DrugBank ID: db05381
DrugCentral: histamine
Synonymous :1h-imidazole-4-ethanamine | 2-(4-imidazolyl)ethylamine | 4-imidazoleethylamine | 5-imidazoleethylamine | beta-aminoethylglyoxaline | beta-aminoethylimidazole

Drug Sentece Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of histamine gene in 11 abstracts.

pmid sentence
32013309 Viral activate MCs release early inflammatory chemical copounds including histamine and protease; while late activation provoke the generation of pro-inflammatory IL-1 family members including IL-1, IL-6 and IL-33.
32499303 The over-the-counter histamine-2 receptor antagonist famotidine is a putative therapy for COVID-19.
32780184 The 49th annual meeting of the European Histamine Research Society (EHRS) was planned to be held at ‘Die Wolfsburg’, Mühlheim an der Ruhr near Düsseldorf in Germany. […] The Online Symposium covered a range of interesting and inspiring topics around the molecular and clinical pharmacology of histamine, with nine exciting presentations delivered by young and senior members of the Society across both days.
32852340 Individuals taking histamine-2 receptor antagonists were not at elevated risk. […] We found evidence of an independent, dose-response relationship between the use of antisecretory medications and COVID-19 positivity; individuals taking PPIs twice daily have higher odds for reporting a positive test when compared with those using lower-dose PPIs up to once daily, and those taking the less potent histamine-2 receptor antagonists are not at increased risk.
32871242 Combinations of Histamine-1 and Histamine-2 receptor antagonists have been effective in urticaria, and might reduce the histamine-mediated pulmonary cytokine storm in COVID-19. […] Can a combination of Histamine-1 and Histamine-2 receptor blockers improve COVID-19 inpatient outcomes? […] Of all patients, including those with Do Not Resuscitate directives, receiving the dual-histamine receptor blockade for at least 48 h, the combination drug treatment resulted in a 16.4% rate of intubation, a 7.3% rate of intubation after a minimum of 48 h of treatment, a 15.5% rate of inpatient mortality, and 11.0 days duration of hospitalization. […] This physician-sponsored cohort study of cetirizine and famotidine provides proof-of-concept of a safe and effective method to reduce the progression in symptom severity, presumably by minimizing the histamine-mediated cytokine storm. […] Further clinical studies in COVID-19 are warranted of the repurposed off-label combination of two historically-safe histamine receptor blockers.
32945158 In this pathologic environment, the activation of mast cells (MCs) causes the release of histamine, proteases, cytokines, chemokines and arachidonic acid compounds, such as prostaglandin D2 and leukotrienes, all of which are involved in the inflammatory network. […] Histamine is stored endogenously within the secretory granules of MCs and is released into the vessels after cell stimulation. […] Histamine is involved in the expression of chemokine IL-8 and cytokine IL-6, an effect that can be inhibited by histamine receptor antagonists. […] Vannier et al., 1993), it was found that histamine as well as IL-1 are implicated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary inflammatory reaction, after micorganism immune cell activation. […] IL-1 in combination with histamine can cause a strong increase of IL-1 levels and, consequently, a higher degree of inflammation. […] However, it has been reported that histamine alone has no effect on IL-1 production. […] Furthermore, histamine enhances IL-1-induced IL-6 gene expression and protein synthesis via H2 receptors in peripheral monocytes. […] Therefore, since MCs are large producers of histamine in inflammatory reactions, this vasoactive amine, by increasing the production of IL-1, can amplify the inflammatory process in the lung infected with SARS-CoV-2. […] Here, we have proposed for the first time an emerging role for histamine released by MCs which in combination with IL-1 can cause an increase in lung inflammation induced by the viral infection SARS-CoV-2.
33007575 In order to identify a novel potent inhibitor, we performed blind docking studies on the main virus protease Mpro with eight approved drugs belonging to four pharmacological classes such as: anti-malarial, anti-bacterial, anti-infective and anti-histamine.
33206207 We, therefore, examined reports on interactions between severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and histamine receptor antagonists. […] A systematic literature search was performed by 19 September 2020, and updated on 28 October 2020, in PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar using (COVID-19 OR coronavirus OR SARS-CoV-2) AND (histamine antagonist OR famotidine OR cimetidine). […] ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for COVID-19 and (famotidine or histamine). receptor antagonists may interact with key viral enzymes. […] However, in vitro studies have to date failed to show a direct inhibition of famotidine on SARS-CoV-2 replication. receptor-mediated immunomodulatory actions on mast cell histamine-cytokine cross-talk, rather than a direct action on SARS-CoV-2.
33296106 The histamine-1 receptor antagonist rupatadine was developed to have anti-PAF activity, and also inhibits activation of human mast cells in response to PAF.
33309272 Efforts to identify approved drugs with in vitro activity against SARS-CoV-2 resulted in identification of antiviral sigma-1 receptor ligands, including antihistamines in the histamine-1 receptor binding class.
33491579 Recently, global attention has turned to preliminary reports on the promising anti-COVID-19 effect of histamine H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs), most especially Famotidine.