DrugBank ID: db15073
DrugCentral: ribose
Synonymous :aldehydo-d-ribose | d-ribo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydroxyvaleraldehyde | d-ribose | ribose

Drug Sentece Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of ribose gene in 14 abstracts.

pmid sentence
32266873 Two druggable targets, namely 3C-like proteinase (3CLpro) and 2’-O-ribose methyltransferase (2’-O-MTase) were selected in this study due to their indispensable nature in the viral life cycle. […] 3CLpro is a cysteine protease responsible for the proteolysis of replicase polyproteins resulting in the formation of various functional proteins, whereas 2’-O-MTase methylates the ribose 2’-O position of the first and second nucleotide of viral mRNA, which sequesters it from the host immune system.
32283108 Interestingly, GS-441524 addresses both enzyme active sites in a manner consistent with significant incorporation, delayed chain termination, and altered excision due to the ribose 1’-CN group, which may account for the increased antiviral effect compared to other available analogues.
32397643 The nsp16 catalytic subunit of the 2’-O-MTase is unusual in its requirement for a stimulatory subunit (nsp10) to catalyze the ribose 2’-O-methylation of the viral RNA cap.
32408699 A molecular docking analysis was carried out using 171 essential oil components with SARS-CoV-2 main protease (SARS-CoV-2 Mpro), SARS-CoV-2 endoribonucleoase (SARS-CoV-2 Nsp15/NendoU), SARS-CoV-2 ADP-ribose-1″-phosphatase (SARS-CoV-2 ADRP), SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (SARS-CoV-2 RdRp), the binding domain of the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (SARS-CoV-2 rS), and human angiotensin-converting enzyme (hACE2).
32461321 For coronaviruses, RNA cap structure is first methylated at guanine N-7 (G-N-7) position by nonstructural protein 14 (nsp14), which facilitates and precedes the subsequent ribose 2’-O methylation by nsp16-nsp10 complex.
32578982 Although 26% of the amino acids in this SARS-CoV-2 macrodomain differ from those observed in other coronaviruses, biochemical and structural data reveal that the protein retains the ability to bind ADP-ribose, which is an important characteristic of beta coronaviruses and a potential therapeutic target.
32640172 Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), the major isoform of a family of ADP-ribosylating enzymes, has been implicated in the regulation of various biological processes including DNA repair, gene transcription and cell death.
32686993 Among the predicted drugs compounds, clemizole, monorden, spironolactone and tanespimycin showed high binding energies; among the studied repurposing compounds, remdesivir, simeprevir and valinomycin showed high binding energies; among the predicted acidic compounds, acetylursolic acid and hardwickiic acid gave high binding energies; while among the studied anthraquinones and glycosides compounds, ellagitannin and friedelanone showed high binding energies against 3-Chymotrypsin-like protease (3CLpro), Papain-like protease (PLpro), helicase (nsp13), RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (nsp12), 2’-O-ribose methyltransferase (nsp16) of SARS-CoV-2 and DNA-PK and CK2alpha in human.
32709886 The nsp16/nsp10 heterodimer is captured in the act of 2’-O methylation of the ribose sugar of the first nucleotide of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA.
32741322 NSP16 is a methyltransferase that methylates the ribose 2’-O position of the viral nucleotide.
32790379 In this article, we predict the folding initiation events of the ribose phosphatase domain of protein Nsp3 and the receptor binding domain of the spike protein from the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus-2.
32803496 They most likely remove ADP-ribose, a common posttranslational modification, from protein side chains. […] This de-ADP ribosylating function has potentially evolved to protect the virus from the anti-viral ADP-ribosylation catalyzed by poly-ADP-ribose polymerases (PARPs), which in turn are triggered by pathogen-associated sensing of the host immune system. […] We here report the near-complete NMR backbone resonance assignment (1H, 13C, 15N) of the putative Nsp3b MD in its apo form and in complex with ADP-ribose.
32835090 In this paper, we aim to find out the small molecule inhibitors for ADP-ribose phosphatase of SARS-CoV-2.
32835632 In silico virtual screening, docking, ADME, MM-GBSA and MD simulation analysis of coumarin derivatives against Methyltransferase (MTase), Endoribonuclease(endoU), ADP ribose Phosphatase and Main Protease enzyme of SARS CoV-2. […] Top five compounds of coumarin derivatives s docked at the active site of Methyltransferase (MTase), Endoribonuclease(endoU), ADP ribose Phosphatase and protease and top five compounds of each have docking score from -9.00 to -7.97, -8.42 to -6.80, -8.63 to -7.48 and -7.30 to -6.01 kcal/mol, respectively, of SARS CoV-2.
