NHS actin remodeling regulator

Gene Context Sentence

Table 2. Analysis of context sentence of NHS gene in 295 abstracts.

PMID Gene Context Sentence
32196406 While these common sense points will always be helpful, it is important that you keep up to date with the advice being given by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and NHS England and how it might affect you personally.
32232915 The COVID-19 pandemic presents an unprecedented challenge to our National Health Service (NHS) (1). […] As the need to appropriately direct all efforts towards providing emergency supportive care to those suffering, there will be a knee-jerk tendency to cancel all outpatient activity by NHS trusts.
32267538 This policy brief sets forth American Geriatrics Society (AGS) recommendations to guide federal, state, and local governments when making decisions about care for patients with COVID-19 in nursing homes (NHs) and other long-term care facilities (LTCFs). […] It is focused on NHs and other LTCFs, given their essential role in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic.
32275770 Reported shortages of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the NHS have caused anxiety amongst healthcare workers [1].
32279545 Jennie Burch, Head of Gastrointestinal Nurse Education, St Mark’s Hospital, London (), discusses the ramifications of coronavirus and the guidelines available to professionals working in gastroenterology.
32290904 We present results from staff testing at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom.
32303498 The role of the future physician in the NHS is of interest to current doctors, patients, policymakers and the wider public.
32327383 Current events with the recent COVID-19 outbreak are necessitating steep learning curves for the NHS workforce.
32339615 In view of this, we carried out a cross-sectional survey of front line healthcare workers (HCW) at two large acute NHS hospital Trusts in England, to assess their confidence and perceived level of preparedness for the virus.
32340566 The global spread of COVID-19 has put increased pressure on the NHS. […] The Government has put in a number of strategies to cope with this pandemic, which includes increasing funding for the NHS.
32341077 The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has placed many healthcare systems, including the NHS, under unprecedented pressure.
32348015 Reward reactivity (RR) is associated with concern about impact of coronavirus on the NHS and other social infrastructures, indicating the motivation to take positive-approach action despite worry/anxiety.
32357976 Despite recent revisions to these guidelines, concerns remain that they offer insufficient protection to frontline NHS healthcare workers.
32359857 COVID-19 is presenting a colossal challenge to frontline NHS staff.
32365233 It is supported by Diabetes UK, the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists and NHS England.
32374884 This has several reasons, but two explanations stick out: 1. lower long-term investment into healthcare in the UK rendered the NHS more vulnerable to Covid-19; 2. the existence of a well-governed decentralised and partially redundant organisation of healthcare increased resilience in Germany’ s healthcare systems, enhancing the ability to adapt in response to unexpected challenges to healthcare.
32376717 The COVID-19 pandemic is putting the NHS under unprecedented pressure, requiring clinicians to make uncomfortable decisions they would not ordinarily face.
32385458 There are differing government financial mitigations in place across dental practices for NHS and, to an extent private, activity, as well as for the dental industry.
32389318 These guidelines aim to expand on those provided by NHS England regarding cancer care during the coronavirus pandemic by examining the known literature and provide guidance in managing patients with urothelial and rarer urinary tract cancers.
32396986 These concerns led NHS England and NHS Improvement to expedite the National Patient Safety Improvement Programme’s ‘Safe Tracheostomy Care’ workstream as part of the NHS COVID-19 response.
32400142 Most research on resilience in healthcare systems such as the NHS is based on organisational crises, such as nurse shortages, an ageing workforce and financial restrictions.
32400298 As universities seek to deliver medical education through new methods of modalities, this continuing of education ensures the learning of the future workforce of the NHS.
32406513 During this period, NHS Occupational Health Services (OHS) were stretched to their limit along with other health services.
32428245 The UK National Health Service (NHS) has risen to the challenge posed by COVID-19 through Herculean efforts to expand capacity.
32430344 We urge NHS trusts nationally to implement simulations to identify problems and develop effective solutions.
32437679 Wellcome Trust, UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), UK Medical Research Council, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and University College London.
32438448 Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, North Bristol NHS Trust (NBT) doctors were redeployed to unfamiliar clinical teams, where they would work at the level of a fully-registered Foundation doctor.
32438510 This editorial shows how the principles of demand-capacity modelling lead to the conclusion that COVID-19 disease will require the UK NHS to run its serves at a far higher working capacity (in terms of hospital, intensive care and social care beds, operating theatres and staff) than it has been used to. […] The analysis leads to key questions that should form the basis for rational planning in a post-COVID NHS.
32447002 A questionnaire survey, drafted using Google Forms, was distributed among Healthcare professionals working in the National Health Service (NHS) across the United Kingdom. […] Most of the respondents were in the favour of an earlier lockdown (90%) and testing all the NHS frontline staff (94%). […] Despite current efforts, it would seem this is not translating to a sense of security amongst the UK NHS workforce in terms of how they feel trained and protected.
32454891 The Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic is exerting unprecedented pressure on NHS Health and Social Care provisions, with frontline staff, such as those of critical care units, encountering vast practical and emotional challenges on a daily basis. […] This article describes the phased, stepped-care and evidence-based approach that has been adopted by the service to support local frontline NHS staff. […] We wish to share our service design and pathway of care with other Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services who may also seek to support hospital frontline staff within their associated NHS Trusts and in doing so, lay the foundations of a coordinated response.
32457133 Publicly available Renal Registry and NHS Blood and Transplant reports were analysed to model the number of missed transplant opportunities, waiting list size and change in dialysis population over a six-month period starting 5 March 2020.
32469096 The sudden and unanticipated COVID-19 viral pandemic of 2020 and its profound impact on the NHS prompted an almost overnight change in the services we are able to offer our patients to fulfil clinical demands.
32475734 Charles Moore in The Telegraph recently described the NHS as ‘lumbering’.1 Far from this description, it has been our experience that the NHS has rapidly transformed across specialties in order to respond to the unprecedented global crisis of COVID-19.
32487272 The likely outcomes involve major negative effects for NHS staffing, funding for health and social care, and capital financing for the NHS; and for UK global leadership and influence.
32490743 We consider various types of litigation that may follow the Covid-19 pandemic, including: claims against National Health Service (NHS) Trusts by patients who have contracted the coronavirus (or by their bereaved families), claims by NHS staff against their employer for a failure to provide any or adequate personal protective equipment or testing, commercial claims arising from the procurement of medical supplies, the potential liabilities to those who suffer adverse reactions to any vaccine and the guidance issued by the regulators in relation to subsequent disciplinary action.
32496851 This paper discusses social prescribing as part of the wider NHS England universal personalised care model, and it describes how community nurses can engage with social prescribing systems to support community resilience.
32496858 The COVID-19 pandemic has placed increased strain on many aspects of the NHS.
32500571 The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a marked reduction in the number of patients accessing the UK’s National Health Service (NHS) for emergency reasons1 .
32515258 The aim is to suppress the spread of the virus, reduce the death toll and “protect the National Health Service (NHS)” which needed time to empty wards and expand its intensive care unit (ICU) capability to deal with an expected influx of thousands of very sick patients.
32530367 Medical decision-making has, across the history of the NHS, made a transitional journey from a model characterised by paternalism to one which places emphasis on partnership and patient autonomy. […] It observes that clinical judgment influenced by protocols, algorithms and resource constraints do not lend themselves to full identification with either of the two frameworks familiar to the NHS.
32531807 In order to focus on acute care capacity and maintain social distancing, there was simultaneous widespread change in the depth and breadth of National Health Service (NHS) services and a reduction in preventative care for people with diabetes [1].
32537614 This reflection is not a junior doctor’s view of how COVID-19 was managed by the NHS, but a personal view of my illness from ‘the other side of the curtain’.
32550647 We explore how a medical student, now a ‘fast tracked’ junior doctor, and a senior consultant, with pre-existing health issues, can feel confident working as part of the NHS response to COVID-19.
32559308 This led to the UK government advising patients with blood cancers to shield, massive re-organisation of NHS haematology and cancer services, and changes in treatment plans for thousands of patients.
32564356 One such impact has been on surgical practice in the United Kingdom’s (UK) National Health Service (NHS). […] From March 17, 2020, NHS hospitals were instructed by NHS England to postpone non-urgent elective operations for 3 months.[
32565644 Some guidance is available on these changes from bodies such as the National Health Service (NHS), Public Health England and the British Orthopaedic Association (BOA).
32574345 The paper also describes a premature baby with reverse transcription (RT)-PCR-positive COVID-19 seen at the Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
32584167 COVID-19 has placed an increased burden on the NHS.
32589538 This article is based on the personal experiences of doctors in the NHS and insights into the frontline response to this situation.
32591702 The NHS is advising that frontline staff of BAME origin should be risk-assessed regarding their safety in working in clinical areas which are at risk of COVID-19.
