patients (P < 0.001). […] The epidemiologic history was of great significance in the early diagnosis of COVID-19. 2020-07-20
Brugada syndrome. In this review, we summarise the current knowledge on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, genetics, clinical diagnosis, risk stratification and treatment of patients with BrS, with special emphasis on COVID-19 comorbidity. 2020-07-21
Risk of COVID-19 in oncohematological patients. In general, the epidemiologic behavior of community-acquired respiratory viruses among oncology patients resembles that of the general population. 2020-07-21
Outcomes of COVID-19 in patients with CLL: a multicenter international experience. Future epidemiologic studies are needed to assess severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection risk, these data should be validated independently, and randomized studies of BTKi’s in COVID-19 are needed to provide definitive evidence of benefit. 2020-07-21
Clinical characteristics and treatment of critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Hebei. We aimed to clarify the epidemiology, laboratory examinations, imaging findings, and treatment of critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Hebei province, China. 2020-07-22
COVID-19 and Cataract Surgery Backlog in Medicare Beneficiaries. Epidemiologic modeling METHODS:: Baseline trends in cataract surgery among Medicare beneficiaries were assessed by querying the Medicare Part B Provider Utilization National Summary data. 2020-07-23
What Now? Epidemiology in the Wake of a Pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic and the coming transition to a post-pandemic world where COVID-19 will likely remain as an incident disease present a host of challenges and opportunities in epidemiologic research. […] The scale and universality of this disruption to life and health provide unique opportunities to study phenomena, and health challenges, in all branches of epidemiology, from the obvious infectious disease and social consequences, to less clear impacts on chronic disease and cancer. 2020-07-23
Reckoning With the Relation Between Stressors and Suicide Attempts in a Time of Covid-19. 2020;(XX):XXXX-XXXX) use representative data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to show that four dimensions of financial strain-financial debt/crisis, unemployment, past homelessness, lower income-are associated with subsequent suicide attempts. 2020-07-23
The Natural History, Pathobiology, and Clinical Manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 Infections. Intense global efforts have targeted research into a better understanding of the epidemiology, molecular biology, pharmacology, and pathobiology of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-07-23
SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics in the virology laboratory of a University Hospital in Rome during the lockdown period. This study aims to provide a snapshot of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemiology based on a single-center laboratory experience in Rome. […] This analysis allowed to gather comprehensive information on SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology in our area, highlighting positivity variations over time and in different sex and age group and the need for a continuous surveillance of the infection, mostly because the pandemic evolution remains unknown. 2020-07-23
Respiratory viral sepsis: epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment. This review aims to give a brief summary of current knowledge of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of viral sepsis. 2020-07-24
Fatal Outcome in a Kidney-Pancreas Transplant Recipient With COVID-19. Clinical courses of COVID-19 are variable and unpredictable, while some epidemiologic and clinical factors have been found to have a negative impact on the disease prognosis. 2020-07-24
The Origin of COVID-19 and Why It Matters. Nevertheless, a large body of virologic, epidemiologic, veterinary, and ecologic data establishes that the new virus, SARS-CoV-2, evolved directly or indirectly from a β-coronavirus in the sarbecovirus (SARS-like virus) group that naturally infect bats and pangolins in Asia and Southeast Asia. 2020-07-24
Kidney transplant recipients infected by COVID-19: Review of the initial published experience. The aim of this review was to summarize the existing literature specifically in kidney transplant (KTx) recipients, with an emphasis on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, laboratory findings, post-operative outcomes, and therapeutic strategies currently employed. 2020-07-24
Geographic components of SARS-CoV-2 expansion: a hypothesis. Amidst the initial spread of SARS-CoV-2 across Asia, an epidemiologic trend emerged in relation to high altitude (HA) populations. 2020-07-24
Integrative role of traditional and modern technologies to combat COVID-19. The most relevant reports from the recent two decades were collected utilizing keywords including SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, COVID-19, epidemiology, therapeutics and diagnosis. 2020-07-25
Reviewing COVID-19 Modelling amidst Recent United States Protests. The unfortunate death of George Floyd in Minnesota, following police brutality, is deeply regrettable, and the ensuing protests in cities across the United States bring up issues on the potential impacts of the protests on the epidemiology of COVID-19 in the United States. 2020-07-25
Treatment of acute respiratory failure in the course of COVID-19. Practical hints from the expert panel of the Assembly of Intensive Care and Rehabilitation of the Polish Respiratory Society. The authors of this article set themselves the goal of presenting the most current knowledge about the epidemiology and patho-physiology of respiratory failure in COVID-19, as well as the methods of its treatment. 2020-07-25
Modeling the effect of area deprivation on COVID-19 incidences: a study of Chennai megacity, India. The goal of the research was to explore the association between deprivation of socio-economic status (SES) and spatial patterns of COVID-19 incidence in Chennai megacity for unfolding the disease epidemiology. 2020-07-25
Simulating the effect of school closure during COVID-19 outbreaks in Ontario, Canada. We developed an age-structured agent-based simulation model and parameterized it with the demographics of Ontario stratified by age and the latest estimates of COVID-19 epidemiologic characteristics. […] While highlighting the importance of SI, our findings indicate the need for better understanding of the epidemiologic characteristics of emerging diseases on the effectiveness of social distancing measures. 2020-07-26
Validation and performance comparison of three SARS-CoV-2 antibody assays. Serology testing of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is increasingly being used during the current pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), although its clinical and epidemiologic utilities are still debatable. 2020-07-26
Coronaviruses in wastewater processes: Source, fate and potential risks. There is an increased interest in the occurrence of coronaviruses in wastewater from the perspective of wastewater-based epidemiology. 2020-07-26
Early Recognition of Coronavirus 2019 Disease (COVID-19) Infection in Surgical Inpatients: The Importance of a Risk-Stratified Approach for Early Testing and Isolation. Patients and Methods: Over a four-month period from January to April 2020, surgical patients admitted with concurrent respiratory symptom, infiltrates on chest imaging, or suspicious travel/epidemiologic history were placed in a dedicated ward in which they were tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). 2020-07-28
Particle sizes of infectious aerosols: implications for infection control. The variability of infectious aerosol production, with some so-called super-emitters producing much higher amounts of infectious aerosol than most, might help to explain the epidemiology of super-spreading. 2020-07-28
HLA-B44 and C01 Prevalence Correlates with Covid19 Spreading across Italy. Our epidemiologic analysis, despite the limits of the ecological approach, is strongly suggestive of a permissive role of HLA-C01 and B44 towards SARS-CoV-2 infection, which warrants further investigation in case-control studies. 2020-07-29
Epidemiology of the first 100 cases of COVID-19 in Taiwan and its implications on outbreak control. To describe the epidemiology and outcome of the first 100 COVID-19 cases in Taiwan. 2020-07-29
Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 1663 hospitalized patients infected with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a single-center experience. We aimed to describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of hospitalized COVID-19 patients, and to investigate the potential risk factors for COVID-19 severity. 1663 hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed diagnosed COVID-19 from Tongji Hospital between January 14, 2020, and February 28, 2020 were included in the present study. 2020-07-29
Self-disseminating vaccines to suppress zoonoses. We then outline a road map for overcoming remaining technical challenges: identifying high-risk pathogens before they emerge, optimizing vaccine design with an eye to evolution, behaviour and epidemiology, and minimizing the risk of unintended consequences. 2020-07-29
Isolation and phylogenetic analysis of SARS-CoV-2 variants collected in Russia during the COVID-19 outbreak. The objective of this study was to determine the molecular epidemiology of the COVID-19 outbreak in Russia. […] A phylogenetic analysis of all available Russian sequences was then performed and these were compared to the epidemiological data on COVID-19 incidence to evaluate the molecular epidemiology and pattern of virus spread in the territory of Russia. 2020-07-30
SARS-CoV-2 infection pathogenesis is related to oxidative stress as a response to aggression. Thousands of studies are being devoted to understanding its epidemiology, its molecular characteristics, its mechanisms, and the clinical evolution of this viral infection. 2020-07-30
Clinical characteristics of 31 hemodialysis patients with 2019 novel coronavirus: a retrospective study. The clinical features of patients include epidemiology, clinical symptoms, laboratory and imaging test, treatment and prognosis. 2020-07-30
Prevalence of depression and its correlative factors among female adolescents in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak. Depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the correlative factors of depression were analyzed. 2020-07-30
A Systematic Analysis of Studies on Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) from Viral Emergence to Treatment. This systematic review discusses epidemiology, pathogenesis, transmission, clinical manifestations, severity, treatment, prevention, vaccination, medication repositioning, potential drug candidates, and control and public awareness of COVID-19. […] Key Words: COVID-19, Pandemic, Epidemiology, Virology, SARS-CoV-2, World Health Organization, Corona Virus. 2020-07-30
COVID-19 and Kidney Disease: Update on Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Pathophysiology and Management. This article aimed to investigate the history, virology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, pathophysiology and management of COVID-19 disease, in general, and the pathogenetic mechanisms of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2)-induced kidney damage, in particular. 2020-07-30
COVID-19 outbreak following a single patient exposure at an entertainment site: An epidemiological study. We investigated an outbreak of COVID-19 infection, which was traced back to a bathing pool at an entertainment venue, to explore the epidemiology of the outbreak, understand the transmissibility of the virus and analyse the influencing factors. 2020-07-30
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 and Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Clinical Overview and Primer. The purpose of this review article is therefore to provide a rapid, comprehensive, and relevant overview and primer on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19, with attention to the epidemiology, virology, transmission, clinical features, and major therapeutic options currently existent. 2020-07-30
Epidemiology of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Emergence Amidst Community-Acquired Respiratory Viruses. We validated the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended SARS-CoV-2 assay and analyzed the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 and CARVs. […] We hypothesize that preexisting immune memory and innate immune interference contribute to the different SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology among adults and children. 2020-07-30
[Analysis of clinical characteristics of 49 cases of COVID-19]. Methods: The epidemiology, clinical symptoms, laboratory and radiologic data of 49 patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to the department of infectious disease in our hospital from January 23, 2020 to February 22, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. 2020-07-31
SARS-CoV-2: characteristics and current advances in research. Besides, viral structure, epidemiology characteristics and pathological characteristics are also different. 2020-07-31
Coronavirus disease - COVID-19: new perceptives towards epidemic to pandemic. The aim of our present review is to furnish brief details about the statistics, diagnosis, epidemiology, pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of COVID-19 to assist researchers and the society at large to come to grip with the deadly disease.HighlightsCumbersome outbreak of the novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) became a pandemicAt June 19, 2020, as per WHO report 8,618,787 infected cases and 457,275 dead were recorded globallyMajor spread was found to be human to human transmissionsPeople with positive COVID-19 were infected with severe respiratory syndromeMore animal and clinical studies have to be done to overcome this pandemic. 2020-07-31
How to keep patients and staff safe from accidental SARS-CoV-2 exposure in the emergency room: Lessons from South Korea’s explosive COVID-19 outbreak. To prevent nosocomial transmission of the disease, we subsequently isolated patients with suspected symptoms, relevant radiographic findings, or epidemiology. 2020-07-31
COVID-19: a wreak havoc across the globe. In this detailed review, we have discussed the structure of SARS-CoV-2, essential proteins, its lifecycle, transmission, symptoms, pathology, clinical features, diagnosis, prevention, treatment and epidemiology of the disease. 2020-07-31
A comparative overview of COVID-19, MERS and SARS: Review article. This review analyzes the epidemiology, etiology, clinical characteristics, treatment and sequelae of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to help provide direction for further studies that can help understand COVID-19. 2020-07-31