32853469 Plus, NAD acts as a signalling molecule, being a cosubstrate for several enzymes such as sirtuins, poly-ADP-ribose-polymerases (PARPs) and some ectoenzymes like CD38, regulating critical biological processes like gene expression, DNA repair, calcium signalling and circadian rhythms.
32920092 As patients progress, we observe statistically significant dysregulation of IFN-γ, IL-1RA, IL-6, IL-10, IL-19, monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL5, ENRAGE, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1.
32939273 One of its units is the ADP-ribose phosphatase domain (ADRP; also known as the macrodomain, MacroD), which is believed to interfere with the host immune response. […] Such a function appears to be linked to the ability of the protein to remove ADP-ribose from ADP-ribosylated proteins and RNA, yet the precise role and molecular targets of the enzyme remain unknown. […] Here, five high-resolution (1.07-2.01 Å) crystal structures corresponding to the apo form of the protein and its complexes with 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES), AMP and ADP-ribose have been determined.
32946224 Herein, we report that the SARS-CoV-2 macro domain was examined as a poly-ADP-ribose (ADPR) binding module and possessed mono-ADPR cleavage enzyme activity. […] This study provides structural, biophysical, and biochemical bases to further evaluate the role of the SARS-CoV-2 macro domain in the host response via ADP-ribose binding but also as a potential target for drug design against COVID-19.
32964551 In this study, one hundred (100) A. melegueta secondary metabolites have been mined and computational evaluated for inhibition of host furin, and SARS-COV-2 targets including 3C-like proteinase (Mpro /3CLpro), 2’-O-ribose methyltransferase (nsp16) and surface glycoprotein/ACE2 receptor interface.
32981460 Small molecules that bind the SARS-CoV-2 nonstructural protein 3 Mac1 domain in place of ADP-ribose could be useful as molecular probes or scaffolds for COVID-19 antiviral drug discovery because Mac1 has been linked to the ability of coronaviruses to evade cellular detection.
33063092 The immunity modulators, the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and the nuclear NAD+-consuming enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP 1) may play a critical role in COVID-19 pathophysiology.
33155515 depletion by poly-(ADP)-ribose polymerase hyperactivation.
33158944 All coronaviruses encode a highly conserved macrodomain (Mac1) that binds to and removes ADP-ribose adducts from proteins in a dynamic posttranslational process that is increasingly being recognized as an important factor that regulates viral infection. […] Here, we report the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2 Mac1 in complex with ADP-ribose and describe its ADP-ribose binding and hydrolysis activities in direct comparison to those of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV Mac1 proteins.
33185784 The crystal structures of ADP-Ribose or AMP and NSP3 of SARS CoV-2 virus were also released, recently. […] This study compared their binding sites and suggests the crystal structure of NSP3 of SARS CoV-2 virus as an alternative binding site of AMP or ADP-ribose to treat COVID-19.
33225826 Cordycepin is under clinical trial (NCT00709215) and possesses structural similarity with adenosine except that, it lacks a 3’ hydroxyl group in its ribose moiety and hence it served as a poly(A) polymerase inhibitor and terminate premature protein synthesis.
33300221 In silico, results were in good accordance with the clinical outcomes, where both nitazoxanide and doxycycline achieved the best docking scores against the viral ADP-ribose phosphatase (ADPRP) and the human Adaptor-Associated Kinase 1 (AAK1).
33306471 Mac1 shows highly conserved residues in the binding pocket for the mono and poly ADP-ribose. […] Considering this, the ADP-Ribose-1"-phosphate bound closed form of Mac1 domain is considered for screening with large database of ZINC.
33352458 These viruses possess highly conserved viral macro domain A1pp having adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose binding and phosphatase activity sites.
33448184 One set of macrodomains loses enzymatic activity and only binds to ADP-ribose (ADPR).
33467912 Understanding the potential association between the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase member 14 (PARP14) and the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may aid in understanding the host immunopathological response to the virus.
33494667 Activation of Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), a post-translational modifying enzyme, has been shown to be involved with several inflammatory and viral diseases.
33504944 The macro domain is an ADP-ribose (ADPR) binding module, which is considered to act as a sensor to recognize nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) metabolites, including poly ADPR (PAR) and other small molecules.
33526003 human ACE2, importin-α and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-1, further lending support to its antiviral efficacy.