DrugBank ID: db00627
DrugCentral: niacin
Synonymous :3-carboxypyridine | 3-pyridinecarboxylic acid | 3-pyridylcarboxylic acid | acide nicotinique | ácido nicotínico | acidum nicotinicum | anti-pellagra vitamin | m-pyridinecarboxylic acid | niacin | niacina | nicotinic acid | nikotinsäure | pyridine-β-carboxylic acid | β-pyridinecarboxylic acid

Drug Sentece Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of niacin gene in 8 abstracts.

pmid sentence
32707945 Vitamin B3, or niacin, is one of the most important compounds of the B-vitamin complex.
32787337 Herein, using ligand- and protein-observed fragment screening approaches, we identified niacin and hit 1 binding to the catalytic pocket of the main protease (Mpro) of SARS-CoV-2, thereby modestly inhibiting the enzymatic activity of Mpro. […] We further searched for low-molecular-weight drugs containing niacin or hit 1 pharmacophores with enhanced inhibiting activity, e.g., carmofur, bendamustine, triclabendazole, emedastine, and omeprazole, in which omeprazole is the only one binding to the C-terminal domain of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro.
32853469 NAD can be synthesized de novo starting with tryptophan, or from salvage pathways starting with NAD precursors like nicotinic acid (NA), nicotinamide (NAM) or nicotinamide riboside (NR), referred to as niacin/B3 vitamins, arising from dietary supply or from cellular NAD catabolism.
33126910 Patients refusing to give written consent and taking drugs that are known to have a significant drug interaction with statin or aspirin [including cyclosporine, HIV protease inhibitors, hepatitis C protease inhibitor, telaprevir, fibric acid derivatives (gemfibrozil), niacin, azole antifungals (itraconazole, ketoconazole), clarithromycin and colchicine] will also be excluded from the trial.
33140827 Correspondingly, the lack of ACE2 and the concurrent absence of B0AT1 expression in small intestine causes a decrease in l-tryptophan absorption, niacin deficiency, decreased intestinal antimicrobial peptide production, and increased susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in mice.
33169132 Since niacin is a vitamin with cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory functions, this study aimed to evaluate the possible functional roles and underlying mechanisms of action of niacin as an anti-COVID-19 and -CRC therapy. […] We used a series of network pharmacology-based and computational analyses to understand and characterize the binding capacity, biological functions, pharmacological targets and therapeutic mechanisms of niacin in CRC/COVID-19. […] Moreover, the results of molecular docking analysis indicated that niacin exerted effective binding capacity in COVID-19. […] Further, we disclosed the targets, biological functions and signaling pathways of niacin in CRC/COVID-19. […] The analysis indicated that niacin could help in treating CRC/COVID-19 through cytoprotection, enhancement of immunologic functions, inhibition of inflammatory reactions and regulation of cellular microenvironment. […] Furthermore, five core pharmacological targets of niacin in CRC/COVID-19 were also identified, including BCL2L1, PTGS2, IL1B, IFNG and SERPINE1. […] This study, for the first time, revealed the niacin-associated molecular functions and pharmacological targets for treating CRC/COVID-19, as COVID-19 remains a serious pandemic. […] But the findings were not validated in actual CRC patients infected with COVID-19, so further investigation is needed to confirm the potential use of niacin for treating CRC/COVID-19.