Genome Sequences of SARS-CoV-2 Strains Detected in Hong Kong. Epidemiological and clinical features of these coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases were presented for genomic epidemiology studies. 2020-08-01
Epistemic responsibility in the face of a pandemic. While non-experts should defer to epidemiologists with regard to matters within the sphere of epidemiology specifically, responding to the pandemic requires expertise from many fields. 2020-08-01
Prevalence of Comorbidities in COVID-19 Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. We searched all relevant databases on April 7th, 2020 using the keywords (“novel coronavirus” OR COVID-19 OR SARS-CoV-2 OR Coronavirus) AND (comorbidities OR clinical characteristics OR epidemiologic*). 2020-08-01
Prevalence of anxiety and depression symptom, and the demands for psychological knowledge and interventions in college students during COVID-19 epidemic: A large cross-sectional study. The Zung’s Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D Scale) were used to define the anxiety and depression symptom, respectively. 2020-08-01
Guidelines for COVID-19 Management in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Recipients. There are currently limited data on the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and optimal management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in hematopoietic cell transplantation and cellular therapy recipients. […] Specific practices may vary depending on local epidemiology and testing capacity, and the guidance provided in this document may change as new information becomes available. 2020-08-01
PROTECT Trial: A cluster-randomized study with hydroxychloroquine versus observational support for prevention or early-phase treatment of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): A structured summary of a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Since up to date reduced evidence about COVID-19 infection epidemiology, the continuous update of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, the sample size estimation could be updated after a one third of population will be recruited and eventually modified according to a substantial protocol amendment. 2020-08-02
The African-American population with a low allele frequency of SNP rs1990760 (T allele) in IFIH1 predicts less IFN-beta expression and potential vulnerability to COVID-19 infection. The role of IFIH1 polymorphism, rs1990760 (C>T; aaA946T) in the epidemiology of viral infection is well studied, and the minor allele T resists viral infection. 2020-08-02
Observations of the global epidemiology of COVID-19 from the prepandemic period using web-based surveillance: a cross-sectional analysis. Background Scant data are available about global patterns of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread and global epidemiology of early confirmed cases of COVID-19 outside mainland China. 2020-08-02
COVID-19 outbreak in Jordan: Epidemiological features, clinical characteristics, and laboratory findings. This retrospective study is the first from Jordan to report the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and radiologic characteristics of COVID-19 infected patients. 2020-08-04
Understanding genomic diversity, pan-genome, and evolution of SARS-CoV-2. Since December 2019, genomes of numerous isolates have been sequenced and analyzed for testing confirmation, epidemiology, and evolutionary studies. 2020-08-04
Acute Kidney Injury in the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Disease. In this review, we summarize the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 induced AKI by focusing on its epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical diagnosis, and treatment. 2020-08-04
Incidence of co-infections and superinfections in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study. To describe the burden, epidemiology and outcomes of co-infections and superinfections occurring in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). […] We describe demographic, epidemiologic, laboratory and microbiologic results, as well as outcome data retrieved from electronic health records. 2020-08-04
Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19): An Updated Review. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the coronavirus, disease epidemiology, clinical manifestations and risk factors, replication of the virus, pathophysiology and host immune responses of SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020-08-04
Dynamic changes in clinical and CT characteristics of COVID-19 cases with different exposure histories: a retrospective study. To assess the dynamic changes in clinical and CT characteristics of COVID-19 patients with different epidemiology histories. 2020-08-05
Physicians’ Perspectives on COVID-19: An International Survey. We designed an on-line survey with 30 questions to assess physicians’ perception of personal impact as well as epidemiology, clinical features, management, and outcome in COVID-19. 2020-08-05
Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Childbearing-Age Women With COVID-19 in Wuhan: Retrospective, Single-Center Study. The epidemiology and clinical and laboratory features of pregnant women with COVID-19 were diverse and atypical, which increased the difficulty of diagnosis. 2020-08-05
Review on the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic: Its outbreak and current status. In the current study, we performed a literature review on coronavirus outbreak to summarise details about the pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis and the management strategies for the disease control. 2020-08-05
Preliminary Study of Sars-Cov-2 Occurrence in Wastewater in the Czech Republic. Our preliminary results indicate that an epidemiology approach that focuses on the determination of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater could be suitable for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance in the population. 2020-08-06
Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism in 2020 and Beyond. In this review, we discuss how an understanding of VTE epidemiology and the results of thromboprophylaxis trials have shaped the current approach to VTE prevention. 2020-08-06
The COVID-19 Pandemic and Planetary Health. A Critical Review of Epidemiology, Prevention, Clinical Characteristics and Treatments for Oral, Head and Neck Health Professionals. Do We Have a Roadmap? Objective The present review summarizes currently published evidence of Covid-19 epidemiology, clinical characteristics, treatment and prevention. 2020-08-06
Smoking and COVID-19: Similar bronchial ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression and higher TMPRSS4 expression in current versus never smokers. Uncertainties remain concerning the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and potential therapeutics for COVID-19. 2020-08-07
Role of comorbidities like diabetes on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2: A review. This review highlights the current scenario of coronavirus disease in pre-existing diabetic patients, epidemiology, molecular perception, investigations, treatment and management of COVID-19 disease in patients with pre-existing diabetes. 2020-08-08
SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater: State of the knowledge and research needs. Here, we review the current knowledge related to the potential of wastewater surveillance to understand the epidemiology of COVID-19, methodologies for the detection and quantification of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater, and information relevant for human health risk assessment of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-08-08
Comparison of virus concentration methods for the RT-qPCR-based recovery of murine hepatitis virus, a surrogate for SARS-CoV-2 from untreated wastewater. There is currently a clear benefit for many countries to utilize wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) as part of ongoing measures to manage the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic. 2020-08-08
Did the COVID-19 pandemic silence the needs of people with epilepsy? Epilepsy care was negatively impacted by the pandemic, irrespective of COVID-19 epidemiology or conversion of the hospital into a COVID-19 centre. 2020-08-08
How do we fight COVID-19? Military medical actions in the war against the COVID-19 pandemic in France. The French Military Centre for Epidemiology and Public Health provided all information needed to guide the decision-making process. 2020-08-08
Methods for a Seamless Transition From Tracheostomy to Spontaneous Breathing in Patients With COVID-19. The majority of reports thus far have focused on the epidemiology, clinical factors, and acute care of these patients, with less attention given to the recovery phase and care of those patients requiring extended time on mechanical ventilation. 2020-08-08
COVID-19 and the Kidney: From Epidemiology to Clinical Practice. In this article, attention is focused on the epidemiology, etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms of kidney damage, histopathology, clinical features in nephropathic patients (CKD, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, AKI, transplantation) and prevention and containment strategies. 2020-08-08
Characteristics and Outcomes of Contacts of COVID-19 Patients Monitored Using an Automated Symptom Monitoring Tool - Maine, May-June 2020. Epidemiologic investigations were conducted for enrollees who reported symptoms or received a positive SARS-CoV-2 test result. 2020-08-08
Clinical and Epidemiological Features of 46 Children <1 Year Old With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China: A Descriptive Study. However, little is known about the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 infants. 2020-08-08
Photo-epidemiology to estimate face covering use in select areas in Asia versus the Americas and Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using photo-epidemiology, we found extreme variation in COVID-19 related face covering use in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (97%); Lima, Peru (86%); Kerala, India (41%); Cuernavaca, Mexico (25%); Atlanta, USA (21%); and Kinshasa, DRC (4%) probably attributable to differences in population experience with face coverings and variations in timing and implementation of relevant advisories. 2020-08-08
Susceptible-Infectious-Recovered (SIR) model based forecasting of COVID-19 outbreak in Bangladesh. The initial three known cases were accounted for by the nation’s Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) on 7 March 2020 [1]. 2020-08-08
Viral Infections of the Upper Airway in the Setting of COVID-19: A Primer for Rhinologists. There has been significant progress in our understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of various respiratory viruses. 2020-08-09
Epidemiological and clinical features of pediatric COVID-19. Compared to adults, COVID-19 in children has distinct features of epidemiology and clinical manifestations. 2020-08-09
Increased Risk of Acquisition of New Delhi Metallo-Beta-Lactamase-Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales (NDM-CRE) among a Cohort of COVID-19 Patients in a Teaching Hospital in Tuscany, Italy. We describe the epidemiology of New Delhi Metallo-Beta-Lactamase-Producing Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacterales (NDM-CRE) colonization/infection in a cohort of COVID-19 patients in an Italian teaching hospital. 2020-08-09
Comprehensive Analyses of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission in a Public Health Virology Laboratory. This study demonstrates the advantages of molecular epidemiology in elucidating transmission events and exemplifies the importance of good laboratory practice, distancing and mask wearing in preventing SARS-CoV-2 spread, specifically in healthcare facilities. 2020-08-09
The Global Emergency of Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2): An Update of the Current Status and Forecasting. Based on the current published evidence, herein we summarize the origin, genetics, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, preventions, diagnosis and up to date treatments of SARS-CoV-2 infections in comparison with those caused by SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. 2020-08-09
A Pediatric Infectious Disease Perspective on COVID-19. This review highlights the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of COVID-19 in children and neonates and contrasts these features with other common respiratory viruses. 2020-08-09
Computed tomography surveillance helps tracking COVID-19 outbreak. To reveal that a computed tomography surveillance program (CT-surveillance) could demonstrate the epidemiologic features of COVID-19 infection and simultaneously investigate the type and frequency of CT findings using clinical CT data. […] Using clinical CT data, CT-surveillance program delineated the epidemiologic features of COVID-19 infection. 2020-08-09
Current Status of Etiology, Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations and Imagings for COVID-19. The published data has enriched our knowledge on the etiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and pathologic findings of COVID-19. 2020-08-09
Primary concentration - The critical step in implementing the wastewater based epidemiology for the COVID-19 pandemic: A mini-review. A new research direction is attracting a significant amount of attention in the academic community of environmental sciences and engineering, in which rapid community-level monitoring could be achieved by applying the methodology of wastewater based epidemiology (WBE). 2020-08-10
First proof of the capability of wastewater surveillance for COVID-19 in India through detection of genetic material of SARS-CoV-2. We made the first ever successful effort in India to detect the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2 viruses to understand the capability and application of wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) surveillance in India. 2020-08-10
Outbreak of COVID-19: An emerging global pandemic threat. This review summarizes the epidemiology, virology, clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and particularly the antiviral drugs currently under clinical trials for treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection, together with the challenges and perspectives of this disease are also discussed. 2020-08-10
Serological detection of 2019-nCoV respond to the epidemic: A useful complement to nucleic acid testing. We used an automated chemiluminescent immunoassay to detect serum IgM and IgG antibodies to the 2019-nCoV in 742 subjects, so as to observe the dynamic process of antibody production in COVID-19 disease and seroepidemiology in different populations. 2020-08-11