32592080 The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect upon the National Health Service (NHS).
32594909 Combining census estimates and hospital capacity data from ONS and NHS at the Administrative Region, Ceremonial County (CC), Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) and Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) level from England and Wales, we calculate the number of individuals at risk of COVID-19 hospitalization.
32598501 NHS England have proposed the formation of a Pan-London Emergency Cardiac surgery (PLECS) service to provide urgent and emergency cardiac surgery for the whole of London.
32603803 A retrospective case series of hospitalized patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 by PCR was analysed across two acute NHS hospitals (20 February-20 April 2020; each isolate reviewed independently in parallel).
32613083 We aimed to explore the risk of death in minority ethnic groups in England using data reported by NHS England. […] Methods: We used NHS data on patients with a positive COVID-19 test who died in hospitals in England published on 28th April, with deaths by ethnicity available from 1st March 2020 up to 5pm on 21 April 2020. […] Conclusion: Our analysis adds to the evidence that BAME people are at increased risk of death from COVID-19 even after adjusting for geographical region, but was limited by the lack of data on deaths outside of NHS settings and ethnicity denominator data being based on the 2011 census.
32615891 Radical changes occurred in the Italian NHS and thus in GI departments, as only urgent endoscopies were guaranteed.
  1. To compare the number of COVID-19 cases between each trial arm on the basis of positive tests (as per current clinical testing methods and/or serology) 3) To compare the percentage of COVID-19 positive individuals with current testing methods versus serologically-proven COVID-19 in each trial arm 4) To compare COVID-19 disease severity in each trial arm 5) To compare recovery time from COVID-19 infection in each trial arm EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine compliance (as measured by trough pharmacokinetic hydroxychloroquine levels) on COVID-19 positive tests 2) To determine if genetic factors determine susceptibility to COVID-19 disease or response to treatment 3) To determine if blood group determines susceptibility to COVID-19 disease 4) To compare serum biomarkers of COVID-19 disease in each arm TRIAL DESIGN: Double-blind, multi-centre, 2-arm (3:3:2 ratio) randomised placebo-controlled trial PARTICIPANTS: National Health Service (NHS) workers who have direct patient contact delivering care to patients with COVID-19. […] Participants in the trial will be recruited from a number of NHS hospitals directly caring for patients with COVID-19. […] Trial site is Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
32618332 NHS is heavily relied on the BAME work force both in front line and in the community. […] BAME group felt adequate provision of PPE, increased testing and improving mental health well-being is required to alleviate concerns and improve BAME working life in NHS.
32620592 As of May 2020, 85% of NHS trusts made use of infection control messages; on average, these delayed healthcare professionals by 59.4 seconds per call, but had no clear association with patient outcomes from COVID-19.
32634023 This multicentre cohort study included 340 COVID-19-negative patients versus 82 COVID-19-positive patients undergoing surgical treatment for hip fractures across nine NHS hospitals in Greater London, UK.
32640463 Working on behalf of NHS England, we created OpenSAFELY-a secure health analytics platform that covers 40% of all patients in England and holds patient data within the existing data centre of a major vendor of primary care electronic health records.
32641154 Participants will be recruited across multiple centres including initially at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, King’s College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, University Hospital of Wales, Gloucestershire Royal Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and The Royal Wolverhampton NHS Trust.
32651513 As the government’s coronavirus (COVID-19) lockdown starts to be eased and the NHS starts entering phase two of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic, dental practices are expecting a sharp increase in the need for dental treatment.
32654431 Here we addressed this issue using multivariable regression analysis to test the impact of the following factors: the hospital stress (defined as the ratio between the number of infected cases and the total number of hospital beds), the population median age, and the quality of the National Health System (NHS).
32662615 Herein, we present our relevant experience over a 3-month period of uninterrupted provision of emergency general surgery services in George Eliot Hospital NHS Trust, the United Kingdom.
32672399 In the UK, the key message from the Government was to ‘Stay at home, protect the NHS, save lives’, sending out a clear warning that failing to stay at home would put other lives and the ability of the NHS to cope at risk.
32674822 To assess the American Testing Guidance for Nursing Homes (NHs)-updated May 19, 2020-with a new COVID-19 case. […] This study shows the validity of the updated American Testing Guidance for Nursing Homes (NHs).
32680838 The NHS in England has rapidly expanded staff testing for COVID-19 in order to allow healthcare workers who would otherwise be isolating with symptoms suspicious of COVID-19 to be cleared to work.
32694169 Clinical observations have also highlighted that these patients have elevated von Willebrand factor (vWF) and factor VIIIc. 24 consecutive COVID-19 positive patients were selected from the intensive care unit (ICU) or the high acuity ward of Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust.
32695884 This paper furthers these historical considerations of the current pandemic by examining the way the National Health Service (NHS) and discourses of risk have figured in public and policy responses. […] It suggests that appeals to protect the NHS are based on longer-term anxieties about the service’s capacity to care and endure in the face of growing demand, as well as building on the attachment that has developed as a result of this persistence in the face of existential threats.
32696957 NH coverage became considerably more prominent, as the average number of words and daily articles on NHs increased. […] The increased volume of coverage has implications for the relative saliency of NHs to other issues during the pandemic. […] The increased prominence of coverage has implications for the perceived importance of addressing pre-existing deficits and the devastating consequences of the pandemic for NHs.
32702310 In this national population-based modelling study, we used linked English National Health Service (NHS) cancer registration and hospital administrative datasets for patients aged 15-84 years, diagnosed with breast, colorectal, and oesophageal cancer between Jan 1, 2010, and Dec 31, 2010, with follow-up data until Dec 31, 2014, and diagnosed with lung cancer between Jan 1, 2012, and Dec 31, 2012, with follow-up data until Dec 31, 2015. […] We considered three reallocation scenarios representing the best to worst case scenarios and reflect actual changes in the diagnostic pathway being seen in the NHS, as of March 16, 2020, and estimated the impact on net survival at 1, 3, and 5 years after diagnosis to calculate the additional deaths that can be attributed to cancer, and the total years of life lost (YLLs) compared with pre-pandemic data.
32702311 We also used data for cancer diagnoses made via the 2-week-wait referral pathway in 2013-16 from the Cancer Waiting Times system from NHS Digital.
32711946 Pandemic COVID-19 has put unprecedented pressure on NHS providers to offer non face-to-face consultation.
32712743 To prepare for this unprecedented emergency, elective patient care was put on hold across the National Health Service (NHS).
32713374 Using information from South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLAM) clinical records, via the Clinical Record Interactive Search system, we identified 6309 individuals who had an ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and were taking antipsychotics at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic onset in the UK.
32719036 The IBD service at Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust (IBD Hull) instituted rapid structural and functional changes to the service.
32724732 Setting The setting of the study was emergency surgery theaters at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
32725156 Guidelines are needed to help clinicians make decisions regarding appropriate use of limited NHS critical care resources.
32728926 The decision to offer surgery was made in adherence with the guidelines issued by the NHS, BOOS and BSG.
32736592 Participants will be recruited across multiple centres in the UK including initially at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust and St George’s University NHS Foundation Trust.
32753516 Between 23 March and 28 April 2020, a total of 162 patients with a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR died in our NHS trust.
32757893 With a move towards an apprenticeship model to achieve the SPQDN, DNs must engage with and influence curriculum development to confirm courses deliver requirements of the workplace, commissioners and the 2019 NHS Long Term Plan.
32759252 Additionally, the Health Information Quality Authority (Ireland) viral load synthesis was used, which screened literature from PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect, NHS evidence, Cochrane, medRxiv and bioRxiv, and HRB open databases.
32769095 The paper begins with a brief review of UK law concerning healthcare resource allocation, considering how community interests and individual rights have been marshalled in judicial deliberation about the use of limited health resources within the National Health Service (NHS). […] Congruent with the position that UK courts have adopted for resource allocation decision-making in the NHS more generally, specific requirements for a procedural framework and substantive triage criteria to be applied within that framework during the COVID-19 pandemic are considered in detail.
32774004 The Oxford Sarcoma Service was re-structured based on the guidelines issued by the National Health Service (NHS) and the British Orthopaedic Oncology Society (BOOS) to deliver unhindered care to patients.
32780493 In a comprehensive national cohort study enabled by linkage of the UK transplant registry and Public Health England and NHS Digital Tracing services we examined the incidence of laboratory confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection and subsequent mortality in patients on the active waiting list for a deceased donor SOT and recipients with a functioning SOT as of 1st February 2020 with follow up to 20th May 20202.
32788160 Of 662 inpatients with COVID-19 at an NHS Trust in South London, 45 (6.8%) were likely to have acquired COVID-19 in hospital.
