DrugBank ID: db00171
DrugCentral: atp
Synonymous :adenosine 5’-triphosphate | adenosine triphosphate | adenosine-5’-triphosphate | atp

Drug Sentece Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of atp gene in 45 abstracts.

pmid sentence
32094225 The triphosphate form of the inhibitor (RDV-TP) competes with its natural counterpart ATP. […] Of note, the selectivity value for RDV-TP obtained here with a steady-state approach suggests that it is more efficiently incorporated than ATP and two other nucleotide analogs.
32284326 A unique property of RDV-TP is its high selectivity over incorporation of its natural nucleotide counterpart ATP.
32314850 PDC drives mitochondrial conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), thereby increasing the tricarboxylic acid cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, and ATP production.
32388390 In this article, we provide a novel hypothesis to describe how an increase in cellular adenosine triphosphate (c-ATP) can potentially improve the efficiency of innate and adaptive immune systems to either prevent or fight off COVID-19.
32461321 PEDV nsp14 can efficiently methylate RNA substrates with various lengths in both neutral and alkaline pH environment, and can methylate cap analogs (GpppA and GpppG) and single nucleotide GTP but not ATP, CTP, or UTP.
32519892 PANX1 channels passively flux ATP (predominantly), multiple metabolites, and likely other small anions.
32521159 We then built a putative preinsertion binding structure by aligning the remdesivir + RdRp complex to the ATP bound poliovirus RdRp without the RNA template. […] The relative binding free energy between remdesivir and ATP was calculated to be -2.80 ± 0.84 kcal/mol, where remdesivir bound much stronger to SARS-CoV-2 RdRp than the natural substrate ATP. […] The ∼100-fold improvement in the Kd from remdesivir over ATP indicates an effective replacement of ATP in blocking of the RdRp preinsertion site.
32579049 This characteristic can represent an important differential to change this process in the event of an imbalance in this system, through the photobiomodulation to increase the production of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) using red and near-infrared radiation (R-NIR) and vitamin D using ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation. […] The light is also absorbed by cytochrome c oxidase in the R-NIR region, with a consequent increase in electron transport, regulating enzyme activity and resulting in a significant increase of oxygen rate consumption by mitochondria, increasing ATP production. Conclusions: The most favorable range of optical radiation to operate in this system is between R-NIR region, in which cytochrome c oxidase and porphyrin present absorption peaks centered at 640 nm and HbO2 with absorption peak centered at 900 nm.
32590324 Upon infection or cell damage, high amounts of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) are released from damaged cells, which serve as mediators of inflammation through purinergic cell surface receptor signaling. […] As a protective mechanism to prevent excessive damage to host tissue, adenosine counteracts ATP’s effects by adenosine receptor stimulation to suppress the pro-inflammatory response.
32641037 CQ reductions in maximal respiration and ATP production were reduced in caspase-1/11KO mice.
32707842 The ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73 regulate immune responses by balancing extracellular ATP and adenosine in inflammation and are likely to be involved in the pathophysiology of COVID-19.
32717399 During neuroinfections, host cells release ATP as an extracellular danger signal with pro-inflammatory activities. […] ATP is metabolized to its derivatives by ectonucleotidases such as CD39 and CD73; ATP and its metabolites modulate neuronal and immune mechanisms through P1 and P2 purinergic receptors that are involved in pathophysiological mechanisms of neuroinfections.
32758507 Data comes from the Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), a probability-based online survey panel representative of the US adult population.
32767925 •OH may have a physiological role because it triggers a free radical chain reaction and may be involved in the regulation of Ca2+ - or mitochondrial ATP-dependent K+ - channeling.
32792942 However, RDV-induced blockage of IK(DR) failed to be overcome by further addition of either α,β-methylene ATP or cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine.
32797724 The most investigated is the NLRP3 inflammasome, which can be activated by various stimuli, such as the recognition of extracellular ATP by the P2X7 receptor.
32821086 The nucleoside analog inhibits the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) by competing with the usual counterpart adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
32840387 Also, the activity of succinate dehydrogenase (complex II), levels of ATP, the level of glutathione (GSH), and thiol were markedly diminished in the MA-induced OA group compared to the normal control rats.