Molecular and Immunological Diagnostic Tests of COVID-19: Current Status and Challenges. These analyses will assist in selecting most effective tests for a given application, for example, epidemiology or global pandemic research, population screening, hospital-based testing, home-based and point-of-care testing, and therapeutic trials. 2020-08-11
Prolonged social lockdown during COVID-19 pandemic and hip fracture epidemiology. To analyse the impact of prolonged mandatory lockdown due to COVID-19 on hip fracture epidemiology. 2020-08-11
Imaging findings of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pediatrics: A systematic review of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in 850 patients. Although the knowledge on the clinical and epidemiology of COVID-19 in pediatric patients is being accumulated rapidly, relevant comprehensive review on its radiological manifestations is still lacking. 2020-08-11
Coronavirus disease 2019 in children: Clinical & epidemiological implications. This review provides an update on clinical features, diagnosis, epidemiology, management and prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. 2020-08-11
Medically Attended Outpatient Coronavirus Infections in Ecuadorean Children During the 20 Months Preceding Countrywide Lockdown Related to the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic of 2020. The epidemiology and manifestations of HCoV infections have not been previously reported from Ecuador. 2020-08-11
Fracture management during COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic review. Few studies focusing on epidemiology and management of fractures in COVID-19 patients have been published. 2020-08-11
COVID-19 outbreak and surgical practice: The rationale for suspending non-urgent surgeries and role of testing modalities. The focus of the media during this pandemic is centered on predictive epidemiologic curves and models. 2020-08-11
Epidemiology of COVID-19 and Predictors of Recovery in the Republic of Korea. Though current evidence on the epidemiology of the disease is emerging, very little is known about the predictors of recovery. […] To describe the epidemiology of confirmed COVID-19 patients in the Republic of Korea and identify predictors of recovery. 2020-08-11
COVID-19: An Update Regarding the Quest for Finding an Effective Cure. There are now many publications about its etiology, epidemiology, investigations, and clinical presentation. 2020-08-11
Hand injuries treated at a hand emergency center during the COVID-19 lockdown. Given this situation and the consequences of hand injuries, we studied the epidemiology of hand injuries in an accredited FESSH emergency center during the lockdown in France (March 17 to May 10, 2020) due to the coronavirus outbreak. 2020-08-11
What every Intensivist should know about COVID-19 associated acute kidney injury. In this article, we describe the epidemiology and pathophysiology of COVID-19 associated AKI, outline current management and suggest strategies to provide RRT during a pandemic when resources may be scarce. 2020-08-11
The outbreak of the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): A review of the current global status. Since the beginning of this outbreak, several interesting papers on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 have been published to report on the phylogenetic evolution, epidemiology, pathogenesis, transmission as well as clinical characteristics of COVID-19 and possible treatments agents. 2020-08-12
Clinical Course and Molecular Viral Shedding Among Asymptomatic and Symptomatic Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Community Treatment Center in the Republic of Korea. Epidemiologic, demographic, and laboratory data were collected and analyzed. 2020-08-12
From Intensive Care to Step-Down Units: Managing Patients Throughput in Response to COVID-19. Solutions tailored on local epidemiology and available resources should be implemented to preserve efficiency and adaptability of our institutions and provide adequate sanitary response. 2020-08-12
Spectrum of neonatal COVID-19 in Iran: 19 infants with SARS-CoV-2 perinatal infections with varying test results, clinical findings and outcomes. This communication describes the epidemiology, diagnostic test results and clinical findings of neonatal COVID-19 during the pandemic in Iran. […] These cases have notable variation in the epidemiology, clinical features, results of testing and clinical outcomes among the infected newborns. 2020-08-14
Pathophysiology of COVID-19: Mechanisms Underlying Disease Severity and Progression. The global epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) suggests a wide spectrum of clinical severity, ranging from asymptomatic to fatal. 2020-08-14
First environmental surveillance for the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater and river water in Japan. Wastewater-based epidemiology is a powerful tool to understand the actual incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a community because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological agent of COVID-19, can be shed in the feces of infected individuals regardless of their symptoms. 2020-08-14
Nationwide Results of COVID-19 Contact Tracing in South Korea: Individual Participant Data From an Epidemiological Survey. There were 2537 patients with confirmed COVID-19 who completed the epidemiologic survey: 1305 (51.4%) cluster cases and 1232 (48.6%) noncluster cases. 2020-08-14
Rapid Deployment of a Free, Privacy-Assured COVID-19 Symptom Tracker for Public Safety During Reopening: System Development and Feasibility Study. Institutions provide their constituents with a unique identifier to enter data through a web-based user interface to collect vetted symptoms as well as clinical and epidemiologic data. 2020-08-14
Willingness to Use Home Collection Methods to Provide Specimens for SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Research: Survey Study. To increase participation and minimize bias, epidemiologic research studies of SARS-CoV-2 infection and immune response should consider home specimen collection methods. 2020-08-14
Characteristic changes of traumatic dental injuries in a teaching hospital of Wuhan under transmission control measures during the COVID-19 epidemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in the characteristics of TDIs under the transmission control measures in Wuhan City utilizing an epidemiologic investigation. […] In this retrospective study, epidemiologic information, including the number of patients, gender, age, and TDI parameters such as time since injury to the clinic visit, etiology, tooth location, and the type of injury was extracted from the records of patients in the hospital from two periods: period 1 (between January 23, 2020, and April 7, 2020) and period 2 (between January 23, 2019, and April 7, 2019). […] The transmission control measures during the COVID-19 epidemic had a significant impact on the epidemiology and etiology of TDIs in Wuhan City. 2020-08-14
COVID-19 Clinical Characteristics, and Sex-Specific Risk of Mortality: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. There have been no published systematic reviews that combine clinical, laboratory, epidemiologic, and mortality findings. 2020-08-15
A bibliometric analysis using VOSviewer of publications on COVID-19. Totally 3,626 publications on the topic of COVID-19 were identified and “COVID-19” with a total link strength of 2,649 appeared as the most frequent keyword, which had a strong link to “pneumonia” and “epidemiology”. 2020-08-15
Outcomes and epidemiology of COVID-19 infection in the obstetric population. The purpose of this review is assess current epidemiology and outcomes research related to COVID-19 with a focus on obstetric patients. […] This review covers the global spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, symptomatology, modes of transmission, and current knowledge gaps related to epidemiology and outcomes for the obstetric population. 2020-08-17
To avoid the noncausal association between environmental factor and COVID-19 when using aggregated data: Simulation-based counterexamples for demonstration. In the infectious disease epidemiology, the association between an independent factor and disease incidence (or death) counts may fail to infer the association with disease transmission (or mortality risk). 2020-08-18
SARS-CoV-2 in soils. Specifically, studies focusing on wastewater could be used for early warning, based on wastewater based epidemiology precepts. 2020-08-18
Drastic Reduction Inpatient Visits to the Emergency Department in a Hospital in Israel During the COVID-19 Outbreak, Compared to the H1N1 2009. Employing a cross-sectional epidemiologic study, the pattern of visits to the ED during the COVID-19 was compared with the pattern of visits during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, as well as a year without a pandemic. 2020-08-18
Awareness, Perceptions, and Attitude Regarding Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Among Ophthalmologists in Jordan: Cross-Sectional Online Survey. Ophthalmologists in Jordan were aware of the epidemiology of COVID-19 and related infection preventive measures. 2020-08-18
Investigation of a family cluster outbreak of COVID-19 indicates the necessity of CT screening for asymptomatic family members in close contact with confirmed patients. We retrospectively analyzed the data of a family cluster of 8 individuals, of whom 1 family member (Patient 3) had an epidemiologic history of having visited Guangzhou from Hubei Province on January 20, 2020. 2020-08-18
Protocol: Leveraging a demographic and health surveillance system for Covid-19 Surveillance in rural KwaZulu-Natal. Our primary aims include: describing the epidemiology of the Covid-19 epidemic in rural KwaZulu-Natal; determining the impact of the Covid-19 outbreak and non-pharmaceutical control interventions (NPI) on behaviour and wellbeing; determining the impact of HIV and tuberculosis on Covid-19 susceptibility; and using collected data to support the local public-sector health response. 2020-09-02
Changing epidemiology of SARS-CoV in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. In this context, the presence of the asymptomatic individuals could be a significant concern for SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology. 2020-08-18
Epidemiology, outcomes and associated factors of COVID-19 RT-PCR confirmed cases in the San Pedro Sula Metropolitan Area, Honduras. Here, we aim to describe the epidemiology and outcomes associated with COVID-19 in Honduras. 2020-08-18
A New Era of Epidemiology: Digital Epidemiology for Investigating the COVID-19 Outbreak in China. Although the ethical issues related to using digital epidemiology are still under debate, the cases reported in this article may enable the identification of more effective public health measures, as well as future applications of such digitally directed epidemiological approaches in controlling infectious disease outbreaks, which offer an alternative and modern outlook on addressing the long-standing challenges in population health. 2020-08-18
Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors of Cardiac Involvement in COVID-19. Epidemiologic and demographic characteristics, clinical features, routine laboratory tests (including cardiac injury biomarkers), echocardiography, electrocardiography, chest imaging findings, management methods, and clinical outcomes were collected. 2020-08-19
COVID-19: Underpinning Research for Detection, Therapeutics, and Vaccines Development. In order to find studies evaluating the COVID-19 virus epidemiology, repurposed drugs and potential vaccines, web searches and bibliographical bases have been used with keywords that matches the content of this review. 2020-08-20
High prevalence of early asymptomatic venous thromboembolism in anticoagulated COVID-19 patients hospitalized in general wards. Conflicting results exist regarding the epidemiology of VTE for unselected anticoagulated COVID-19 patients hospitalized in general wards. 2020-08-20
Debate: Recognising and responding to the mental health needs of young people in the era of COVID-19. As epidemiology and clinical practice will reveal the actual needs of young people, the hope is that we will find the focus and determination to build new solutions to promote young people’s mental health. 2020-08-20
The epidemiological burden and overall distribution of chronic comorbidities in coronavirus disease-2019 among 202,005 infected patients: evidence from a systematic review and meta-analysis. There is urgent need to further enhance systematic and real-time sharing of epidemiologic data, clinical results, and experience to inform the global response to COVID-19. 2020-08-20
Analytical and Clinical Evaluation of the Automated Elecsys Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Assay on the Roche cobas e602 Analyzer. To better understand its epidemiologic spread and to support policies aimed at curtailing further infections, reliable serologic testing is crucial for providing insight into the dynamics of the spread of COVID-19 on a population level. 2020-08-21
COVID-19 and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents. We review the epidemiology, causes, clinical features, and current treatment protocols for multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents associated with COVID-19. 2020-08-21
Utilizing drug repurposing against COVID-19 - Efficacy, limitations, and challenges. We have briefly discussed COVID-19 epidemiology, and then have discussed drug repurposing approaches and examples, specific to respiratory viruses. 2020-08-21
Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of 43 COVID-19 patients in Weifang, China. To investigate the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Weifang, China. 2020-08-22
Evolutionary and structural analyses of SARS-CoV-2 D614G spike protein mutation now documented worldwide. We also applied structural bioinformatics to assess the potential impact of D614G on the virulence and epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-08-22
Epidemiology of COVID-19 Outbreak on Cruise Ship Quarantined at Yokohama, Japan, February 2020. To improve understanding of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), we assessed the epidemiology of an outbreak on a cruise ship, February 5-24, 2020. 2020-08-22
Real-time public health communication of local SARS-CoV-2 genomic epidemiology. Genomic epidemiology can provide a unique, real-time understanding of SARS-CoV-2 transmission patterns. 2020-08-22
Understanding COVID-19: From Origin to Potential Therapeutics. In this review, we have compiled the up to date information about the origins, evolution, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of this disease. 2020-08-23
Molecular Epidemiology Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Strains Circulating in Romania during the First Months of the Pandemic. We performed a molecular epidemiology analysis of SARS-CoV-2 viral strains circulating in Romania during the first two months of the epidemic in order to detect mutation profiles and phylogenetic relatedness. 2020-08-23