32791519 The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted patient care across the NHS.
32801205 To compare National Health Service (NHS) organisations’ testing pathways for patients with suspected COVID-19 in the community versus standard hospital testing practices. […] NHS commissioners and services. […] We undertook a cost-minimisation analysis comparing the costs to the NHS in Wales of community testing for COVID-19 versus standard hospital testing practices and ambulance conveyancing. […] We analysed data from patients with suspected COVID-19 between January and February 2020 and applied assumptions of costs from national contractual and reference costs for ambulances, staffing and transportation with market costs at the time of publication. 177 patients with suspected COVID-19 underwent community testing via local NHS organisations between January and February 2020 with a mean age of 46.1 (IQR 27.5-56.3). […] We estimate, compared with standard hospital testing practices, cash savings in improved productivity for the NHS of £24,539 during this time period, in addition to further non-monetised benefits for hospital and ambulance flow. […] Community testing for COVID-19 in Wales is now an established pathway and continues to bring benefits for patients, local healthcare organisations and the NHS.
32802965 The author, a child and adolescent psychoanalytic psychotherapist working in the UK NHS, ponders the varied impacts of ‘lockdown’ on adolescents, their parents and the psychotherapists who work with them, during the COVID-19 pandemic.
32815785 Following the cancelation of traditional course components such as elective placements, UK medical students have been able to carry out temporary roles within the NHS.
32818071 Virtual fracture clinics (VFC) are advocated by new orthopaedic (British Orthopaedic Association) and National Health Service (NHS) guidelines in the United Kingdom.
32826157 In the UK, the NHS was placed on a war-footing, with elective surgery, face-to-face outpatient clinics, and community care facilities all scaled back as a temporary measure to redistribute scarce resources.
32830284 A multidisciplinary team of professionals in the UK developed a comprehensive pragmatic telephone screening tool, the COVID-19 Yorkshire Rehabilitation Screen (C19-YRS), and an integrated rehabilitation pathway, which spans the acute hospital trust, community trust and primary care service within the National Health Service (NHS) service model.
32835148 Phase 4 aims to compare the impact of COVID-19 on the NHS and USA model of healthcare in terms of service provision and cost, and to propose a standardised model of delivering colorectal cancer services for future outbreaks.
32836538 The coronavirus pandemic has had huge impacts on the National Health Service (NHS). […] This has led to an effort to dramatically increase the resources available to NHS hospitals in treating these patients, involving re-organisation of hospital facilities, redeployment of existing staff and a drive to bring in recently retired and newly graduated staff to fight the pandemic.
32837018 Drawing on the voice of a woman NHS frontline Doctor during the current Covid-19 pandemic, we explore her lived experience of the embodiment of risk in the crisis. […] We explore her work on the NHS frontline, providing a conceptual framework of the multi-level facets of the embodiment of risk, through lived experiences of risk, and observations of the inequality of risk in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic in the UK.
32839287 There is a need for a unified pathway for the respiratory follow-up of patients with COVID-19 balancing the delivery of high-quality clinical care with stretched National Health Service (NHS) resources. […] To mitigate NHS pressures, virtual solutions have been embedded within the pathway as has safety netting of patients whose clinical trajectory deviates from the pathway.
32840492 We undertook a retrospective cohort study, in Leicester (UK), of all individuals assessed for COVID-19 with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust between 1st March and 28th April 2020.
32841703 We present a case study of potential nosocomial transmission associated with the first case of COVID-19 at a large acute NHS Trust in South-West London, and we describe the prevailing burden of nosocomial infections.
32843331 The NHS Digital SNOMED CT Browser was used to identify concept and descriptive identifiers.
32845762 When we review our performance and plan for the next public health crisis, we need to be brave enough to dare to challenge the NHS and its advisors.
32852785 Currently, teledermatology in the NHS plays a particularly important role in triaging referrals on the skin cancer 2-week-wait (2ww) pathway, given the necessity for rapid lesion assessment, the ever-increasing volume of 2ww referrals received by dermatology departments, and the significant proportion of benign lesions referred that do not require a face-to-face consultation.
32854520 During the current coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, some ophthalmologists across the United Kingdom (UK) have been redeployed to areas of need across the National Health Service (NHS). […] Online anonymous survey around the existing guidance on safe redeployment of secondary care NHS staff and PPE use by NHS England and Public Health England respectively.
32855158 This project, based in the largest Island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, aimed to codesign the use of the NHS Near Me video consulting platform for OPA to take place in the patient’s home.
32855212 The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in prioritisation of National Health Service (NHS) resources to cope with the surge in infected patients.
32862137 More recently, we have complemented this using an internet-based platform (NHS Near Me).
32873607 Patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection requiring admission to University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHB) in Birmingham, UK between 10 March 2020 and 17 April 2020 were included.
32883050 A total of ~200 coronavirus disease (CoVID-19)-suspected NHS patient samples were tested using the platform and it was shown to be reliable, highly specific and significantly more sensitive than the current gold standard qRT-PCR.
32900994 In collaboration with an NHS diagnostic testing lab, we report the performance of the overall workflow and detection of SARS-CoV-2 in patient samples using RT-qPCR, CRISPR-Cas13a, and RT-LAMP. […] The validated RNA extraction and RT-qPCR platform has been installed in NHS diagnostic labs, increasing testing capacity by 1000 samples per day.
32904948 Undertaking a forensic analysis of policy in regard to the overall plan, monitoring and protection as well as funding and resources, the first part lays bare the slow, late and inadequate response to the risk and reality of COVID-19 in care homes as against that in the National Health Service (NHS). […] This would support an interpretation in terms of policy avoidance as well as a possible political calculation by government that its policies towards the care sector and care homes would be less important and politically damaging than those for the NHS.
32913690 Objectives To assess how UK General Practitioners (GPs) and Practice Managers (PMs) have coped with the challenges posed by the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic and whether they felt adequately supported by the wider National Health Service (NHS). […] Perception of the support provided by NHS England and the Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) was rather mixed, although additional guidelines were broadly welcomed. […] Conclusions COVID-19 has substantially accelerated the pace of change within NHS primary care.
32914175 The continuous supply of personal protective equipment (PPE) in the National Health Service (NHS) is paramount to reduce transmission of COVID-19 to patients, public, and staff.
32917840 University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust (UHBFT), UK. 545 asymptomatic healthcare workers were recruited while at work.
32930389 In April 2020, Massachusetts nursing homes (NHs) became a hotspot for COVID-19 infections and associated deaths. […] A total of 360 Massachusetts NHs. […] We used two data sources: (1) four state audits of all NHs, and (2) weekly NH reports to the Massachusetts Center for Health Information and Analysis.
32930797 In April 2020, Covid-19 brought NHS elective procedures to a halt. […] Using data published by NHS digital and NHS England on previous years, we have analysed and used this to produce estimates of cancellations and missed cases. […] Given falling compliance with 18-week intention to treat we believe the scale of the backlog combined with NHS capacity diminished due to Covid-19 precautions is a public health crisis waiting to occur.
32931980 The COVID-19 pandemic has led to changes in NHS surgical service provision, including reduced elective surgical and endoscopic activity, with only essential emergency surgery being undertaken.
32933788 Every year in the UK National Health Service (NHS), there are typically 500 never events, 21,000 serious incidents, and many more episodes of physical or psychological harm.
32934038 Logistic regression analyses were performed for patients admitted to University Hospital, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, between 24 January 2020 - 13 April 2020.
32934994 Intended as a contribution to the Waiting in Pandemic Times project Collection in response to COVID-19, this short theoretical paper views the coronavirus crisis in terms of its unpredictable effects on the interior life of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce. […] Written immediately following the suspension (due to the pandemic) of an ethnographic investigation of waiting in a general practice in London, it tracks the first signs that working definitions of time would struggle to survive the onset of a temporality of acute crisis in the NHS. […] The paper considers what it might mean for healthcare practitioners at this particular moment in the NHS’s history to be living through an experience of ‘the ordinary’ breaking down. […] It also follows hints of new temporal modes of care appearing during this same period when one kind of crisis in the NHS has been put on hold, and another (the crisis of coronavirus) is just getting underway.
32943234 We have built upon the NHS leadership guide we used in the College’s leadership development programme and 2019 webinars, Developing People, Improving Care.
32954610 Although this commentary focuses on the authors’ experiences within Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust (GSTT) in London, we hope that our viewpoint will resonate with dental postgraduate trainees across Europe and may guide further discussion in this area.
32959627 The National Health Service (NHS) has rapidly adopted telemedicine solutions as an alternative to face-to-face consultations during the COVID-19 pandemic.
32962974 COVID-19 has had a profound effect on the NHS.
32967930 Participants were individuals accessing PrEP through the National Health Service (NHS) sexual health clinics across four health boards in Wales.
32972231 Lauren Oliver, formerly Clinical Nurse Advisor, NHS Nightingale North West, outlines the challenges faced by staff in providing good-quality end-of-life care for patients in a temporary hospital during the initial peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
32972287 The study was based at East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust and participants were recruited from a number of secondary and tertiary care centres across the region. 120 orthopaedic trainees were contacted, working in 21 teaching hospitals.
