DrugBank ID: db09274
DrugCentral: artesunate
Synonymous :artesunate | artesunato | artesunatum | artesunic acid | as | butanedioic acid, 1-[(3r,5as,6r,8as,9r,10s,12r,12ar)-decahydro-3,6,9-trimethyl-3,12-epoxy-12h-pyrano[4,3-j]-1,2-benzodioxepin-10-yl] ester | dihydroqinghasu hemsuccinate

Drug Sentece Context

Table 1. Analysis of context sentence of artesunate gene in 15 abstracts.

pmid sentence
32514287 Artesunate is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, an antimalarial drug. […] Artesunate was thought to be an effective treatment for covid-19 because of its anti-inflammatory activity, NF-κB (nuclear Factor kappa B)-coronavirus effect and chloroquine-like endocytosis inhibition mechanism.
32527344 To discuss the effective of artesunate in the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). […] Using prospective method, the 43 cases of confirmed COVID-19 patients in Nanning Fourth People’s Hospital from January 22nd to February 15th in 2020 were enrolled and divided into routine treatment group (n = 25) and artesunate treatment group (n = 18) by odd-even rule after admission. […] According to the guidelines, the routine treatment group was recommended to receive lopinavir/ritonavir 500 mg + α-aerosolized interferon 500×104 U, twice daily; the artesunate treatment group was given artesunate 60 mg, twice daily besides the routine treatment, for 10 days in both groups. […] In artesunate treatment group, the time for significant improvement of symptoms (days: 3.33±1.91 vs. […] Artesunate can shorten the treatment time of COVID-19, improve prognosis and eliminate pathogens, with fewer adverse reactions and a good application prospect.
32696720 Artesunate, artemisinin and artenimol, showed two mode of interactions with Lys353 and Lys31 binding hotspots of the Spike protein.
32786284 Artesunate and dihydroartemisinin showed similar EC50 values of 12.98 ± 5.30 μM and 13.31 ± 1.24 μM, respectively, which could be clinically achieved in plasma after intravenous administration.
32805422 Mefloquine-artesunate exerted the highest antiviral activity with % inhibition of 72.1 ± 18.3 % at expected maximum blood concentration (Cmax) for each ACT drug at doses commonly administered in malaria treatment. […] All the other combinations, artesunate-amodiaquine, artemether-lumefantrine, artesunate-pyronaridine, or dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, showed antiviral inhibition in the same ranges (27.1 to 34.1 %).
32916297 Based on our results, we would expect that countries which commonly use artesunate-amodiaquine or artesunate-mefloquine report fewer cases and deaths than those using artemether-lumefantrine or dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine.
33132747 In this study, the coating properties of silver nanoparticle (size range of 1.6 nm) with three common anti-malarial drugs, Artemisinin, Artemether, and Artesunate have been studied by using the quantum mechanical and classical atomistic molecular dynamics simulation in order to use as the drug delivery to treat malaria and COVID-19 diseases. […] The affinity of interaction was obtained as Artesunate > Artemether > Artemisinin which is in agreement with the DFT results on the adsorption of drugs on the Ag(111) slab.
33153922 There is now sufficient evidence for the effectiveness of ACTs, and in particular artesunate/pyronaridine, to support clinical studies for COVID-19 infections.
33200085 Particularly Galidesivir, Remdesivir, and Pirodavir have been chosen as suggested antiviral drugs; and Proguanil, Mefloquine, and Artesunate have been chosen as suggested antiparasitic drugs based on such predicted interactions.
33269910 Artesunate is a safe noncytotoxic drug with low side effects which is used in the treatment of chloroquine-resistant malaria. […] In addition to being an antimalarial drug, artesunate also has immunomodulatory, anticarcinogenic, and antiviral activity. […] There are in vivo and in vitro studies reporting that artesunate may have a positive effect on the treatment of COVID-19. […] Artesunate may be effective based on its effect on the anti-inflammatory activity, chloroquine-like endocytosis inhibition mechanism, and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signal pathway. […] In this study, we have discussed the possible neuroprotective action mechanisms of artesunate. […] We think that systemic and intranasal topical artesunate administration may have a positive effect on neurological complications resulting from COVID-19.
33403998 Intravenous artesunate is the preferred treatment for severe malaria in both children and adults.