COVID-19 Lockdown: Housing Built Environment’s Effects on Mental Health. We argue that a strengthened multi-interdisciplinary approach, involving urban planning, public mental health, environmental health, epidemiology, and sociology, is needed to investigate the effects of the built environment on mental health, so as to inform welfare and housing policies centered on population well-being. 2020-08-23
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Exhibits High Predicted Binding Affinity to ACE2 from Lagomorphs (Rabbits and Pikas). These findings suggest that the spike of SARS-CoV-2 could bind the ACE2 receptor of lagomorphs, and future studies should investigate the role of lagomorphs in SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology. 2020-08-23
Clinical Course of 195 Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients: A Retrospective Multicenter Study. Epidemiologic data, clinical features, treatments, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. 2020-08-23
Sex and gender: modifiers of health, disease, and medicine. These disparities are noted in epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, disease progression, and response to treatment. 2020-08-24
A review for natural polysaccharides with anti-pulmonary fibrosis properties, which may benefit to patients infected by 2019-nCoV. It is strongly supported for that PF should be one of the major complications in COVID-19 patients by the evidences of epidemiology, viral immunology and current clinical researches. 2020-08-25
Advances in Viral Diagnostic Technologies for Combating COVID-19 and Future Pandemics. Viral antigen tests and serological tests that detect host antibodies have also been developed for studying the epidemiology of COVID-19 and estimating the population that may have immunity to SARS-CoV-2. 2020-08-25
COVID-19: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Transmission, Symptoms. Here we describe the epidemiology, pathophysiology, transmission, and symptoms of the virus. 2020-08-25
COVID-19 and SARS-CoV-2. Modeling the present, looking at the future. Here, we review these three main areas of modeling research against SARS CoV-2 and COVID-19: (1) epidemiology; (2) drug repurposing; and (3) vaccine design. 2020-08-25
Statistically-based methodology for revealing real contagion trends and correcting delay-induced errors in the assessment of COVID-19 pandemic. Using a statistically-based algorithm, we perform a temporal reclassification of cases to avoid delay-induced errors, building up new epidemiologic curves centered in the day where the contagion effectively occurred. 2020-08-25
A review on presence, survival, disinfection/removal methods of coronavirus in wastewater and progress of wastewater-based epidemiology. The concept is known as wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) or sewage epidemiology. 2020-08-25
Post-lockdown detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the wastewater of Montpellier, France. Future epidemiologic investigations shall explain such asynchronous finding. 2020-08-25
Similarity maps and pairwise predictions for transmission dynamics of COVID-19 with neural networks. The primary novelty of the proposed method is that, unlike many existing transmission predictors that require parameters based on prior knowledge of the epidemiology of past viruses, the proposed method only requires the transmission similarities between countries in the publicly available data for this current disease. 2020-08-25
Cerebrovascular disease in COVID-19: Is there a higher risk of stroke? We review the current literature about CVD both epidemiology and etiology. 2020-08-25
The role of the urologist, BCG vaccine administration, and SARS-CoV-2: An overview. To summarize the available literature regarding bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) administration, severe acute respiratory syndrome conoravirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the resulting clinical condition coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in light of recent epidemiologic work suggesting decreased infection severity in BCG immunized populations while highlighting the potential role of the urologist in clinical trials and ongoing research efforts. […] Specifically, the epidemiologic evidence for decreased COVID-19 morbidity in countries with BCG vaccination programs, current clinical trials for BCG vaccination to protect against COVID-19, potential mechanisms and rationale for this protection, and the role of the urologist and urology clinic in providing support and/or leading ongoing efforts. […] Epidemiologic evidence suggests that the crude case fatality rates are lower for countries with BCG vaccination compared to those without such programs. 2020-08-25
SARS-CoV-2 has been circulating in northern Italy since December 2019: Evidence from environmental monitoring. We investigated the possibility that SARS-CoV-2 emerged in Italy earlier than that date, by analysing 40 composite influent wastewater samples collected - in the framework of other wastewater-based epidemiology projects - between October 2019 and February 2020 from five wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in three cities and regions in northern Italy (Milan/Lombardy, Turin/Piedmont and Bologna/Emilia Romagna). 2020-08-25
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Orthopaedic Trauma Volumes: a Multi-Centre Perspective From the State of Telangana. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of lockdown on the case load and epidemiology of orthopaedic trauma cases in the state of Telangana. 2020-08-25
The reproduction number of COVID-19 and its correlation with public health interventions. We propose a dynamic SEIR epidemiology model with a time-varying reproduction number, which we identify using machine learning. 2020-08-25
Identification and estimation of the SEIRD epidemic model for COVID-19. Second, I show that the basic reproduction number R 0 can be identified from the data, conditional on epidemiologic parameters, and propose several nonlinear SUR approaches to estimate R 0 . 2020-08-25
Prediction of bifurcations by varying critical parameters of COVID-19. In this paper, an epidemiology model is investigated as a model for the development of COVID-19. 2020-08-25
Coronavirus pandemic versus temperature in the context of Indian subcontinent: a preliminary statistical analysis. We, therefore, conclude that the existing data, though limited, suggest that the spread of COVID-19 in India is not explained by the variation of temperature alone and is most likely driven by a host of other factors related to epidemiology, socioeconomics and other climatic factors. 2020-08-25
[Numbers of emergency room patients during the COVID-19 pandemic]. With this descriptive epidemiologic study we collected and analyzed anonymized patient-related data of 19,357 cases presenting to the emergency department of the Klinikum rechts der Isar (Munich) from 01 February 2019 to 30 April 2019 and from 01 February 2020 to 30 April 2020. 2020-08-25
Perioperative Infection Transmission: the Role of the Anesthesia Provider in Infection Control and Healthcare-Associated Infections. Over the past decade, much has been learned about the epidemiology of perioperative pathogen transmission. 2020-08-25
Epidemic investigations within an arm’s reach - role of google maps during an epidemic outbreak. Epidemics such as novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) can be contained and the rate of infection reduced by public health measures such as epidemiologic inquiries and social distancing. […] Epidemiologic inquiry requires resources and time which may not be available or reduced when the outbreak is excessive. […] We evaluated the use of Google Maps Timeline (GMTL) for creating spatial epidemiologic timelines. […] Further research is required with a larger number of users who are undergoing a real epidemiologic investigation to corroborate findings and establish further recommendations. 2020-08-25
Review on machine and deep learning models for the detection and prediction of Coronavirus. The objective of this paper is to know the novel disease epidemiology, major prevention from spreading of Coronavirus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, and to assess the machine and deep learning-based architectures performance that is proposed in the present year for classification of Coronavirus images such as, X-Ray and computed tomography. 2020-08-25
Data-driven modeling of COVID-19-Lessons learned. We illustrate how data-driven modeling can integrate classical epidemiology modeling and machine learning to infer critical disease parameters-in real time-from reported case data to make informed predictions and guide political decision making. 2020-08-25
Amino acid variation analysis of surface spike glycoprotein at 614 in SARS-CoV-2 strains. In summary, we identified different genomic epidemiology among SARS-CoV-2 strains in different clades, especially in an amino acid variation of the S protein at 614, revealing potential viral genome divergence in SARS-CoV-2 strains. 2020-08-25
Follow-up study of clinical and chest CT scans in confirmed COVID-19 patients. Cases of 15 patients with COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed: their epidemiology, clinical history, laboratory tests, and multiple CT chest scans obtained during the disease period were studied. 2020-08-25
Spatial prediction of COVID-19 epidemic using ARIMA techniques in India. The epidemiologic pattern in the prevalence and incidence of COVID-2019 is forecasted with the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA). 2020-08-25
Vitamin D in COVID - 19: Dousing the fire or averting the storm? - A perspective from the Asia-Pacific. This narrative review summarizes the current knowledge about the epidemiology and pathophysiology of COVID-19, the evidence linking vitamin D and RTIs, especially COVID-19, the mechanistic reasons behind the possible protective effect of vitamin D in COVID-19, and the evidence with regard to vitamin D supplementation in RTIs. 2020-08-25
Urgent liver transplantation soon after recovery from COVID-19 in a patient with decompensated liver cirrhosis. We report here the case of a young patient requiring inpatient care due to severe decompensated liver disease (MELD 24), justifying her referral from her local hospital to our high-volume LT unit, despite the unfavourable COVID-19 epidemiology in our Region. 2020-08-25
Anticoagulation Practice Patterns in COVID-19: A Global Survey. Well-designed epidemiologic studies are urgently needed to understand the incidence and risk factors of VTE and bleeding complications in COVID-19 patients. 2020-08-25
Drivers of COVID-19 Stay at Home Orders: Epidemiologic, Economic, or Political Concerns? Results indicate that while epidemiologic and economic variables had some impact on the delay to initiation and length of the stay-at-home orders, political factors dominated both the initiation and ultimate duration of stay-at-home orders across the United States. 2020-08-25
Non-hospitalized Adults with COVID-19 Differ Noticeably from Hospitalized Adults in Their Demographic, Clinical, and Social Characteristics. Characterization of COVID-19 in ambulatory care is needed for a better understanding of its evolving epidemiology. 2020-08-25
An Impaired Natriuretic Peptide Hormone System May Play a Role in COVID-19 Severity in Vulnerable Populations. Epidemiologic and pharmacologic data suggest that deficiencies in the natriuretic peptide hormone system may contribute to the development of severe lung pathology in COVID-19 patients, and treatments that augment natriuretic peptide signaling may have potential to limit progression to ARDS. 2020-08-25
Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of 42 deaths caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection in Wuhan, China: A retrospective study. This study described the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients who died from severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and pointed out the potential risk factors associated with fatal outcomes. 2020-08-25
Epidemiology of the 2020 pandemic of COVID-19 in the state of Georgia: Inadequate critical care resources and impact after 7 weeks of community spread. We provide a comprehensive look at COVID-19 epidemiology across the state of Georgia, which includes vast rural communities that may be disproportionately impacted by the spread of this infectious disease. 2020-08-25
Risk factors for developing into critical COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China: A multicenter, retrospective, cohort study. These results highlight the significance of dividing risk factors between sexes in clinical and epidemiologic works of COVID-19, and perhaps other coronavirus appearing in future. 2020-08-26
A Pediatric Infectious Disease Perspective of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 in Children. While the severe manifestations and acute clinical burden of COVID-19 has largely spared children compared to adults, understanding the epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostics, management, and prevention opportunities as well as the social and behavioral impacts on child health is vital. […] Foremost is clarifying the contribution of asymptomatic and mild infections to transmission within the household and community and the clinical and epidemiologic significance of uncommon severe post-infectious complications. 2020-08-26
COVID-19 surveillance in Southeastern Virginia using wastewater-based epidemiology. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) has been used to analyze markers in wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) influent to characterize emerging chemicals, drug use patterns, or disease spread within communities. 2020-08-26
Understanding the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of SARS-CoV-2. In this review, we summarize the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of COVID-19. 2020-08-27
The basic reproduction number of the new coronavirus pandemic with mortality for India, the Syrian Arab Republic, the United States, Yemen, China, France, Nigeria and Russia with different rate of cases. We apply the SIRD epidemiology model for estimating the basic reproduction number of the new coronavirus disease for multiple different countries. 2020-08-27
COVID-19 infection in children and adolescents. This review summarises the current understanding of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and management of COVID-19 in children and adolescents. 2020-08-27
Epidemiological and clinical features of 201 COVID-19 patients in Changsha city, Hunan, China. Concerning the epidemiologic history, the number of patients linked to Wuhan was 92 (45.8%). 2020-08-28