32921216 Abbreviations: ICU: An intensive care unit; 2019-nCoV: 2019 novel coronavirus; ACEI: ACE inhibitor; ACS: Acute coronary syndrome; ARDS: Acute respiratory distress syndrome; AT1R: Ang II type 1 receptor; ATP: Adenosine triphosphate; ACC: American College of Cardiology; ACE: Angiotensin converting enzyme; Ang II: Angiotensin II; ARB: Angiotensin II receptor blocker; AV block: Atrioventricular block; CAD: Coronary artery disease; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; CT: Computerized tomography; CHF: Congestive heart failure; CHD: Coronary heart disease; CK-MB: Creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB; CRP: C-reactive protein; cTnI: Cardiac troponin I; EAT: Epicardial adipose tissue; ECMO: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; FDA: Food and Drug Administration; G-CSF: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor; HFrEF: HF with a reduced ejection fraction; synhACE2: Human isoform of ACE2; IL: Interleukin; IABP: Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation; IP10: Interferon γ-induced protein 10 kDa; LPC: Lysophosphatidylcholine; Mas: Mitochondrial assembly receptor; MCP1: Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1; MERS: Middle East respiratory syndrome; MIP1a: macrophage inflammatory protein 1a: MOF: Multiple organ failure; MI: Myocardial infarction; MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging; MYO: Myohe-moglobin; NT-proBNP: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide; PCPS: Percutaneous cardiopulmonary assistance; rhACE2: Recombinant human ACE2; SARS: Severe acute respiratory syndrome; Th: T helper; RAS: Renin-angiotensin system; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-α; WHO: World Health Organization.
32980406 The most potent drugs were found to interact with the key and neighbor residues of the active site responsible from ATP hydrolysis.
33017914 ALA activates ATP dependent K+ channels (Na+, K+-ATPase).
33052685 Using homology modeling that couples published electron-density with molecular dynamics (MD)-based structural refinements, we generated structural models of the SARS-CoV-2 helicase in its apo- and ATP/RNA-bound conformations. […] We performed virtual screening of ∼970 000 chemical compounds against the ATP-binding site to identify potential inhibitors. […] Herein, we report docking hits of approved human drugs targeting the ATP-binding site.
33063092 PARP 1 activation leads to cell death mainly by depletion of NAD+ and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), especially when availability of these energy mediators is compromised. […] It conserves NAD+ and prevents ATP depletion by PARP 1 and Sirtuin 1 (silent mating type information regulation 2 homologue 1) inhibition, enhances NAD+ synthesis, and hence that of NADP+ which is a stronger PARP inhibitor, reverses lung injury caused by ischaemia/reperfusion, inhibits proinflammatory cytokines and is effective against HIV infection.
33068416 The binding proteins are involved in viral RNA processing, include double-stranded RNA specific editases and ATP-dependent RNA-helicases and have strong propensity to form stress granules and phase-separated assemblies.
33109027 It has the ability to terminate RNA replication by inhibiting ATP. […] It is reported that ATP is involved in synthesis of coronavirus non-structural proteins from 3CLpro and PLpro.
33125064 It must be synthesized de novo from CTP and ATP.
33142020 The ATP required by intracellular organelles is amply available in the cytosol, largely generated by mitochondria. […] These organelles consume massive amounts of ATP to carry out high energy-demanding functions, such as sensory transduction or motility. […] ATP from the nearest mitochondria or other reactions within the cell body is severely limited by diffusion and generally insufficient to fuel the entire length of cilia and flagella. […] These organelles overcome this fuel restriction by local generation of ATP, using mechanisms that vary depending on the nutrients that are available in their particular external environment.
33164048 Cell viability was evaluated with an ATP-based method using a 48 h PPMO treatment time.
33164536 Coenzyme Q10 is an integral component of mitochondrial respiratory chain and the key component of mitochondrial ATP production.
33221625 A bioenergetics view of COVID-19 immunopathology opens a new biophysical opportunity to enhance impaired immune function via proposed pathways of photomagnetic catalysis of ATP synthesis, regenerative photobiomodulation and the ultrasonic acceleration of cell restructuring.