32978107 In the light of the arrival of a novel contagious and life-threatening virus, the NHS has responded by making difficult decisions to maintain care for patients and protect staff. […] An assessment of the long-term health, social and economic impact of NHS wide service reconfiguration upon patient outcomes is yet to be seen.
32978111 The Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated the widespread adoption of technology-enabled care in the NHS.1 Moving into phase two of the response, the continuing use of audio-visual technology is expected, where appropriate, to be integral in the provision of safe, quality patient care.2 A clinical need therefore exists to identify when care can be safely delivered remotely using audio-visual technology and when there is a need for in-person contact. […] At Salisbury Foundation Trust (SFT), during phase one of the NHS response to Covid-19, the decision to treat upper limb trauma patients in-person or remotely was made using clinical screening criteria.
32981003 SARS-CoV2 outbreak has challenged NHS of many countries.
32981073 A government-led public health campaign was publicized under the slogan of: “Stay home, Protect the NHS (National Health Service), Save lives.”
32981663 During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, US nursing homes (NHs) have been under pressure to maintain staff levels with limited access to personal protection equipment (PPE). […] Multivariate logistic regressions of staff shortages with state fixed-effects were conducted to examine the effect of COVID-19 factors in NHs. 11,920 free-standing NHs. […] Of the 11,920 NHs, 15.9%, 18.4%, 2.5%, and 9.8% reported shortages of licensed nurse staff, nurse aides, clinical staff, and other staff, respectively. […] Multivariate regressions suggest that shortages in licensed nurses and nurse aides were more likely in NHs having any resident with COVID-19 (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.44, 1.60, respectively) and any staff with COVID-19 (AOR = 1.37, 1.34, respectively). […] NHs with a higher proportion of Medicare residents were less likely to experience shortages. […] Abundant staff shortages were reported by NHs and were mainly driven by COVID-19 factors. […] In the absence of appropriate staff, NHs may be unable to fulfill the requirement of infection control even under the risk of increased monetary penalties.
32986806 To examine characteristics of NHs across three Irish Community Health Organisations (CHOs), proportions with COVID-19 outbreaks, staff and resident infection rates symptom-profile, and resident case-fatality. […] Forty-five NHs surveyed requesting details on occupancy, size, COVID-19 outbreak, outbreak timing, total symptomatic/asymptomatic cases, and outcomes for residents from 29/02/2020-22/05/2020. […] Surveys were returned from 62.2% (28/45) of NHs (2043 residents, 2,303 beds). […] Median time from first COVID-19 case in Ireland to first case in these NHs was 27.0 days. […] Similar proportions of residents in NHs with “early-stage” (<28 days) versus “later-stage” outbreaks developed COVID-19. […] Lower proportions of residents in “early” outbreak NHs had recovered compared to those with “late” outbreaks (37.4% vs 61.7%; χ2 = 56.9, P < 0.001).
32986866 During COVID-19, the NHS Health Regulations Authority (HRA) and Medical and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) introduced fast-track application reviews for new COVID-19 related studies and/or study amendments, with the HRA approving applications as fast as 72 hours, a process that could previously take up to 60 days1,2 .
32990080 As elective work in the NHS is reinstated, it is important that the implications of the possibility of airborne transmission of the virus in hospitals are more widely understood.
32990127 As part of the response to COVID-19 in the United Kingdom (UK) the NHS Nightingale Hospital London was rapidly established in March 2020.
32992408 To explore the modifications to maternity services across the UK, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, in the context of the pandemic guidance issued by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), Royal College of Midwives (RCM) and NHS England.
32994260 This study has been registered, reviewed and approved by the following: Health Research Authority (20/HRA1898); Ethics Committee of Hospital Policlinico Modena, Italy (369/2020/OSS/AOUMO); Health and Care Research Permissions Service, Wales; and NHS Research Scotland Permissions Co-ordinating Centre, Scotland.
32994262 Birmingham Community Healthcare NHS Trust, which provides all routine CPME for Birmingham, England, population 1.1 million including 288 000 children.
33016683 The initial NHS approach determined a high percentage of hospital admissions that led to early overload of hospitals, and we had to reorganize our structure to face the emergency.
33021102 Other potential collaborations might be exploited, including with space agencies, electronics and global communications industries and the nuclear industry.In preparation for clinical delivery, there may be opportunities to send patients overseas (for 12C or 4He ion therapy) using the model of the National Health Service (NHS) Proton Overseas Programme and to look at potential national clinical trials which include heavier ions, FLASH or SFRT.
33023738 A retrospective review was undertaken of 3,403 patients who were confirmed positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, and admitted to Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK between 1 March 2020 and 31 May 2020, and who underwent neuroimaging.
33029561 The UK COVID-19 lockdown has included restricting social movement and interaction to slow the spread of disease and reduce demand on NHS acute services.
33030379 Mobile working is becoming more widespread, useful and valuable in this innovative period in the NHS.
33031439 This study included all consecutive patients admitted for COVID-19 between February and April 2020 at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, with either imaging of the liver available dated within one year from the admission or a known diagnosis of NAFLD.
33032935 Inform coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection prevention measures by identifying and assessing risk and possible vectors of infection in nursing homes (NHs) using a machine-learning approach. […] This retrospective cohort study used a gradient boosting algorithm to evaluate risk of COVID-19 infection (ie, presence of at least 1 confirmed COVID-19 resident) in NHs. […] The model was trained on outcomes from 1146 NHs in Massachusetts, Georgia, and New Jersey, reporting COVID-19 case data on April 20, 2020. […] Risk indices generated from the model using data from May 4 were prospectively validated against outcomes reported on May 11 from 1021 NHs in California.
33033623 NHS England (an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health and Social Care, England) recommended prioritisation of more urgent conditions, including those people whose condition has deteriorated and those waiting the longest as part of a phased return to pre-COVID-19 service provision.
33033888 Government, Non-Governmental Organisation, NHS and Commercial) and theme (i.e. general COVID-19 information, population practise and employment rulings).
33034039 Almost half of COVID-19 related deaths in the United States are linked to nursing homes (NHs). […] We describe among short-term and long-term residents at three NHs in Michigan the outbreak identification process, universal testing, point prevalence of COVID- 19, and subsequent containment efforts, outcomes, and challenges. […] Three NHs in Southeast Michigan. […] All residents (N = 215) at three NHs (total beds 356) affiliated with a large academic healthcare system. […] A total of 29 cases of COVID-19 were identified at three participating NHs.
33034046 PARTICIPANTS Veterans residing in Veterans Affairs (VA) managed NHs and residents in a private national chain of community NHs.
33036814 A single-centre retrospective study was undertaken of 285 consecutive patients undergoing CT pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) in the Emergency Department at Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust in the United Kingdom between 25 March and 30 April 2020.
33037028 We must recognise and applaud the motivations of our future workforce who have stepped up to support the NHS at a time of unprecedented demand.
33038974 University Hospitals Southampton NHS Foundation Trust.
33064898 In three Scottish NHS Boards, FIT kits (HM-JACKarc, Hitachi Chemical Diagnostics Systems Co., Ltd, Tokyo, Japan) were used by general practitioners to guide referrals for patients with lower GI symptoms (laboratory data studied for 12 months from December 2015 onwards in Tayside, 18 months from June 2018 onwards in Fife and 5 months from September 2018 onwards in Greater Glasgow and Clyde).
33065193 This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical outcomes of healthcare-associated COVID-19 infections (HA-COVID-19) during the 2020 epidemic and study factors which may promote or correlate with its incidence and transmission in a Teaching Hospital NHS Trust in London, UK.
33066777 We analysed National Health Service (NHS) datasets and literature reviews to estimate hospital care capacity before the pandemic (pre-pandemic baseline) and to quantify the impact of interventions (cancellation of elective surgery, field hospitals, use of private hospitals, deployment of former medical staff and deployment of newly qualified medical staff) for treatment of adult COVID-19 patients, focusing on general and acute (G&A) and critical care (CC) beds, staff and ventilators. […] NHS England would not have had sufficient capacity to treat all COVID-19 and other patients in March and April 2020 without the hospital provision interventions, which alleviated significant shortfalls in CC nurses, CC and G&A beds and CC junior doctors.
33068489 We describe a major reorganization of service at a regional referral centre (Royal Surrey NHS Foundation Trust) to manage the crisis.
33078140 In May 2020, the UK National Health Service (NHS) Test and Trace programme was launched in England in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. […] The programme was first rolled out on the Isle of Wight and included version 1 of the NHS contact tracing app.
33089630 To understand participant experience of accessing an adapted programme via videoconference. ), referred to an NHS Dietetics service in Wales, were offered a group videoconference weight management programme as an optional alternative to in-person groups.
33091200 Searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, Europe PMC and NHS evidence from December 2019 to 20 July 2020.
33094230 As the NHS responds to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, the strain is being felt across the entire workforce.
33094252 Here we describe a cross-skilling programme in North Bristol NHS Trust designed to address colleague anxiety and support wellbeing during redeployment.