Clinical and radiological characteristics of COVID-19: a multicentre, retrospective, observational study. We retrospectively analysed the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of 189 patients with confirmed COVID-19 who were admitted to seven hospitals in four Chinese provinces from 18 January 2020 to 3 February 2020. 2020-08-28
COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019): A New Coronavirus Disease. This review provides an overview about the COVID-19 virus to increase public awareness and understanding of the virus and its consequences in terms of history, epidemiology, structure, genome, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. 2020-08-28
What Nurses Should Know About COVID-19. An understanding of basic COVID-19 epidemiology is a prerequisite for curtailing transmission, preventing morbidity and mortality, developing efficacious vaccines, implementing effective infection control protocols, and applying treatment algorithms. 2020-08-28
Availability of personal protective equipment and infection prevention supplies during the first month of the COVID-19 pandemic: A national study by the APIC COVID-19 task force. An online survey was administered to all Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology members in March, 2020 to assess access to PPE, hand hygiene products, and disinfection supplies. 2020-08-29
Nanocarriers in the delivery of hydroxychloroquine to the respiratory system: An alternative to COVID-19? After analyzing the articles according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, they were divided into 3 sessions: Coronavirus: definitions, classifications and epidemiology, pharmacological aspects of hydroxychloroquine and pharmaceutical nanotechnology in targeting of drugs. 2020-08-30
Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in raw and treated wastewater in Germany - Suitability for COVID-19 surveillance and potential transmission risks. Wastewater-based monitoring of the spread of the new SARS-CoV-2 virus, also referred to as wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE), has been suggested as a tool to support epidemiology. 2020-08-30
Universal Shelter-in-Place Versus Advanced Automated Contact Tracing and Targeted Isolation: A Case for 21st-Century Technologies for SARS-CoV-2 and Future Pandemics. Using a classical epidemiologic framework and parameters estimated from literature published between February 1, 2020, and May 25, 2020, we modeled two non-pharmacologic interventions - shelter-in-place and digital contact tracing - to curb spread of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-08-31
Decay of SARS-CoV-2 and surrogate murine hepatitis virus RNA in untreated wastewater to inform application in wastewater-based epidemiology. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) demonstrates potential for COVID-19 community monitoring; however, data on the stability of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater are needed to interpret WBE results. 2020-08-31
COVID-19 - The Availability of ICU Beds in Brazil during the Onset of Pandemic. To describe and intercorrelate epidemiology and geographic data from Brazil about the number of intensive care unit (ICU) beds at the onset of COVID-19 pandemic. […] The epidemiology and geographic data were correlated with the distribution of ICU beds (public and private health systems) and the number of beneficiaries of private health insurance using Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient. 2020-09-01
Exploring Epidemiological Behavior of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Outbreak in Bangladesh. As of August 13, 2020, according to the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Bangladesh has reported 269,095 confirmed cases between 8 March and 13 August 2020, with > 1.30% of mortality rate and > 57% of recovery rate. 2020-09-01
Comprehensive evolution and molecular characteristics of a large number of SARS-CoV-2 genomes reveal its epidemic trends. Several key specific sites and haplotypes related to the infectivity or pathogenicity of SARS-CoV-2, and the possible earlier origin time and place of SARS-CoV-2 were indicated based on the evolution and epidemiology of 16,373 SARS-CoV-2 genomes. 2020-09-01
Epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 in the current pandemic: systematic review and meta-analysis. This review aimed to summarize the epidemiologic traits, clinical spectrum, CT results and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-09-02
Estimates of serial interval for COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The present review provides sufficient evidence for the estimate of serial interval of COVID-19, which can help in understanding the epidemiology and transmission of the disease. 2020-09-02
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on maternal health services in Pakistan. As all efforts are focused on understanding the epidemiology, clinical features, transmission patterns, and management of the COVID-19 outbreak, there has been very little concern expressed over the effects on maternal health services. 2020-09-02
Community Outbreak Investigation of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission Among Bus Riders in Eastern China. To investigate potential transmission routes of SARS-CoV-2 infection with epidemiologic evidence from a COVID-19 outbreak. 2020-09-02
Probable Evidence of Fecal Aerosol Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a High-Rise Building. Epidemiologic survey and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analyses on throat swabs from the participants; 237 surface and air samples from 11 of the 83 flats in the building, public areas, and building drainage systems; and tracer gas released into bathrooms as a surrogate for virus-laden aerosols in the drainage system. 2020-09-02
Vitamin D in Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19: Current Perspective and Future Prospects. Epidemiology of VDD partly explains geographical differences in COVID-19 susceptibility, severity, and mortality. 2020-09-02
Potential Biases Arising from Epidemic Dynamics in Observational Seroprotection Studies. The extent and duration of immunity following SARS-CoV-2 infection are critical outstanding questions about the epidemiology of this novel virus, and studies are needed to evaluate the effects of serostatus on reinfection. 2020-09-02
COVID-19 in hematological malignancy patients: A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. This protocol will be performed according to the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines and reported follow the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. 2020-09-03
How lessons learned from the 2015 MERS outbreak affected the effective response to the COVID-19 epidemic in the Republic of Korea. In this review, we aimed to summarize and compare the epidemiology and response of ROK to the 2015 MERS outbreak and the COVID-19 epidemic in early 2020. 2020-09-03
In the Extraordinary Times of Coronavirus Disease 2019: Clinical Strategies for Performing Spinal Surgery. The workflow begins with the emergency department screening that has been adapted to the local epidemiology of COVID-19 in order to identify suspected/confirmed cases. 2020-09-03
Mental health implications of COVID-19 pandemic and its response in India. Keeping a positive approach, developing vulnerable-group-specific need-based interventions with proper risk communication strategies and keeping at par with the evolving epidemiology of COVID-19 would be instrumental in guiding the planning and prioritization of mental health care resources to serve the most vulnerable. 2020-09-03
Rapid response to crisis: Health System Lessons from the active period of COVID-19: A Framework for Rapid Response. Conclusions: There is an urgent need for managerial epidemiology based on healthcare ecosystem research encompassing multidisciplinary teams, visualization tools and decision analytics for rapid response. 2020-09-03
Replicating and projecting the path of COVID-19 with a model-implied reproduction number. We demonstrate a methodology for replicating and projecting the path of COVID-19 using a simple epidemiology model. 2020-09-03
[The urgency of Public Health in Physical Education training: lessons from COVID-19]. We understand that some of these discussions revealed important weaknesses in relation to the approach to basic health knowledge, such as those related to epidemiology and public health measures. 2020-09-03
Return to football training and competition after lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic: medical recommendations. In fact, preseason is always a period with a specific football injury epidemiology, with an increase in the incidence and prevalence of overuse injuries. 2020-09-04
The first two months epidimiological study of COVID-19, related public health preparedness, and response to the ongoing epidemic in Pakistan. The SIR (susceptible-infected-recovered) model of epidemiologic analysis predicts that there should have been more cases since late March 2020 in Pakistan. […] We therefore sought to investigate COVID-19’s prevalence and epidemiologic trends in Pakistan. […] Research for COVID-19 is still in its early stages, so data were collected from official websites and research journals, then analyzed for the disease’s prevalence, epidemiology, mortality and recoveries. 2020-09-05
The COVID-19 pandemic and the Swedish strategy: Epidemiology and postmodernism. COVID-19 epidemiology and postmodernism may be a dangerous combination. 2020-09-05
Communication about COVID-19 from Canadian provincial chief medical officers of health: a qualitative study. These findings indicate that when evaluating CMOHs’ statements, it is critical to consider the context of the information they possess, the epidemiologic circumstances in their jurisdiction and the way the province has structured the CMOH role. 2020-09-05
From SARS to COVID-19: What lessons have we learned? In this review, we systematically compare COVID-19 and SARS in terms of epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical characteristics and discuss the current treatment approaches, scientific advancements and Chinese experience in fighting the epidemic to combat the novel coronavirus pandemic. 2020-09-05
National Psoriasis Foundation COVID-19 Task Force Guidance for Management of Psoriatic Disease During the Pandemic: Version 1. A task force (TF) of 18 physician voting members with expertise in dermatology, rheumatology, epidemiology, infectious diseases, and critical care was convened. 2020-09-06
COVID-19 infection, a potential threat to surgical patients and staff? A retrospective cohort study. This study aimed to describe the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in surgical patients and medical staff. 2020-09-06
Review of Ebola virus disease in children - how far have we come? In this review of paediatric EVD, the epidemiology of past EVD outbreaks with specific focus on children is discussed, the clinical manifestations and laboratory findings are described and key developments in clinical management including specific topics such as viral persistence and breastfeeding while considering unique psychosocial and anthropological considerations for paediatric care including of survivors and orphans and the stigma they face are discussed. 2020-09-07
Detection of environmental SARS-CoV-2 RNA in a high prevalence setting in Spain. While there is not yet sufficient evidence to recommend environmental surveillance as a standard approach for COVID-19 epidemiology, environmental surveillance research may contribute to advance knowledge about COVID-19 by further elucidating virus shedding dynamics and environmental contamination, including the potential identification of animal reservoirs. 2020-09-07
Clinical manifestations and maternal and perinatal outcomes with COVID-19. Hence, in this review, we summarize the latest research progress related to COVID-19 epidemiology and the reported data of pregnant women with COVID-19 and discuss the clinical manifestations, treatments, maternal and perinatal outcomes, and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of such virus. 2020-09-07
Developing a COVID-19 mortality risk prediction model when individual-level data are not available. We thus demonstrate that even at the onset of a pandemic, shrouded in epidemiologic fog of war, it is possible to provide a useful risk predictor, now widely used in a large healthcare organization. 2020-09-08
Epidemiology and factors associated with diarrhoea among children under five years of age in the Engela District in the Ohangwena Region, Namibia. The purpose of this study was to assess the epidemiology and factors associated with acute diarrhoea amongst children less than 5 years of age in Engela district in the Ohangwena region, Namibia. […] This implies that children living in the informal settlement are 36.42 times at risk of contracting diarrhoea as compared to those living in other residential areas. epidemiology; factors; diarrhoea; under-5 years children; Engela district; Ohangwena region; Namibia. 2020-09-08
Returning to Elective Orthopedic Surgery During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multidisciplinary and Pragmatic Strategy for Initial Patient Selection. A multidisciplinary working group was formed consisting of representatives for orthopedics, epidemiology, ethics, infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and intensive care medicine. 2020-09-08
Comparison of Clinical Features of COVID-19 vs Seasonal Influenza A and B in US Children. Compared with seasonal influenza, the clinical features and epidemiologic characteristics of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in US children remain largely unknown. 2020-09-08
National Publication Productivity during the COVID-19 Pandemic-A Preliminary Exploratory Analysis of the 30 Countries Most Affected. In a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study we compared and correlated 17 epidemiologic, health care system-related and health-economic factors from medical databases and intergovernmental organisations potentially influencing the COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 publication productivity between 1 January and 30 April 2020 amongst the 30 countries most severely affected by the pandemic. […] Both COVID-19- and non-COVID-19 publication productivity correlates with epidemiologic, health care system-related and healtheconomic factors, and pre-COVID publication expertise. 2020-09-09
Testing for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19): A General Review. This review summarizes the developments of commonly used testing methods and their strategic use in clinical diagnosis and epidemiologic surveillance. 2020-09-09
COVID-19 and Kidney Injury. However, the epidemiology, management, and associated outcomes have varied greatly between studies. 2020-09-09