33249452 It suggests that cortisol-associated activation of the Mineralocorticoid Receptor (MR) in epithelial and endothelial cells infected with the virus stimulates the release of ATP which then acts back on purinergic receptors.
33299899 In particular, we focus on the interaction of the extracellular nucleotide adenosine triphosphate (ATP) with its receptors P2X1, P2X4, P2X7, P2Y1, and P2Y2 and of adenosine (Ado) with A2A and A3 receptors, as well as their roles in host immune responses.
33327522 This morphogenetic effect of polyP was associated with a rise in extracellular ATP level.
33328588 Elevated levels of extracellular ATP induced by SARS-CoV-2 infection may trigger hyperactivation of P2X7 receptors leading to NLRP3 inflammasome stimulation as a key mediator of neuroinvasion and consequent neuroinflammatory processes, as observed in psychiatric disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.
33361779 concentration of ciprofloxacin and a 65 mM concentration of DEA-NONOate achieved 99.9% inhibition of E. coli, verified using both optical density measurement of bacterial cultures in 96 well plates and a luminescent ATP activity assay.
33379366 concentration, (vii) reduction of ATP production, (viii) decreased level of p53/phospho-p53, (ix) delayed senescence, (x) VEGF increase, (xi) EMT and consequent (xii) enhanced migration, and (xiii) ability to grow independently of the substrate.
33389440 The high specificity of aptamers with small-molecule targets (metal ions, dyes and theophylline; ATP) is within 1 pM and 1 μM range, whereas with the proteins (thrombin, CD4 and antibodies) it is in the nanomolar range (which is equivalent to monoclonal antibodies).
33462776 In this perspective, given the role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in neural intercommunication, the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) acts on microglia cells and its inhibition may be able to reduce the inflammatory condition of neurodegenerative diseases.
33473155 In critical COVID-19, monocytes contribute to an ATP-purinergic signaling-inflammasome footprint that could enable COVID-19 associated fibrosis and worsen disease-severity.
33475021 Since the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2-RdRp with its substrate is not available, poliovirus-RdRp crystal structure co-crystallized with its substrate ATP (PDB ID: 2ILY) was used as a reference structure. […] The amino acid residues involved in the binding of ATP in the case of poliovirus-RdRp and residues involved in binding with the antimalarial compounds with SARS-CoV-2-RdRp were compared.
33477032 Interestingly, viruses have no ability to generate ATP but host cells have very high ATP concentrations of 2-12 mM. […] A key question thus arises whether ATP modulates liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) of the N protein. […] Here we discovered that ATP not only biphasically modulates LLPS of the viral N protein as we previously found on human FUS and TDP-43, but also dissolves the droplets induced by oligonucleic acid. […] Residue-specific NMR characterization showed ATP specifically binds the RNA-binding domain (RBD) of the N protein with the average Kd of 3.3 ± 0.4 mM. […] The ATP-RBD complex structure was constructed by NMR-derived constraints, in which ATP occupies a pocket within the positive-charged surface utilized for binding nucleic acids. […] Our study suggests that ATP appears to be exploited by SARS-CoV-2 to promote its life cycle by facilitating the uncoating, localizing and packing of its genomic RNA. […] Therefore the interactions of ATP with the viral RNA and N protein might represent promising targets for design of drugs and vaccines to terminate the pandemic.
33495740 PS is present in all plasma membranes but is “hidden” on the inner surface by the action of an ATP-requiring enzyme.
33506983 Rapid adenosine triphosphate (ATP) test was used to determine contamination level using relative light units (RLU) of greater than 200 as a cutoff value. […] As measured by the ATP test, performing diagnostic EGD does not lead to contamination on the face shield of the endoscopist.
33513822 A possible mechanism of the effects of the two drugs together with polyP on mucin expression is proposed based on the scavenging of free oxygen species and the generation of ADP/ATP from the polyP, which is needed for the organization of the protective mucin-based mucus layer.
33533405 In addition, new studies indicate the protective RAS arm possesses extraordinary ability to enhance brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity and induces browning of white adipose tissue, and consequently, it leads to increased energy expenditure in the form of heat instead of ATP synthesis.