33094253 We describe one successful Twitter campaign focusing on the role of medical students (#MedStudentCovid), led by the volunteer organisation Becoming A Doctor with support from leaders at the General Medical Council, Health Education England, NHS England and the World Health Organization.
33094254 We report our experience introducing a digital COVID-19 assessment tool with an associated live dashboard at two acute NHS hospitals, enabling accurate hospital-level reporting alongside risk stratification.
33094255 The current COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated the redeployment of NHS staff to acute-facing specialties, meaning that care of dying people is being provided by those who may not have much experience in this area.
33094257 During the COVID-19 pandemic, many healthcare staff and others who work for the NHS have been working from home (WFH) or shielding due to various health conditions, including pregnancy. […] This online survey attempts to throw some light on how these healthcare workers have been contributing to the NHS while WFH, the resources they may or may not have to undertake their remote duties, their perception of whether their contribution is valued at the workplace, and their views on whether the new ways of working would influence the manner in which they would work in the future.
33094260 The outbreak of COVID-19 in the UK in March 2020 required a radical remodelling of the medical workforce at Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust to prepare for the anticipated surge of hospital admissions.
33094261 In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the NHS has implemented significant workforce changes to manage the increased and changing demand on healthcare services. […] We conducted a survey at three NHS trusts over 2 weeks asking redeployed doctors to rate their morale, work-life balance and perceived support and safety, and to voice concerns. 172 redeployed doctors responded to the survey.
33094262 Many NHS organisations have cancelled outpatient clinics to release frontline clinical staff and minimise risk of patients contracting COVID-19.
33094265 Service redevelopment has taken place across the NHS in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. […] At North Bristol NHS Trust, six vulnerable medical staff in non-patient facing roles set up a virtual advice service called ‘Ask the Medical Reg’.
33094266 Here, we describe how respiratory specialists at a large NHS trust, working with primary care clinicians in the area, set up a GP hotline and respiratory support service in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, with the aim of enhancing delivery of care to patients in this unprecedented time.
33107131 The research found that triggers of mental health problems among frontline health workers in private care homes and domiciliary care agencies are fear of infection and infecting others, lack of recognition/disparity between National Health Service (NHS) and social care, lack of guidance, unsafe hospital discharge, death and loss of professionals and residents, unreliable testing and delayed results and shortage of staff.
33107775 This article discusses the impact of Covid-19 on medical and healthcare education, and the challenges that now face students, educational providers and the wider NHS.
33109197 People of BAME background account for 4.5% of the English population and make up 21% of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce. […] Potential reasons for the observed differences include the overrepresentation of BAME persons in frontline roles, unequal distribution of socio-economic resources, disproportionate risks to BAME staff within the NHS workspace and high ethnic predisposition to certain diseases which have been linked to poorer outcomes with Covid-19.
33119424 With a focus on the impact of COVID-19 on the NHS, we describe the frontline experience of a severely affected hospital in close proximity to London.
33130573 Public and private hospitals providing surgical care to National Health Service (NHS) patients in England. […] All adult patients resident in England undergoing NHS-funded planned surgical procedures between 1 April 2017 and 31 March 2018.
33132938 Older people living in nursing homes (NHs) are particularly vulnerable in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, due to the high prevalence of chronic diseases and disabilities (e.g., dementia). […] The phenomenon of adverse events (AEs), intended as any harm or injury resulting from medical care or to the failure to provide care, has not yet been investigated in NHs during the pandemic. […] We performed a national survey on 3,292 NHs, either public or providing services both privately and within the national health system, out of the 3,417 NHs covering the whole Italian territory. […] The list of NHs was provided by the Dementia Observatory, an online map of Italian services for people with dementia, which was one of the objectives of the implementation of the Italian National Dementia Plan. […] About 26% of residents in the Italian NHs for older people listed within the Dementia Observatory site had dementia. […] The objective of our study was to report the frequency of AEs that occurred during the months when SARS-CoV-2 spreading rate was at its highest in the Italian NHs and to identify which conditions and attributes were most associated with the occurrence of AEs by means of multivariate regression logistic analysis. […] Data are referred to 1,356 NHs that participated in the survey. […] Among the included NHs, having a bed capacity higher than the median of 60 beds (OR=1.57, CI95% 1.17-2.09; p=0.002), an observed increased in the use of psychiatric drugs (OR=1.80, CI95% 1.05-3.07; p=0.032), adopting physical restraint measures (OR=1.97, CI95% 1.47-2.64; p<0.001), residents hospitalized due to flu-like symptoms (OR =1.73, CI95% 1.28-2.32; p<0.001), and being located in specific geographic areas (OR=3.59, CI95% 1.81-7.08; OR = 2.90, CI95% 1.45-5.81 and OR = 4.02, CI05% 2.01-8.04 for, respectively, North-West, North-East and Centre vs South, p<0.001) were all factors positively associated to the occurrence of adverse events in the facility. […] Future recommendations for the management and care of residents in NHs during the COVID-19 pandemic should include specific statements for the most vulnerable populations, such as people with dementia.
33134202 There has also been a surge in student volunteers, often playing critical roles in primary and secondary care to support National Health Service (NHS) staff working on the frontlines.
33134902 MR was supported by an NHS Research Scotland Career Researcher Clinician award.
33141939 We observed 55 decision-making events in six NHS hospitals.
33143753 A retrospective cohort study was conducted of all patients who underwent high priority endoscopic nasal surgery or anterior skull base surgery between 23rd March and 15th June 2020 at University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust.
33148777 Retrospective case-controlled service evaluation for a single UK National Health Service (NHS) Trust during March-June 2020 designed and conducted solely to estimate the effects of current care. […] The acute inpatient unit in Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, a medium-sized English NHS Trust. 206 patients with antigen confirmed COVID-19 disease and severe acute respiratory syndrome admitted between 17 March 2020 and 3 April 2020 for the early group (controls), and between 10 April 2020 and 11 May 2020 for the late group (cases).
33150447 Since March 2020, the NICE has developed 21 rapid guidelines with NHS England and NHS Improvement (NHSE&I) and a cross-speciality clinical group, supported by specialist societies and royal colleges.
33152974 The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has accentuated pressures on the National Health Service (NHS) infrastructure, particularly elective services, whilst radically altering patterns of practice.
33159248 The survey was completed by 117 participants covering 66 NHS Trusts across the UK.
33167682 (NHS constitution) All healthcare services need to consider patients holistically, giving equal attention to disease, disability, and distress.
33172728 This paper reviews the activity undertaken between a teaching hospital and its adjacent Independent Hospital and its implementation under the Independent Sector Provider Contract between NHSE and the Independent Sector. […] RESULTS: From the instigation of the NHSE contract with the Independent Sector up until 28th June 2020 The Norfolk and Norwich University NHS Trust (NNUH) delivered 9016 episodes of care including 576 surgical episodes at its nearby Independent Hospital. […] CONCLUSION: Working cooperatively with the independent sector can deliver significant additional capacity for the NHS.
33178989 The Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has been the greatest challenge faced by the National Health Service (NHS) in its lifetime.
33188343 Dental practices were instructed to manage patients remotely with advice, analgesics and antibiotics, where appropriate.Aim To describe the impact of the policy to restrict dental access on antibiotic prescribing.Methods NHS Business Services Authority 2018-2020 data for England were analysed to describe national and regional trends in dental antibiotic use.Results Antibiotic prescribing in April to July 2020 was 25% higher than April to July 2019, with a peak in June 2020.
33197412 To mitigate the spread of COVID-19, a nationwide restriction for all visitors of residents of long-term care facilities including nursing homes (NHs) was established in the Netherlands. […] ECPs working in Dutch NHs. […] ECPs reported that the restrictive visitor policy deeply impacts NHs residents, their loved ones, and care professionals. […] We identified an overview of aspects to consider when drafting future visiting policies for NHs during the COVID-19 pandemic.
33199221 The SARS-CoV-2 cornovirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has significantly affected referrals of new suspected cancers from primary care to specialist services in the National Health Service (NHS) across the UK. […] Amongst the many factors causing delay, such as fear and uncertainty about COVID-19 transmission, reluctance to seek medical attention for cancer sypmtoms and avoiding additional pressure on NHS services, we anticipate a surge in urgent skin cancer referrals to our plastic surgery service as we enter a post-COVID recovery phase.
33199303 Thus, the NHS in England should focus on GP stress and wellbeing as they work towards the restoration and recovery of primary care while battling the second wave.
33200200 We conducted cross-sectional surveillance examining seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG amongst staff at University Hospitals of Leicester (UHL) NHS Trust.
33208288 Its spread resulted in a pandemic, with the United Kingdom entering a period of national lockdown on 23 March 2020 to reduce disease burden on the National Health Service (NHS).