SARS-CoV-2 in environmental perspective: Occurrence, persistence, surveillance, inactivation and challenges. The need for wastewater epidemiology (WBE) studies for surveillance as well as for early warning signal was elaborated. 2020-09-09
SARS-CoV-2 infections with emphasis on pediatric patients: a narrative review. This narrative review summarizes the main aspects underlying the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, its epidemiology, pathophysiology, pointing to differences of SARS-CoV-2 main receptors ACE2, in terms of expression and the amount of soluble ACE2 in the circulation of children, men and women, and also in those with risk factors such as the smokers and pregnant women or presenting with comorbidities (diabetes, obesity, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases, renal and CNS pre-existing diseases). 2020-09-09
Analysis of partial sequences of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene as a tool for genus and subgenus classification of coronaviruses. Here, we describe the genetic variation of a 387 nt region of the coronavirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), which is one of the most used partial sequence loci for both detection and classification of coronaviruses in molecular epidemiology. 2020-09-09
Preventive behavior of Vietnamese people in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings are consistent with the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Vietnam, where there have been few infections and no recorded deaths up to the first week of July 2020. 2020-09-09
Is it safe to lift COVID-19 travel bans? The Newfoundland story. We combine a network epidemiology model with machine learning to infer parameters and predict the COVID-19 dynamics upon partial and total airport reopening, with perfect and imperfect quarantine conditions. 2020-09-09
A brief outline of respiratory viral disease outbreaks: 1889-till date on the public health perspectives. An array of research on the influenza viruses has been conducted especially pointing on (1) the development of the anti-viral drugs and the design of probable vaccines on trial basis, (2) the biochemical and genetic aspects underlying the viral pathogenicity, (3) the viral epidemiology, and on (4) the protective immunity against the influenza viruses. […] Current review briefly discussed the epidemic/ pandemic history of influenza and correlated with the current epidemiology, the possible preventive measures that may be taken by the public health professionals as well as to increase the protective awareness among the general people. 2020-09-09
Often forgotten, transport modality to dialysis may be life-saving. Rincon et al. report on the epidemiology and clinical spectrum of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a Spanish haemodialysis unit. 2020-09-09
COVID 19-The Spanish perspective. The following is an overview of the epidemiology and impact on resources, the caseload and surgical societal implemented recommendations, the description of the ECMO activity and nosocomial transmission among healthcare workers. 2020-09-09
[Conduct vaccines clinical trials and optimize the immunization strategies]. After license, it is necessary to further evaluate the actual effectiveness and safety in the general population through phase Ⅳ clinical trials and optimize the immunization strategies with the disease’s epidemiology data. 2020-09-10
An Online Influenza Surveillance System for Primary Care Workers in Switzerland: Observational Prospective Pilot Study. A better understanding of the influenza epidemiology among primary care workers could guide future recommendations to prevent transmission in primary care practices. […] This promising methodology could be broadly used in future studies to improve the understanding of influenza epidemiology and other diseases such as COVID-19. 2020-09-10
SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Avidity Responses in COVID-19 Patients and Convalescent Plasma Donors. Epidemiologic correlates of avidity were examined in donors by linear regression. 2020-09-10
Descriptive epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in Nigeria, 27 February-6 June 2020. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Nigeria with a view of generating evidence to enhance planning and response strategies. […] In conclusion, this paper has provided an insight into the early epidemiology of COVID-19 in Nigeria, which could be useful for contextualising public health planning. 2020-09-11
Early Research on COVID-19: A Bibliometric Analysis. We combed and drew the knowledge map of the SARS-CoV-2 literature, explored early status of research on etiology, pathology, epidemiology, treatment, prevention, and control, and discussed knowledge gaps that remain to be urgently addressed. 2020-09-11
Rapid and quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG for convalescent serum evaluation. Overall, our technology can greatly facilitate rapid, sensitive, and quantitative analysis of COVID-19 related markers for therapeutic, diagnostic, epidemiologic, and prognostic purposes. 2020-09-11
Early Insights from Statistical and Mathematical Modeling of Key Epidemiologic Parameters of COVID-19. We report key epidemiologic parameter estimates for coronavirus disease identified in peer-reviewed publications, preprint articles, and online reports. 2020-09-12
Social Disadvantage, Politics, and SARS-CoV-2 Trends: A County-Level Analysis of United States Data. Understanding the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 is essential for public health control efforts. 2020-09-12
Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on the Diagnosis of COVID-19:Serologic Testing. The certainty of available evidence supporting the use of serology for either diagnosis or epidemiology was, however, graded as very low to moderate. 2020-09-12
Google search volume predicts the emergence of COVID-19 outbreaks. Digital epidemiology is increasingly used for supporting traditional epidemiology. 2020-09-14
COVID-19 and Type 1 Diabetes: Concerns and Challenges. Finally, we tried to understand how the coronavirus tropism for endocrine tissues could influence the future epidemiology of T1D, focusing on the effects they have on pancreatic β-cells. 2020-09-14
How hand and wrist trauma has changed during covid-19 emergency in Italy: Incidence and distribution of acute injuries. What to learn? The Authors investigated how the drastic changes in daily activities modified the epidemiology of hand trauma lesions. 2020-09-14
Kawasaki Disease: an Update. Provide the most recent updates on the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and treatment advances in Kawasaki disease. 2020-09-14
The Impact of the Novel Coronavirus on Brazilian PICUs. To study the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, considering the physical distancing and schools closing, on the characteristics of admission and epidemiology on Brazilian PICUs. 2020-09-14
No transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a patient undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation from a matched-related donor with unknown COVID-19. Actual epidemiology data suggest that transmission may occur early in the course of infection, even from asymptomatic patients in the incubation period. 2020-09-15
The New Coronavirus COVID-19 Infection. In this review, we summarize the relevant information about the origin and spread of SARS-CoV-2, its epidemiology and diagnostics, and the clinical course and treatment of COVID-19. 2020-09-15
Temporal relationship between serial RT-PCR results and serial chest CT imaging, and serial CT changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: a descriptive study of 155 cases in China. Combining imaging features with epidemiology history and clinical information could facilitate the early diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia. 2020-09-15
COVID-19 in Patients with Hematologic Disorders Undergoing Therapy: Perspective of a Large Referral Hematology Center in Rome. Patients with cancer may be more susceptible to and have higher morbidity and mortality rates from COVID-19 than the general population, while epidemiologic data specifically addressed to hematologic patients are limited. 2020-09-15
Coronavirus Infections in Companion Animals: Virology, Epidemiology, Clinical and Pathologic Features. This article reviews the clinical, epidemiologic, virologic, and pathologic characteristics of nine important coronaviruses of companion animals. 2020-09-16
Biomarkers and outcomes of COVID-19 hospitalisations: systematic review and meta-analysis. English full text observational studies describing the laboratory findings and outcomes of COVID-19 hospitalised patients were identified searching PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, medRxiv using Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms COVID-19 OR coronavirus OR SARS-CoV-2 OR 2019-nCoV from 1 December 2019 to 15 August 2020 following Meta-analyses Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. 2020-09-16
Bibliometric analysis of global scientific research on Coronavirus (COVID-19). Conclusion: This study highlighted the focused subjects on various aspects of COVID-19 literature such as pathogenesis, epidemiology, transmission, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and its complications. 2020-09-16
Estimation of the case fatality rate of COVID-19 epidemiological data in Nigeria using statistical regression analysis. Case Fatality Rate (CFR) is one of the cardinal epidemiological parameters that adequately explains epidemiology of the outbreak of a disease. 2020-09-16
Pulmonary embolism in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: a narrative review. We review the current data on the epidemiology, the possible underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and the therapeutic implications of PE in relation to COVID-19. 2020-09-16
Research progress and challenges to coronavirus vaccine development. This review discusses human vaccine candidates in any stage of development and explores the viral characteristics, molecular epidemiology, and immunology associated with CoV vaccine development. 2020-09-16
Men and COVID-19: A Pathophysiologic Review. Lab and animal data indicate that men respond differently to the SARS-CoV-2 infection, offering possible explanations for the epidemiologic observations. 2020-09-16
Containment of COVID-19 in Ethiopia and implications for tuberculosis care and research. Ethiopia shares a major proportion of the global burden of infectious diseases, while the patterns of COVID-19 are still at an earlier stage of the epidemiology curve. 2020-09-17
Extrapulmonary Clinical Manifestations in COVID-19 Patients. This review outlines the extrapulmonary organ-specific complications and their pathophysiology and epidemiology. 2020-09-17
Transmission Dynamics of COVID-19 Outbreaks Associated with Child Care Facilities - Salt Lake City, Utah, April-July 2020. A total of 184 persons, including 110 (60%) children had a known epidemiologic link to one of these three facilities. 2020-09-17
Making waves: Wastewater-based epidemiology for COVID-19 - approaches and challenges for surveillance and prediction. Threfore, community-scale surveillance, including wastewater-based epidemiology, can bridge the broader community and the clinic, becoming a valuable indirect epidemiological prediction tool for SARS-CoV-2 and other pandemic viruses. […] This article summarizes current knowledge and discusses the critical factors for implementing wastewater-based epidemiology of COVID-19. 2020-09-17
Evidence-Based Risk Mitigation and Stratification During COVID-19 for Return to Interventional Pain Practice: American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP) Guidelines. The literature pertaining to all aspects of COVID-19, specifically related to epidemiology, risk factors, complications, morbidity and mortality, and literature related to risk mitigation and stratification were reviewed. 2020-09-18
Triaging Interventional Pain Procedures During COVID-19 or Related Elective Surgery Restrictions: Evidence-Informed Guidance from the American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians (ASIPP). The literature pertaining to all aspects of COVID-19, specifically related to epidemiology, risk factors, complications, morbidity and mortality, and literature related to risk mitigation and stratification was reviewed. 2020-09-18
Role of Screening for COVID-19 in Hemodialysis Wards, Results of a Single Center Study. Seven months after the emergence of SARS-COV-2 virus, there is paucity of data regarding the epidemiology of the virus in hemodialysis patients. 2020-09-18
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak Highlights the Importance of Sex-sensitive Medicine. The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has revealed important differences between the sexes in epidemiology, risk factors, clinical course, mortality and socioeconomic dimensions of the disease in all populations worldwide. 2020-09-18
The importance of widespread testing for COVID-19 pandemic: systems thinking for drive-through testing sites. Solving these problems requires an understanding of disease dynamics and epidemiology, as well as the logistics of mass distribution. 2020-09-18
Delirium in COVID-19: epidemiology and clinical correlations in a large group of patients admitted to an academic hospital. To describe the epidemiology of delirium in patients hospitalized for suspect COVID-19 pneumonia during the pandemic peak in an academic hospital of Northern Italy, identify its clinical correlations and evaluate the association with mortality. 2020-09-18
The importance of patients’ case-mix for the correct interpretation of the hospital fatality rate in COVID-19 disease. We aimed to document data on the epidemiology and factors associated with clinical course leading to death of patients hospitalised with COVID-19. 2020-09-20
Key Challenges in Modelling an Epidemic - What have we Learned from the COVID-19 Epidemic so Far. If we want epidemiological models to be a useful tool in combating the epidemic, we need to engage experts from epidemiology, data science and statistics. 2020-09-21
Epidemiology, Clinical Aspects, Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment of Rickettsial Diseases in the Mediterranean Area During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of the Literature. The purpose of the present review is to give an update regarding the classification, epidemiology, clinical manifestation, diagnoses, and treatment of the Rickettsial diseases present in the Mediterranean area. 2020-09-21
Pulmonary embolism in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia: a narrative review. We review the current data on the epidemiology, the possible underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and the therapeutic implications of PE in relation to COVID-19. 2020-09-21
Making Waves Perspectives of Modelling and Monitoring of SARS-CoV-2 in Aquatic Environment for COVID-19 Pandemic. Here, we provide the latest updates on wastewater-based epidemiology, which is gaining interest in the current situation as a unique tool of surveillance and monitoring of the disease. 2020-09-21
Challenges and issues surrounding the use for translational research of human samples obtained during the COVID-19 pandemic from lung cancer patients. The continual and almost daily improvement in the information associated with this viral infection has been spectacular, notably in the areas of epidemiology, pathophysiology and therapy. 2020-09-21
Tracing asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers among 3674 hospital staff:a cross-sectional survey. Here, we aim to clarify the epidemiologic and influencing factors of asymptomatic carriers in the general population. 2020-09-21
SARS-CoV-2 Infections and Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Results from an Observational Study in Primary Care in Belgium. Hence, clinicians and policymakers require reliable evidence on COVID-19 epidemiology and consequences in this population. 2020-09-22
Epidemiological pattern of pediatric trauma in COVID-19 outbreak: Data from a tertiary trauma center in Iran. To the best of our knowledge there are only few reports on epidemiology of pediatric fractures during the COVID-19 outbreak. 2020-09-22
Development of a Standardized Data Collection Tool for Evaluation and Management of Coronavirus Disease 2019. Data collection focused on demographics and exposure epidemiology, prior medical history and medications, signs and symptoms, diagnostic test results, interventions, clinical outcomes, and complications. 2020-09-22
Epidemiology and clinical features of emergency department patients with suspected and confirmed COVID-19: A multisite report from the COVID-19 Emergency Department Quality Improvement Project for July 2020 (COVED-3). The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical features of patients presenting to the ED with suspected and confirmed COVID-19. 2020-09-22
Epidemic Landscape and Forecasting of SARS-CoV-2 in India. There is a need to increase funds for infectious disease research and epidemiologic studies. 2020-09-22
Ethnic differences in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency allele frequencies may partially explain national differences in COVID-19 fatality rates. Here, we present evidence that population differences in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency allele frequencies may partially explain national differences in the COVID-19 epidemiology. 2020-09-22
Development of a New Multiplex Real-Time RT-PCR Assay for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Detection. The results show that the NWHL LDT multiplex assay performs as well as the modified CDC assay but is more efficient and cost-effective and can be used as a diagnostic assay and for epidemiologic surveillance and clinical management of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-09-22
Systemic Involvement of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Review of Literature. Our experience about this virus and its epidemiology is limited, and mostly the treatment for symptomatic patients is supportive. 2020-09-23
Pathogenic analysis of suspected COVID-19 patients in a SARS-CoV-2 non-epidemic area of China. Symptomatic, epidemiologic, laboratory and radiological data of the patients were obtained from the electronic medical record system of our hospital. 2020-09-23
Advances in SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review. We performed an online search on PubMed and Web of Science with the keywords COVID-19, 2019-nCoV and SARS-CoV-2, and summarized the epidemiology, virology, clinical features and treatments of SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020-09-23
In times of COVID-19, epidemiology is a unifying science. Faced with this scenario, Epidemiology plays an important role, given that its techniques and methods have contributed to generating knowledge, assisting in decision making in healthcare. […] This text presents a succinct reflection regarding the importance of epidemiology in light of the current pandemic. 2020-09-23
Nursing Comiittee to Coping with COVID-19 in Bahia. These groups address Communication, Review of Health Services Contingency Plans, Assistance to Long-Term Institutions, Epidemiology and External Activities. 2020-09-23
Pandemic number five - Latest insights into the COVID-19 crisis. We acquire an elaborate overview of the history and virology of SARS-CoV-2, the epidemiology of COVID-19, and the development of therapies and vaccines, based on useful tools such as a pseudovirus system, artificial intelligence, and repurposing of existing drugs. 2020-09-24
Characteristics, laboratories, and prognosis of severe COVID-19 in the Tokyo metropolitan area: A retrospective case series. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been immense, while the epidemiology and pathophysiology remain unclear. 2020-09-24
The emergence of COVID-19 as a global pandemic: Understanding the epidemiology, immune response and potential therapeutic targets of SARS-CoV-2. In this review, we have summarized the epidemiology, entry mechanism, immune response, and therapeutic implications, possible drug targets, their ongoing clinical trials, and put forward vital questions to offer new directions to the COVID-19 research. 2020-09-24
Incidence of COVID-19 infection and prevalence of diabetes, obesity and hypertension according to altitude in Peruvian population. In addition, the lower prevalence of diabetes, obesity and hypertension may establish a protective epidemiology against these disease. 2020-09-24
Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the first 557 successive patients with COVID-19 in Pernambuco state, Northeast Brazil. In this retrospective study, we describe the demographics, epidemiology and clinical features of the first 557 consecutive patients positive for SARS-CoV-2 living in Pernambuco state, Northeast Brazil. 2020-09-24
Things must not fall apart: the ripple effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the epidemiology of major pediatric diseases and, referencing modeling projections, discuss the short- and long-term impact of the pandemic on major disease control. 2020-09-24
Incidence, features, outcome and impact on health system of de-novo abdominal surgical diseases in patients admitted with COVID-19. to assess the epidemiology and features of de novo surgical diseases in patients admitted with COVID-19, and their impact on patients and healthcare system. […] Gastrointestinal involvement has been described in COVID-19; however, no clear figures of incidence, epidemiology and economic impact exist for de-novo surgical diseases in hospitalized patients. 2020-09-25
Coding-Complete Genome Sequences of Three SARS-CoV-2 Strains from Bangladesh. The data from this analysis will contribute to advancing our understanding of the epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 in Bangladesh as well as worldwide at the molecular level and will identify potential new targets for interventions. 2020-09-25
Overview of the First 6 Months of Clinical Trials for COVID-19 Pharmacotherapy: The Most Studied Drugs. Related scientific papers have rapidly extended information regarding the diagnosis, treatment and epidemiology of COVID-19 infection. 2020-09-25
Changes in Neuroanesthesia Practice During the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Experiences From a Single Center in China. A 3-level system of COVID-19 risk was established based on medical conditions, epidemiologic, and symptom inquiry and the results of triage. 2020-09-25
A Report of 85 Cases of COVID-19 and Abdominal Transplantation From a Single Center: What Are the Associated Factors With Death Among Organ Transplantation Patients. In this study we report the epidemiology of COVID-19 among recipients of organ transplantation and evaluate associated factors with death. 2020-09-25
Solvable delay model for epidemic spreading: the case of Covid-19 in Italy. This delay model has a higher degree of accuracy than that of the so-called SIR model, commonly used in epidemiology, which, instead, is formulated in terms of ordinary differential equations. 2020-09-26
Assessing health care worker perceptions of face coverings during the COVID-19 pandemic. Hospitals pursued different PPE strategies based on local factors, PPE availability, and interpretation of the evolving data on the epidemiology of the disease. 2020-09-27
Solution of a COVID-19 model via new generalized Caputo-type fractional derivatives. The present study can confirm the applicability of the new generalized Caputo type fractional operator to mathematical epidemiology or real-world problems. 2020-09-28
[Social inequalities in the progression of COVID-19 in the Mexican population]. We analyzed data registered by the General Direction of Epidemiology of the Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Mexico regarding the confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection. 2020-09-28
COVID-19 and Tuberculosis. This review will focus on the latest advance of epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical characteristics about COVID-19. 2020-09-28
Repurposing Fragile X Drugs to Inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Viral Reproduction. In response to the Frontiers Research Topic, “Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Pathophysiology, Epidemiology, Clinical Management, and Public Health Response,” this Hypothesis article proposes a novel therapeutic strategy to repurpose metabotropic glutamate 5 receptor (mGluR5) inhibitors to interfere with viral hijacking of the host protein synthesis machinery. 2020-09-28
Does Pulmonary Aspergillosis Complicate Coronavirus Disease 2019? If Aspergillus coinfections are occurring among coronavirus disease 2019 patients, early clinical suspicion and testing are needed to understand the epidemiology of these infections and prevent associated mortality. 2020-09-28
Diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2: A Review on the Current Scenario and Future Outlook. The diagnosis currently relies on a multiplex of criteria including the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and in vitro diagnostics. 2020-09-28
COVID-19: A perspective from Iran. We herein review the latest epidemiologic data on the COVID-19 pandemic, the Iranian healthcare system’s response, and the impact on cardiac surgery practice in Iran. 2020-09-28
Epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnancy: risk factors and associations with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Coronavirus disease 2019 may be associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancy, but there are few controlled data to quantify the magnitude of these risks or to characterize the epidemiology and risk factors. […] This study aimed to quantify the associations of coronavirus disease 2019 with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnancy and to characterize the epidemiology and risk factors. 2020-09-28
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in COVID-19: an international cohort study of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry. We used data from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry to characterise the epidemiology, hospital course, and outcomes of patients aged 16 years or older with confirmed COVID-19 who had ECMO support initiated between Jan 16 and May 1, 2020, at 213 hospitals in 36 countries. 2020-09-28
Flight-Associated Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Corroborated by Whole-Genome Sequencing. To investigate potential transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during a domestic flight within Australia, we performed epidemiologic analyses with whole-genome sequencing. 2020-09-29
Evaluation of the novel coronavirus disease in Turkish children: Preliminary outcomes. A clear understanding of the local epidemiology of corona virus infections and identification of risk factors are critical for the successful implementation of the prevention and control program. 2020-09-29
SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19): Cellular and biochemical properties and pharmacological insights into new therapeutic developments. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: This review summarized current information on COVID-19 (epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical, laboratory, cardiovascular diseases, ACE2 and pharmacological agents) for researchers and reveals guiding data for researchers, especially in the field of cardiovascular system, pharmacology, dysregulation of cellular function in disease, molecular and cell biology and physiology in the regulation of tissue function in health and disease. 2020-09-29
Glutathione Supplementation as an Adjunctive Therapy in COVID-19. This review discusses the epidemiology, transmission, and clinical presentation of COVID-19 with a focus on its pathogenesis and the possible use of liposomal GSH as an adjunctive treatment to the current treatment modalities in COVID-19 patients. 2020-09-30
COVID-19 and Cancer in Cuba. Distribution among cancer diagnoses did not deviate from that expected according to cancer epidemiology in Cuba. 2020-09-30
[Origin of SARS-CoV-2 theories, keys and unknowns of an emerged disease.] Identifying the circumstances in which a virus jumps species boundaries to infect humans so productively is objective of this work and will help us to determine the epidemiology and pathogenisis of this agent. 2020-09-30
Experience of a Tertiary Hospital in Singapore with Management of a Dual Outbreak of COVID-19 and Dengue. All febrile patients with viral prodromes and no epidemiologic risk for COVID-19 were first admitted to a designated ward for COVID-19 testing, where enhanced personal protective equipment was used by healthcare workers until COVID-19 was ruled out. […] Epidemiology investigations showed no healthcare-associated transmission. 2020-09-30
An integrated biosensor system with mobile health and wastewater-based epidemiology (iBMW) for COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, there is evidence that multiple pathogens have been detected in sewage, including SARS-CoV-2, providing significant opportunities for the development of advanced sensors for wastewater-based epidemiology that provide an early warning of the pandemic within the population. […] In this communication, we discuss the feasibility of an integrated point-of-care biosensor system with mobile health for wastewater-based epidemiology (iBMW) for early warning of COVID-19, screening and diagnosis of potential infectors, and improving health care and public health. 2020-09-30
Renin Angiotensin System, COVID-19 and Male Fertility: Any Risk for Conceiving? Concerns about the male fertility consequences of SARS-CoV-2 infection have started to emerge, since epidemiologic studies observed that this coronavirus affects male patients more frequently and with increased severity, possibly because of the hormone-regulated expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor. 2020-10-01