33213560 This step-by-step guide will describe the set-up process based on the authors’ experience of two real-time National Health Service (NHS) examples: a single health board use (delivered in normal time), and an All-Wales National Video Consultation Service roll-out (delivered during an emergency pandemic as part of the COVID-19 response). […] This paper provides a simple visual step-by-step guide for using telepsychiatry via the remote use of video consultations in mental health services, and outlines the mandatory steps to achieving a safe, successful and sustainable use of video consultations in the NHS by ensuring that video consultations fit into existing and new NHS workflow systems and adhere to legal and ethical guidelines.
33215138 Surgery was performed at green sites (two local private hospitals) under the COVID-19 NHS contract.
33215141 The aim of this study is to report the 30 day COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality of patients assessed as SARS-CoV-2 negative who underwent emergency or urgent orthopaedic surgery in the NHS during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
33215151 The coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic forced an unprecedented period of challenge to the NHS in the UK where hip fractures in the elderly population are a major public health concern.
33215154 All orthopaedic trauma cases at the Wrightington Wigan and Leigh NHS Foundation Trust from ‘lockdown’ (23 March 2020) to date (15 June 2020) were collated and split into three groups.
33215170 Retrospective analysis of acute medical admissions to University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, showed that medical admissions decreased in April 2020 compared to April 2019.
33220155 Implementing a system with clear lines of communication and dissemination of information will improve our response to future pandemic events whilst maintaining a commercial awareness to better use the human and financial resources of an already financially restricted NHS.
33222008 Strategies adopted to enable this included proactively approaching the referrers to maintain lines of communications, incorporating modern technology to run clinics and MDTs, restructuring patient pathways/facilities, and initiating the delivery of NHS care within private sector hospitals.
33229291 The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has demanded responses for which the National Health System (NHS) was not prepared. […] To present SECA recommendations to ensure the quality and safety of patients in the recovery of the NHS following the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and the possibility of a resurgence.
33250510 Routinely collected NHS England Cancer Waiting Time data were analysed to compare activity for breast cancer in the first 6 months of 2020 compared to the same time period in 2019.
33250568 (CPAS)-a machine learning-based system for hospital resource planning that we have successfully deployed at individual hospitals and across regions in the UK in coordination with NHS Digital.
33256958 Residents of Dutch NHs with clinically suspected COVID-19 and who received RT-PCR test.
33261711 Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic the UK’s National Health Service (NHS) has been transformed to meet the acute healthcare needs of infected patients.
33262919 July 2020 to 16 August 2020 at the Princess Alexandra Hospital NHS Trust, England.
33271314 In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, NHS England prohibited people visiting acute hospital trusts. […] The majority of companions were from the physiotherapy team with a range of experience working in the NHS.
33271595 We conducted a cohort study in Hospital Episode Statistics for England 2003 onwards, and linked data from the NHS Personal Demographics Service.
33273048 The real-time continuous monitoring of vital parameters in patients affected by multiple chronic conditions and/or COVID-19 can lead to several benefits to the Italian National Healthcare System (IT-NHS). […] This research protocol aims to design an early-stage assessment of the multidimensional impact induced by UBICARE within the IT-NHS alongside technology validation in a hospital ward. […] Finally, the results of the previous stages will be discussed in a multidisciplinary-facilitated workshop with IT-NHS relevant stakeholders to reconcile stakeholders’ perspectives.
33275510 The Chair of the UK Vaccine Taskforce has stated that the exit strategy depends on a vaccine that is effective in reducing mortality, improving population health by reducing serious disease and protecting the NHS and social care system.
33275514 The COVID-19 pandemic will have long-term ramifications for many patients, including those who work in the NHS and have been victims of the disease.
33277234 National Health Service (NHS) field hospitals are part of a capacity building response built at great scale and speed to respond to the anticipated increased demand the NHS faces during this time. […] NHS Nightingale Hospital Birmingham (NHB) is modelled to treat mild to moderate (non-critical care) COVID-19 disease, to provide step-down capacity for patients in recovery, or for palliating patients in the dying phase of their disease in the Midlands. […] Opportunities and challenges presented for optimal medicines management (MM) during the development of the NHB are investigated, and a framework developed to support future NHS field hospitals of this model. […] A team, comprised of an associate medical director, trust chief pharmacist and senior pharmacists iteratively developed a framework to convert the large non-hospital setting into a functioning NHS field hospital with standardised MM processes adjusted appropriately to cope with operational constraints in the pandemic situation. […] MM processes are extensive and integral to NHS field hospitals. […] The presented framework of influencing factors may support future NHS field hospital development. […] It is pertinent to have a broad team working approach to any large-scale project such as outlined here, and suggest the identified factors be used as a core framework for development of any future MM processes in NHS field hospitals.
33281680 The COVID-19 pandemic has quickly become an unprecedented challenge for many countries at a global level, requiring a significant amount of financial resources to support the National Healthcare System (NHS). […] The present work aims to investigate the antecedents of citizens’ willingness to financially support the NHS in a situation of public emergency such as the one related to the COVID-19 outbreak. […] Moreover, it was found that trust in money management was the most important factor in predicting the intention to make a financial contribution to the NHS, either through a tax payment or through charitable giving.
33299071 The UK National Health Service (NHS) Track and Trace Service has plans for a nationwide app that notifies the need for self-isolation to those in contact with a person testing positive for COVID-19. […] The objective of this study was to measure the determinants of willingness to participate in an NHS app-based contact-tracing programme using a questionnaire within the Care Information Exchange (CIE)-the largest patient-facing electronic health record in the NHS. […] Among 47,708 registered NHS users of the CIE, 27% completed a questionnaire asking about willingness to participate in app-based contact tracing, understanding of government advice, mental and physical wellbeing and their healthcare utilisation-related or not to COVID-19.
33300567 We describe efforts to improve the completeness, quality and usage of ethnicity data within our regional health board, NHS Lothian. […] The Ethnicity Coding Task Force was established with the aim of increasing ethnicity recording within NHS Lothian secondary care services from 3 to 90% over 3 years.
33300941 The Italian National Health Service (NHS) entrusts many management competences to the Regions, with the result of a different management of the Covid-19 epidemic between the Regions and sometimes even among the Local Health Authorities (LHAs - in Italian: Aziende Sanitarie Locali). […] In Italy, the Department of Prevention (DP) plays a pivotal role in structuring the collaboration between territorial health services, hospitals and all the network of the NHS.
33305716 A second model, with reasonable fit (RMSEA=0.03/CFI=0.93/TLI=0.92), explaining 32% of variance, highlighted two higher-order explanatory factors: ‘excessive mistrust’ (r=0.51), including conspiracy beliefs, negative views of doctors, and need for chaos, and ‘positive healthcare experiences’ (r=-0.48), including supportive doctor interactions and good NHS care.
33307320 Twenty-three revision TKA scenarios were assigned priority (NHS England/Royal College of Surgeons scale) by the British Association for Surgery of the Knee (BASK) Revision Knee Working Group (n = 24).
33308925 Three pathways were created to allow patients to undergo urgent elective operations in NHS Tayside as soon as it was deemed safe to do so. […] We examined elective orthopaedic activity in NHS Tayside during and immediately after the Scottish lockdown.
33309261 In March 2020 NHS England issued guidelines recognizing the elective component of cancer surgeries may be ‘curtailed’, due to staffing and supply shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic. […] It examined surgical practice across the UK against current protocols for CR cancer surgeries, during the COVID-19 pandemic. 29 individual responses were received from 23 NHS Trusts across the UK. 23/29 (79%) surgeons ceased or experienced delays in their CR cancer surgeries during the pandemic, with 3/29 (10%) yet to reintroduce these services. 19/26 (73%) surgeons instructed their patients to self-isolate prior to surgery, of which 5/19 (26%) correctly enforced a duration of 14 days. 10/19 (53%) participants adhered to guidelines of performing a CT chest within 24 h of surgery. 10/26 (38%) participants believe their patients are experiencing longer hospital admissions in the COVID-19 setting.
33309701 To report the initial compliance with new infection control regulations and geographic disparities in nursing homes (NHs) in the United States. […] In total, 14,894 NHs in the continental United States comprising 26,201 inspections and 176,841 deficiencies. […] A total of 6164 NHs (41%) in the continental United States received 1 deficiency for F880, and 2300 NHs (15%) were cited more than once during the 2-year period. […] Geographic variation was evident for F880 deficiencies, ranging from 20% of NHs in North Carolina to 79% of NHs in West Virginia. […] Between 0% (Vermont) and 33% (Michigan) of states’ NHs were cited multiple times over 2 years. […] Infection Prevention and Control deficiencies were of similar severity but of greater scope in NHs that were cited multiple times. […] As the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic challenges hospitals with an increased surge of patients from the community, NHs will be asked to accept convalescing patients who were previously infected with the virus. […] NHs will need to rely on infection control practices to mitigate the effects of the virus in their facilities. […] Particular attention to NHs that have fared poorly with repeat infection control practices deficiencies might be a good first step to improving care overall and preventing downstream morbidity and mortality among the highest-risk patients.