An initiative to evaluate the safety of maternal bonding in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Despite a growing understanding of SARS-CoV-2 virology, epidemiology, and clinical management strategies, other aspects, such as mode of delivery, vertical transmission, and maternal bonding, remain controversial. 2020-10-01
Transmission Dynamics of the COVID-19 Epidemic at the District Level in India: Prospective Observational Study. Understanding the epidemiology of COVID-19 at a local level is becoming increasingly important to guide measures to control the pandemic. 2020-10-01
CDC Deployments to State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Health Departments for COVID-19 Emergency Public Health Response - United States, January 21-July 25, 2020. These collaborations also facilitated enhanced characterization of COVID-19 epidemiology, directly contributing to CDC data-informed guidance, including guidance for serial testing as a containment strategy in high-risk congregate settings, targeted interventions and prevention efforts among workers at food processing facilities, and social distancing. 2020-10-01
Asthma-associated risk for COVID-19 development. Here we analyze the global epidemiology of asthma among COVID-19 patients and propose the concept that patients suffering from different asthma endotypes (type 2 asthma versus non-type 2 asthma) present with a different risk profile in terms of SARS-CoV-2 infection, development of COVID-19 and progression to severe COVID-19 outcomes. 2020-10-01
Does intestinal dysbiosis contribute to an aberrant inflammatory response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in frail patients? Epidemiologic studies revealed that populations have different vulnerabilities to SARS-CoV-2. 2020-10-01
Caring for Critically Ill Children With Suspected or Proven Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection: Recommendations by the Scientific Sections’ Collaborative of the European Society of Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care. There is little in the way of clinical research in children affected by coronavirus disease 2019, apart from descriptive data and epidemiology. 2020-10-01
Clinical Characteristics of Asymptomatic Patients with SARS-CoV-2 in Zhejiang: An Imperceptible Source of Infection. In this study, epidemiological investigations were conducted in the Zhejiang province to understand the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of asymptomatic patients with COVID-19. […] The characteristics of epidemiology, demography, clinical manifestations, and laboratory data of mild patients were compared and analyzed. 2020-10-02
COVID-19: the novel coronavirus disease and its manifestations and management in ophthalmology. Next, we summarize the latest scientific advancements of epidemiology, clinical presentations, and current treatments of COVID-19. 2020-10-02
Brief Report: Hypercoagulable viscoelastic blood clot characteristics in critically-ill COVID-19 patients and associations with thrombotic complications. Class IV; epidemiologic. 2020-10-03
Recommendations for antibacterial therapy in adults with COVID-19 - an evidence based guideline. Larger, prospective studies about the epidemiology of bacterial infections in COVID-19 are urgently needed to confirm our conclusions and ultimately prevent unnecessary antibiotic use during the COVID-19 pandemic. 2020-10-03
Comorbidities and the COVID-19 pandemic dynamics in Africa. However, there has been limited exploration of the impact of differences in epidemiology of key comorbidities, and related healthcare factors, on the course and parameters of the pandemic. […] We summarise what is known about (a) the pathophysiological processes underlying the interaction of coinfections and comorbidities in shaping prognosis of COVID-19 patients, (b) the epidemiology of key coinfections and comorbidities, and the state of related healthcare infrastructure that might shape the course of the pandemic, and (c) implications of (a) and (b) for pandemic management and post-pandemic priorities. […] A one-size-fits-all response is not optimal, but there are broad lessons relating to differences in epidemiology and healthcare delivery factors, that should be considered as part of a regional COVID-19 response framework. 2020-10-04
Reconciling model predictions with low reported cases of COVID-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa: insights from Madagascar. There are three leading explanations, each with different implications for the final epidemic burden: (1) low case detection, (2) differences in epidemiology (e.g. low R 0), and (3) policy interventions. 2020-10-05
COVID-19 and VIH. In this article we present the existing data on the epidemiology and characteristics of HIV-COVID-19 co-infection, discuss the available evidence on the possible factors involved in the evolution of individuals affected by both viruses, analyze other determinants that may negatively affect persons with HIV during the pandemic, and present recommendations for the prevention and care of COVID-19 infection in the context of HIV. 2020-10-05
The National Library of Medicine Global Health Events web archive, coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic collecting. The growing collection-2,500 items as of June 30, 2020-chronicles the many facets of the pandemic: epidemiology; vaccine and drug research; disease control measures and resistance to them; effects of the pandemic on health care institutions and workers, education, commerce, and many aspects of social life; effects for especially vulnerable groups; role of health disparities in infection and mortality; and recognition of racism as a public health emergency. 2020-10-05
Can human overcome viral hijack-? Comprehensive review on COVID-19 in the view of diagnosis and mitigation across countries. This review emphasize on the origin of the coronoviral epidemics, discussion on the structural and functional basis of SARS-CoV-2, epidemiology, pathognomonic symptoms, fatality, available rapid diagnostic methods and proposed possible treatment methods for the treatment of COVID-19. 2020-10-05
Exploring the beliefs and experiences of older Irish adults and family carers during the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic: A qualitative study protocol. Methods: A longitudinal exploratory qualitative study will be conducted using repeated semi-structured telephone interviews with a convenient sample of older adults recruited from participants of an older adult and family carer stakeholder panel for health services research established by the Ageing Research Centre (ARC) at the University of Limerick and through known older adult contacts of ARC academic members. 2020-10-05
Remdesivir for Adults With COVID-19 : A Living Systematic Review for an American College of Physicians Practice Points. Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration Office of Research and Development, Health Services Research and Development Service, and Evidence Synthesis Program. 2020-10-05
Headache in Patients With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Infection: A Narrative Review. The search terms used were coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) clinical manifestation, COVID-19 epidemiology, neurologic findings in COVID-19, headache in COVID-19, neurologic manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and headache in SARS-CoV-2. 2020-10-05
Baricitinib improves respiratory function in patients treated with corticosteroids for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia: an observational cohort study. European Network of Centres for Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacovigilance, ENCEPP (EUPAS34966, http://www.encepp.eu/encepp/viewResource.htm? 2020-10-06
Impact of temporary traffic bans on the risk of acute coronary syndromes in a large metropolitan area. Strong epidemiologic evidence has highlighted the role of pollution, on top of adverse climate features, as a novel cardiovascular risk factor. 2020-10-06
Microbe hunting in the modern era: reflecting on a decade of microbial genomic epidemiology. Despite the advances already made by microbial genomic epidemiology, the field is still maturing, with many more exciting developments on the horizon. 2020-10-06
Cross-reactive memory T cells and herd immunity to SARS-CoV-2. The implications of immunological processes on other aspects of SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology are worthy of future study. 2020-10-07
Understanding the Epidemic Course in Order to Improve Epidemic Forecasting. Spatial lifecourse epidemiology provides a new perspective to understand the course of epidemics, especially pandemics, and a new toolkit to predict the course of future epidemics on the basis of big data. 2020-10-07
COVID-19 in children: current evidence and key questions. This review outlines the current evidence of the epidemiology of infection in children, the clinical manifestations of disease, the role of children in transmission of the virus and the recently described hyperinflammatory syndrome observed later during the first phase of the pandemic. 2020-10-07
BCG epidemiology supports its protection against COVID-19? A word of caution. Epidemiologic observations could critically aid the development of protective measures to combat this devastating viral outbreak. […] We argue that global COVID-19 epidemiologic data is unreliable and therefore should be critically scrutinized before using it as a nidus for subsequent hypothesis driven scientific discovery. 2020-10-07
Estimation of the basic reproduction number (R0) for the novel coronavirus disease in Sri Lanka. Data was obtained from daily situation reports of the Epidemiology Unit, Sri Lanka and a compartmental model was used to calculate the R0 using estimated model parameters. 2020-10-08
Burden, risk assessment, surveillance and management of SARS-CoV-2 infection in health workers: a scoping review. During the spread of COVID-19 outbreak, numerous published papers investigated the epidemiology, risk assessment and prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2. 2020-10-08
Scientific Publications During the Early Phase of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Topic Modeling Study. We found a growing trend of publications on clinical manifestations, and protective measures, and a decrease in research on disease transmission, epidemiology, healthcare response, and radiology. 2020-10-08
The four epidemiological stages in the global evolution of inflammatory bowel disease. In this Perspective, we summarize the global epidemiology of IBD and use these data to stratify disease evolution into four epidemiological stages. 2020-10-09
Epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2. Here we present the current knowledge on its epidemiologic features. 2020-10-09
Potential zoonotic sources of SARS-CoV-2 infections. Epidemiologic evidence supported by genomic sequencing corroborated mink-to-human transmission events in farm settings. 2020-10-09
Evaluation of a novel community-based COVID-19 ‘Test-to-Care’ model for low-income populations. This three-week demonstration project was nested within an epidemiologic surveillance study in a primarily Latinx neighborhood in the Mission district of San Francisco, California. 2020-10-09
Cost-effectiveness and return on investment of protecting health workers in low- and middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data sources included inputs from the World Health Organization Essential Supplies Forecasting Tool and the Imperial College of London epidemiologic model. 2020-10-09
StopCOVID cohort: An observational study of 3,480 patients admitted to the Sechenov University hospital network in Moscow city for suspected COVID-19 infection. The epidemiology, clinical course, and outcomes of COVID-19 patients in the Russian population are unknown. 2020-10-09
Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Battling Against Covid-19: A Literature Review. Here, we perform an overview on the applications of AI in a variety of fields including diagnosis of the disease via different types of tests and symptoms, monitoring patients, identifying severity of a patient, processing covid-19 related imaging tests, epidemiology, pharmaceutical studies, etc. 2020-10-12
Time-continuous and time-discrete SIR models revisited: theory and applications. Since Kermack and McKendrick have introduced their famous epidemiological SIR model in 1927, mathematical epidemiology has grown as an interdisciplinary research discipline including knowledge from biology, computer science, or mathematics. 2020-10-12
The Possibility and Cause of Relapse After Previously Recovering From COVID-19: A Systematic Review. While research is focusing on epidemiology, transmission, vaccine development, and therapeutics for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there is a possibility of disease relapse. 2020-10-12
Epidemiology of COVID-19 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: An Ecological Study. Objectives: Considering the transmissible nature of COVID-19 it is important to explore the trend of the epidemiology of the disease in each country and act accordingly. […] This study aimed to examine the trend of COVID-19 epidemiology in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in term of its incidence rate, recovery rate, and mortality rate. 2020-10-12
Dynamic emergency department response to the evolving COVID-19 pandemic: the experience of a tertiary hospital in Singapore. As the pandemic progressed, EDs faced changing patient epidemiology and numbers. […] Having limited floor space, we opted for a phased, dynamic response that allowed us to adapt the ED multiple times as the epidemiology of the pandemic evolved. 2020-10-12
CRISPR-based assays for rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2. Establishing globally accepted easy-to-access diagnostic tests is extremely important to understanding the epidemiology of the present pandemic. […] Here, we discuss and present compilation of state-of-the-art detection techniques for COVID-19 using CRISPR technology which has tremendous potential to transform diagnostics and epidemiology. 2020-10-12
Insights into the COVID-19 pandemic: Origin, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapeutic interventions. Further, we explore the epidemiology, symptoms of the disease, describe the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) that establishes the diagnosis of the disease and also review its unique diagnostic features in the chest CT-Scan. 2020-10-13
Debate: COVID-19 to the under 19 - a Singapore school mental health response. While much of the impact has focused on the epidemiology and medical management of the pandemic, more need to be focused on the mental health impact of COVID-19. 2020-10-13