33309938 We present perceptions of NHS healthcare workers in relation to SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing. […] Electronic survey regarding perceptions towards SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing which was distributed to all healthcare workers at a major NHS tertiary hospital following implementation of antibody testing. […] NHS staff members primarily seek out SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing for an appropriate reason. […] This needs to be further explored and addressed to protect NHS staff and patients.
33315728 The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of the first wave of COVID-19 on National Health Service (NHS) 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) scanning activity across England. […] Monthly FDG PET-CT scanning activity was collected from 41/48 NHS England provider sites. […] There is no correlation between FDG PET-CT activity (fall and recovery) in England and the ability to provide the service by NHS England. […] It most likely reflects a combination of changes in health-seeking behaviour, NHS health policy and a decrease in the use of investigations that carry a high risk of COVID-19 transmission.
33316211 Working on behalf of NHS England, we used the OpenSAFELY platform to analyse routinely collected electronic primary care data linked to national death registrations.
33324258 We conducted a controlled interrupted time series study using data from Cambridgeshire and Peterborough NHS Foundation Trust (CPFT), UK (catchment population ~0.86 million).
33328264 To gain insight into the experiences and concerns of front-line National Health Service (NHS) workers while caring for patients with COVID-19. […] Qualitative analysis of data collected through an anonymous website (www.covidconfidential) provided a repository of uncensored COVID-19 experiences of front-line NHS workers, accessed via a link advertised on the Twitter feed of two high profile medical tweeters and their retweets. […] Community of NHS workers who accessed this social media. 54 healthcare workers, including doctors, nurses and physiotherapists, accessed the website and left a ‘story’.
33330324 The research is limited to the Italian NHS. […] The aim is to provide a snapshot of the COVID-19 impact on the NHS and collect useful elements to improve Italian response models.
33330794 Every effort has been made in the UK to stop the National Health Service (NHS) from being overwhelmed, leading to the national slogan: "Stay at home. […] Protect the NHS. […] In this article, a consultant general and colorectal surgeon in Southampton reports on the NHS response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
33330832 The COVID-19 pandemic has driven the use of digital communications to unprecedented levels across society whilst the NHS struggles with non-compatible IT systems that are often outdated and inhibit effective communication. […] NHS radiology home reporting was not widely in place at the outbreak of the pandemic. […] Despite NHS policy ambitions to address radiologist under capacity with increased networking and collaboration between providers the IT infrastructure has proven inadequate.
33339426 The CFR in all three tested NHs, age range 75-84, compared to the CFR in all NHs in the Czech Republic, was significantly reduced (7.5% vs. 
33350663 Medical students across the United Kingdom helped the National Health Service (NHS) with the increased workload caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. […] This study was conducted to better understand the implications of COVID-19 on the intricate relationship between the psychological wellbeing of students and working within the NHS. […] 25.2% of participants worked within the NHS.
33354960 In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic, which generated concerns that the NHS could be overwhelmed. […] Staffing during an emergency, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, presents significant challenges, but the experience at NHS Borders shows that it is possible to develop a training course rapidly and provide additional band 2 staff to supplement the support workforce in a time of crisis.
33356937 The government has announced additional funding to increase capacity and responsiveness for these services through the Ageing Well programme as part of the NHS Long Term Plan.
33357518 We fit an age-structured mathematical model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission to data on hospital admissions and hospital bed occupancy (ISARIC4C/COVID-19 Clinical Information Network, National Health Service [NHS] England), seroprevalence (Office for National Statistics, UK Biobank, REACT-2 study), virology (REACT-1 study), and deaths (Public Health England) across the seven NHS England regions from March 1, to Oct 13, 2020.
33361437 The COVID-19 pandemic necessitated unprecedented change within the NHS. […] The T&O cadre played important roles within their NHS trusts and the skills they learnt will broaden their skills and knowledge for future deployments.
33367759 As part of this response, a directive was issued by NHS England to offer testing of asymptomatic healthcare workers (HCWs) at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust (UHL) for SARS-CoV-2 infection.
33368636 Residents in facilities such as nursing homes (NHs) are particularly vulnerable to Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). […] All Italian nursing homes either public or providing services both privately and within the NHS were included in the study.
33368737 All patients enrolled on a face-to-face group WMP, which constitutes part of a Tier 3 WMP delivered by the NHS, at the time of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown were invited to transfer to a virtual format of the group WMP.
33369779 We will discuss the benefits this system offers at a patient, clinician, departmental, and NHS service level.
33370323 To explore parents’ and guardians’ views and experiences of accessing National Health Service (NHS) general practices for routine childhood vaccinations during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in England.
33372041 At Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, our PTB prevention clinic manages the care of approximately 1000 women/year.
33376107 These commitments are to articulate the needs, rights and interests of the different stakeholders affected by any policy; to be accountable and transparent, recognising that people are autonomous individuals with values and concerns of their own; to consider the impact of our actions on the sustainability of the NHS, infrastructure, service demands and staff welfare; and to treat everybody equitably, with all deserving of consideration and care.
33377847 In April 2020, a remodelled system was implemented in which walk-in attendance ceased and was replaced with telephone triage coupled with digital imaging via NHS email for remote clinical review.
33382796 We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of routinely collected de-identified data of adults with nasal/throat SARs-CoV-2 swab-positive results, at the Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust between 10th March-19th April 2020 (outcomes determined on 22nd May).
33389688 Key hospital dental workers were required to work, and Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust became a designated Urgent Dental Care Centre (UDC) for the greater London area.
33400675 An NHS hospital repurposed a telephone-based respiratory virtual ward for COVID-19.
33407804 Adults with ongoing COVID-19 sequelae more than three months after hospital discharge Inclusion criteria: 1) Adults ≥18 years; 2) ≥ 3 months after any hospital discharge related to COVID-19 infection, regardless of need for critical care or ventilatory support; 3) substantial (as defined by the participant) COVID-19 related physical and/or mental health problems; 4) access to, and able/supported to use email and internet audio/video; 4) able to provide informed consent; 5) able to understand spoken and written English, Bengali, Gujarati, Urdu, Punjabi or Mandarin, themselves or supported by family/friends. 1) exercise contraindicated; 2) severe mental health problems preventing engagement; 3) previous randomisation in the present study; 4) already engaged in, or planning to engage in an alternative NHS rehabilitation programme in the next 12 weeks; 5) a member of the same household previously randomised in the present study.
33413562 Fifty-eight patients attending the Rheumatology Podiatry Department at Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust were contacted by telephone approximately 6-8 weeks following initial intervention.
33417840 A geriatric hospital-based team acted as a consultant and coordinated the care of older people living in NHs from the hospital. […] A total of 630 patients aged 70 and older with Coronavirus Disease 2019 COVID-19 living in 55 NHs. […] Mortality of the residents living in NHs with COVID-19 was almost 45%.
33420842 Multicentre multidisciplinary retrospective observational cohort study including 201 patients with COVID-19 pneumonitis admitted to an ICU in one of five NHS Trusts within the South London Adult Critical Care Network who required mechanical ventilation and subsequent tracheostomy.
33423685 A retrospective analysis of patients presenting with femoral neck fractures at three separate West London NHS Trusts was undertaken between March 11, 2020, to April 30, 2020.
33426178 We conducted two serial point-prevalence surveys, including standardized symptom assessment and nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal testing for SARS-CoV-2, among 297 residents and 542 healthcare workers of three Dutch nursing homes (NHs) with recent SARS-CoV-2 introduction. […] Taken together, our study complements the discussion on effective SARS-CoV-2 screening in NHs.
33436136 The Covid-19 crisis necessitated rapid adoption of remote consultations across National Health Service (NHS) child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). […] This study aimed to understand practitioners’ experiences of rapid implementation of remote consultations across CAMHS in one NHS trust in the east of England.
33437871 The aim of this study was to review the work of an ECLO over a period of 1 year at an NHS Trust to determine the volume of work and the areas of support provided by the ECLO. […] A secondary data analysis of the ECLO case notes for all patients reviewed by the ECLO at University Hospitals Birmingham (UHB) NHS Trust during the year 2019, was performed. […] The ECLO at UHB NHS Trust provides a core patient service within the ophthalmology department by being a key source of practical and emotional support and the crucial link between healthcare, social care and voluntary services.
33441366 Results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed journals in medical informatics and expert round-table events, lay member meetings and the ePrescribing Toolkit (http://www.eprescribingtoolkit.com/)-an online resource supporting National Health Service (NHS) hospitals through the ePrescribing process.
33444539 We used internal-external cross-validation to evaluate discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility across eight National Health Service (NHS) regions in the development cohort. […] We further validated the final model in held-out data from an additional NHS region (London). 74 944 participants (recruited between Feb 6 and Aug 26, 2020) were included, of whom 31 924 (43·2%) of 73 948 with available outcomes met the composite clinical deterioration outcome. […] In internal-external cross-validation in the development cohort of 66 705 participants, the selected model (comprising 11 predictors routinely measured at the point of hospital admission) showed consistent discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility across all eight NHS regions.
33453763 Data were extracted from four population-based datasets spanning NHS England (the National Cancer Cancer Waiting Time Monitoring, Monthly Diagnostic, Secondary Uses Service Admitted Patient Care and the National Radiotherapy datasets) for all referrals, colonoscopies, surgical procedures, and courses of rectal radiotherapy from Jan 1, 2019, to Oct 31, 2020, related to colorectal cancer in England. […] As pressure grows in the NHS due to the second wave of COVID-19, urgent action is needed to address the growing burden of undetected and untreated colorectal cancer in England. […] Cancer Research UK, the Medical Research Council, Public Health England, Health Data Research UK, NHS Digital, and the National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre.
33469298 The 12 mobile applications that met the inclusion criterion were: Mawid, Tabaud, Tawakkalna, Sehha, Aarogya setu, TraceTogether, COVID safe, Immuni, COVID symptom study, COVID watch, NHS COVID-19, and PathCheck.
33472631 Training cohorts comprised 1276 patients admitted to King’s College Hospital National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust with COVID-19 disease from 1 March to 30 April 2020. […] External validation cohorts included 6237 patients from five UK NHS Trusts (Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospitals, University Hospitals Southampton, University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust, University College London Hospitals, University Hospitals Birmingham), one hospital in Norway (Oslo University Hospital), and two hospitals in Wuhan, China (Wuhan Sixth Hospital and Taikang Tongji Hospital).
33479084 Ultimately, commissioning groups, clinicians and managers need to work together, evaluate the changes required and enact thorough business plans to ensure the NHS is not overwhelmed. […] Together with increasing the awareness of organ donation within the public, the government needs to support the NHS to fund, train and manage transplant centres to welcome this much-awaited ‘opt-out’ organ donation law in England successfully.
33481870 Performing a fit check via NHS self-assessment guidelines was an unreliable way of determining fit.
33483446 This prospective observational study of patients tested or treated for SARS-CoV-2, who are under the care of the tertiary University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust (UHSFT), captured data from admission to discharge; data collection commenced on 7 March 2020.
33484783 We evaluate the effectiveness of a guideline implemented at Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust that recommends withholding antibiotics in patients with a low serum procalcitonin (PCT), defined as ≤0.25ng/ml.
33493433 In this population-based study, data relating to all radiotherapy delivered for cancer in the English NHS, between Feb 4, 2019, and June 28, 2020, were extracted from the National Radiotherapy Dataset. […] Radiotherapy activity fell significantly, but use of hypofractionated regimens rapidly increased in the English NHS during the first peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
33497656 The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has further complicated pain management due to its negative consequences on well-being of residents of NHs.
33500288 Two thresholds for ‘safe occupancy’ were used: 85% as per the Royal College of Emergency Medicine and 92% as per NHS Improvement.
33504269 Due to the pandemic of COVID-19 a number of National Health Service (NHS) Trusts in the UK adopted telephone consultations for patients who were shielding.
33515380 We collected data retrospectively from the electronic medical records of all patients receiving a diagnosis of COVID-19 between 11th March and 10th May 2020 undergoing maintenance haemodialysis at four satellite dialysis units from the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
33516670 They have garnered great interest regarding their potential benefit to limit Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections due to fewer people living, working, visiting, and being admitted to Green House/small NHs, and private rooms and bathrooms, but this assumption has not been tested. […] If they prove advantageous compared with other NHs, they may constitute an especially promising model as policy makers and providers reinvent NHs post-COVID. […] This cohort study compared rates of COVID-19 infections, COVID-19 admissions/readmissions, and COVID-19 mortality, among Green House/small NHs with rates in other NHs between January 20, 2020 and July 31, 2020. […] All Green House homes that held a skilled nursing license and received Medicaid or Medicare payment were invited to participate; other small NHs that replicate Green House physical design and operational practices were eligible if they had the same licensure and payer sources. […] Of 57 organizations, 43 (75%) provided complete data, which included 219 NHs. […] Comparison NHs (referred to as “traditional NHs”) were up to 5 most geographically proximate NHs within 100 miles that had <50 beds and ≥50 beds for which data were available from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). […] A log-rank test compared rates between Green House/small NHs and traditional NHs with <50 beds and ≥50 beds. […] Rates of all outcomes were significantly lower in Green House/small NHs than in traditional NHs that had <50 beds and ≥50 beds (log-rank test P < .025 for all comparisons). […] The median (middle value) rates of COVID-19 cases per 1000 resident days were 0 in both Green House/small NHs and NHs <50 beds, while they were 0.06 in NHs ≥50 beds; in terms of COVID-19 mortality, the median rates per 100 positive residents were 0 (Green House/small NHs), 10 (<50 beds), and 12.5 (≥50 beds). […] Differences were most marked in the highest quartile: 25% of Green House/small NHs had COVID-19 case rates per 1000 resident days higher than 0.08, with the corresponding figures for other NHs being 0.15 (<50 beds) and 0.74 (≥50 beds). […] COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates are less in Green House/small NHs than rates in traditional NHs with <50 and ≥50 beds, especially among the higher and extreme values. […] Green House/small NHs are a promising model of care as NHs are reinvented post-COVID.
33517925 During the pandemic, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust received high numbers of coronavirus disease 2019 admissions.
33521138 A University Hospitals Trust offered clinical phase students the opportunity to support the National Health Service (NHS) in newly defined roles as Doctors’ Assistants (DAs). […] This study evaluates the experience of students working in a single NHS Trust.
33524057 Experiments conducted for NHS England regions using actual data confirm that the challenge of securing PPE supply during disasters such as COVID-19 can be eased if proper stock management procedures are adopted.
33525225 The impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the National Health System (NHS) required a reorganization of the various levels of care, which also involved the rehabilitation reality.
33526866 Here, we report real-time national SACT delivery data from NHS Scotland.
33527097 We retrospectively inspected data of 10 patients on clozapine, admitted to Highgate Mental Health Centre, Camden & Islington NHS Foundation Trust, between March and July 2020; selection was based on their COVID-19 positive PCR test.
33529405 In common with other centres, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (London) offered modified telephone consultations to new and follow-up patients in the low vision clinic.
33529610 An inner city NHS Hospital Trust in London, UK.
33539527 Monthly practise-level prescribing data published by NHS Digital were analysed.
33541909 21% of NHS staff are from black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) backgrounds yet account for a disproportionately high number of medical-staff deaths from COVID-19.
33541910 Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust introduced a ‘traffic light’ clinical judgement aid to the COVID-19 admissions unit in mid-March 2020.
33542062 A prospective cohort study of 663 women choosing medical abortion at home via the NHS Lothian telemedicine abortion service between 1 April and 9 July 2020.
33551341 The NHS questionnaire for neurological symptoms was completed and electrochemical skin conductance was measured using Sudoscan.
33558141 This paper describes the entire novel innovative process of design optimisation, production and deployment of face-visors to NHS frontline workers during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.
33558142 The impact on the provision of care within the NHS due to COVID-19 can not be understated.
33558359 The study is a secondary analysis of routine, public domain, surveillance data and information from Office for National Statistics (ONS), National Health Service (NHS) 111 and Public Health England (PHE) on deaths and disease. […] We also consider information provided in NHS 111 and PHE data summaries.
33558710 Early diagnosis of cancer, followed by timely and appropriate therapy, are the cornerstones of the secondary prevention of cancer, thus the NHS has set a 2028 target to achieve 75% early stage (TNM I/II) at cancer diagnosis.
33560545 CTPAs from outpatients presenting with chest pain to Leeds Teaching Hospital NHS Trust 1st March to 31st May 2020 (n=146) and 2019 (n=85) were compared.
33563629 Two hospitals within an acute NHS Trust in London, UK.
33573397 The primary aim is to estimate the current and potential number of patients on NHS England orthopaedic elective waiting lists by November 2020. […] A model of referral, waiting list, and eventual surgery was created and calibrated using historical data from NHS England (April 2017 to March 2020) and was used to investigate the possible consequences of unmet demand resulting from fewer patients entering the treatment pathway and recovery strategies. […] NJR data were used to estimate the deficit of hip and knee arthroplasty by August 2020 and NHS tariff costs were used to calculate the financial burden.
33585104 The primary information sources used by our participants were BBC News, group messaging such as WhatsApp, and NHS England.
33588354 DBS are used by NHS for diagnosing Hepatitis C and by Public Health England for large scale HIV and Hepatitis C serosurveillance; the applicability of DBS based approaches for SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection is uncertain.
33594800 Thirdly, to assess the availability and uptake of occupational health services METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study performed using a survey distributed across NHS trusts from April to May 2020.